The French and Indian War

The French and Indian War - Description

French.  and . Indian War.  Paintings by Nat Youngblood usccls.org. The French and Indian War. Or…. The Seven Years War. Or… . La guerre de la Conquête. . Or…. Fourth Intercolonial War. . ID: 641174 Download Presentation

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The French and Indian War

French.  and . Indian War.  Paintings by Nat Youngblood usccls.org. The French and Indian War. Or…. The Seven Years War. Or… . La guerre de la Conquête. . Or…. Fourth Intercolonial War. .

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The French and Indian War




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Presentation on theme: "The French and Indian War"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

The French and Indian War

French

 and 

Indian War

 Paintings by Nat Youngblood usccls.org

Slide2

The French and Indian War

Or…

The Seven Years War

Or… 

La guerre de la Conquête

Or…

Fourth Intercolonial War

Or…

Great War for the Empire

Slide3

Who Fought?

The French and Indian War was fought by the

British

against the

French

and their Indian (Native American) allies

The British had Indian allies too.Remember, the colonists were Englishmen at this time. They were loyal subjects and did not think of themselves as anything but Englishmen

God Save the King!!

Slide4

The Albany Plan of Union

Slide5

7 of the 13 colonies sent

representatives

to a conference in Albany, New York

Benjamin Franklin proposed a Union so the colonies could:

Make decisions over

Indian affairs

Handle trade issuesDefend themselves against the French

The Albany Plan of Union

Slide6

The colonies said, “No thanks”

Slide7

Why did they Fight???

French claims

Spanish claims

English claims

Slide8

Remember the “G” in Glory!

England and France and Spain were all in competition with each other and with other

European countries

France had long claimed the

Ohio River Valley

As the 13 colonies prospered, many colonist began to look west toward lands that were claimed by the French

Slide9

One Part of a Bigger War

The war was driven by the antagonism between Great Britain (in personal union with Hanover) and the Bourbons (in France and Spain), resulting from overlapping interests in their colonial and trade empires, and by the antagonism between the Hohenzollerns (in Prussia) and Hapsburgs (Holy Roman Emperors and Archdukes in Austria), resulting from territorial and hegemonial conflicts in the Holy Roman Empire. The Diplomatic Revolution established an Anglo-Prussian Camp, allied with some smaller German States and later Portugal, as well as an Austro-French Camp, allied with Sweden, Saxony and later Spain. The Russian Empire left its offensive alliance with the Habsburgs on the succession of Peter III, and like Sweden concluded a separate peace with Prussia in 1762. The war ended with the peace treaties of Paris (Bourbon France and Spain, Great Britain) and of Hubertsburg (Hohenzollerns, Habsburgs, Saxon elector) in 1763. The war was characterized by sieges and arson of towns as well as open battles involving extremely heavy losses; overall, some 900,000 to 1,400,000 people died.

Slide10

But… this was a

World War

Just kidding… You don’t have to learn all that stuff!

England and her Allies

France and her Allies

Slide11

George Washington

A young Major in the

Virginia Militia

, George Washington was sent into western Pennsylvania to counter the French

His group encountered a party of French scouts and there was a fight. A

French officer was killed

This was one of the first events that sparked the world-wide conflict

A young George Washington

Washington-Custis-Lee Collection, Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia

Slide12

Peace

Before

After

Slide13

England’s North American Territory is now HUGE!!

France

cedes

(gives up) all land EAST of the

Mississippi

to England

France gives New Orleans to SpainSpain gives Florida to England (who will later give it back, but that’s another story)

In North America, the only possessions France has are some islands in the

Caribbean (West Indies)

Slide14

The Result?

England is

in debt

(big time!)

England needs money

to pay for the war

Fighting Indians would be too expensive

So…..

Slide15

England’s Plan

Enforce existing taxes on the colonists (The state of

Salutary Neglect

was over)

Impose

new taxes

(after all, the war was to protect the colonists, so they should pay. Right???)Declare that there would be no settlements west of the Proclamation Line of 1763. (England was too broke to fight any Indian wars!)

Slide16

Vocabulary

Salutary Neglect

: The unofficial policy England had toward her colonies; tax and trade restrictions were

loosely enforced

(the colonists liked it!)

The Proclamation of 1763

: Colonists were forbidden to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains because England wanted to avoid wars with Indians

Slide17

The Proclamation of 1763

Slide18

Colonial Reaction

Slide19

TEKS 8.4A: analyze causes of the American Revolution, including the Proclamation of 1763, the Intolerable Acts, the Stamp Act, mercantilism, lack of representation in Parliament, and British economic policies following the French and Indian War

Slide20