Characters of the Gospels

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The Centurion. People. of the Gospels. Nobleman & . Centurion. Jesus at Capernaum . v46. Jesus at Capernaum . v1. Caesarea. Capernaum. Nain. Nain. Two . Centurions. For a fuller understanding of the words of Christ, the Jewish modes of thought, which he used in illustration, require to be brie.... ID: 210056 Download Presentation

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Characters of the Gospels




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Presentations text content in Characters of the Gospels

Slide1

Characters of the Gospels

The Centurion

Slide2

People

of the Gospels

Slide3

Nobleman &

Centurion

Jesus at Capernaum

v46

Jesus at Capernaum

v1

Slide4

Caesarea

Capernaum

Nain

Nain

Slide5

Two

Centurions

Slide6

For a fuller understanding of the words of Christ, the Jewish modes of thought, which he used in illustration, require to be briefly explained.

It was a common belief, that in the day of the Messiah, redeemed Israel would be gathered to a great feast, together with the patriarchs and heroes of the Jewish faith. Gentiles could have no part in that feast.

When our Lord consigned the unbelieving to “outer darkness, where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth”, he once more used Jewish language, only with the opposite application of it.

Gehinnom

... lay beyond the “mountains of darkness”. It was to a place of darkness, to which, in the day of the Lord, the Gentiles would be consigned.To use Rabbinic terms (the Gentiles) were “children of Gehinnom”, but Israel the “children of the Kingdom”, “royal children”, “children of God”, “children of the upper chamber” and “of the world to come”.Edersheim, Messiah, p1:549-551

The Hope of Life

Slide7

Slide8

Characters of the Gospels

Mary Magdalene

Slide9

Servants

Voluntary Servants

1249

Diakonos

to run an errand, an attendant, a waiter at table, minister, deacon

Involuntary Servants1401 Doulos to be in subjection, subservient, under bondage, a slave.3816 Pais to beat with impunity, a slave

Slide10

The Myths

Jn 12:3

Mary

Anoints

Lu 8:2

Mary

7 Devils

Lu 7:37

Sinner

Anoints

Mary

of Bethany

Mary Magdalene

SinfulWoman

7 Unclean spirits = Sin Lu 11:26

Houses of SimonLu 7:40, Mt 26:6

The Real Mary Magdalene

A Reformed Sinner

O

Anointed the Lord’s Feet

O

Had Seven Devils

P

Slide11

Mary

Magdalene

Magdala

Slide12

Slide13

Characters of the Gospels

Jairus

Slide14

Capernaum

Jairus

The Decapolis

Capernaum

Slide15

The

Synagogue

It may be said that the temple was the place of worship and sacrifice; the Synagogue was the place of teaching and instruction. The Synagogue was by far the more influential.

If a man had a new message to preach, the Synagogue was the obvious place to preach it. When the people met at the Synagogue service it was open to the Ruler of the Synagogue to call on any competent person to give the address, and the exposition. There was no professional ministry whatsoever. That is why Jesus was able to open his campaign in the Synagogues.

To the Jews, the most sacred thing in the world was

The Torah

, The Law. It contains direction and guidance for all life which must be brought out. To give this study and to supply this development a class of scholars arose. These scholars are the

Scribes

, the experts in the law.

But no scribe ever gave a decision on his own. If he made a statement he would buttress it with this, that and the next citation or quotation from the great legal masters of the past. The last thing he ever gave was an independent judgement.

The Gospel of Mark, Wm Barclay p22-24

Slide16

Sabbath Miracles

The Sabbath and the Synagogue

Therefore said some of the Pharisees, This man is not of God, because he

keepeth

not the

sabbath

day

. Others said, How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles? And there was a division among them . . . For the Jews had agreed already, that if any man did confess that he was Christ, he should be put out of the synagogue.  Jn 9:16, 22 * Miracles performed in the Capernaum Synagogue on the sabbath

Slide17

The

Border

The

Riband

of Blue

Bid the children of Israel that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments . . . and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a

riband

of blue ... that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD and do them: and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes.

Num 15:38-39

The Pharisees

But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders.

Mt 23:5

The Promise of the Messiah

Unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteous-

ness

appear with healing in his wings (border).

Mal 4:2

The Legacy

When they were gone over, they came to the land of

Gennesaret

. And the men of that place ... besought him that they might only touch the hem of his garment: and as many as touched were made perfectly whole.

Mt 14:34-36

 

Slide18

Slide19

Characters of the Gospels

The Rich Young Ruler

Slide20

But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness , hath not attained to the law of righteousness.

Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were, by works of law. For they stumbled at the stumbling stone;

As it is written, Behold, I lay in

Sion

a stumbling stone, and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. Rom 9:31-33

Rich Young Ruler

Slide21

Concerning God

Love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, soul, mind and strength

1.

No other gods 2. No graven images 3. No name in vain 4. Sabbath day holy

Ten Commands

Concerning Man

Love thy neighbour as thyself 5. Honour parents 6. Not kill 7. Not adultery 8. Not steal 9. Not false witness 10. Not covet (Defraud not Mk10:19) Mt 19:18-19

Slide22

Wherewith shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the high God? Shall I come before him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old?

Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?

He hath

shewed

thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly* with thy God. Mic 6:6-8*Heb: humble thyself to walk

Rich Young Ruler

Slide23

Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth an rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal:

But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth not rust doth

corrup

, and where thieves do not break through nor steal.

Mt 6:19-20Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches ... That they do good and be rich in good works ...Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may hold on eternal life. 1Tim 6:17-19

Riches

Slide24

Slide25

Characters of the Gospels

Mary & Martha

Slide26

Mary & Martha

Mary

Mary sat

at Jesus feet

and heard his word.

Lu 10:39Then when Mary was come where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet. Jn 11:32Then Mary took a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair Jn 12:3

Martha

Martha was cumbered about with much

serving

.

Lu 10:40

Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming,

went and met

him, but Mary sat still in the house.

Jn 11:20

There they made him a supper; and Martha

served.

Jn 12:2

Slide27

At His Feet

I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city of Cilicia, yet brought up in this city

at the feet of

Gamaliel

, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers ...

Ac 22:3

And this is the blessing wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death ...

And he said, The LORD came from Sinai ... Yea, he loved the people; all his saints are in thy hand: and

they sat down at thy feet

; every one shall receive of thy words.

Deut 33:1-3

Slide28

One Thing Needful

And thou

shalt

remember all the way which the LORD thy God led thee this forty years ...

And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou

knewest

not, neither did thy fathers know;

that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only

, but by every word that

proceedeth

out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.

Deut 8:2-3

And as they thus

spake

, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them ...

And they gave him a

piece

of broiled fish

Lu 24:36, 42

Good “part”

Lu 10:42

= s/w “Piece”

Lu 24:42

Slide29

Slide30

Characters of the Gospels

Nicodemus

Slide31

Nicodemus

Think not that I am come to send peace on the earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.

And a man’s foes shall be they of his own household.

Mt 10:34-36

 

 

Slide32

The

Pharisees

During the difficult days that followed (the return from Babylon) when the Jewish hold on the land was tenuous, and any thought of idolatry had been knocked out of the Jewish mind, a sect arose which developed into the Pharisees. To them, a strict observance of the Torah was everything.

They furthered the introduction of the synagogue, seeing it as a means of reducing the influence of the priests. By the first century A.D. there were hundreds of synagogues in the city of Jerusalem.

The Pharisees’ grip on the minds of the people was almost complete. Yet there were unorthodox Jews such as the

Saducees

, the

Essenes

and others, who resented the power of the Pharisees.

To increase their power over the people the Pharisees extended the law, made traditions and additions which became “burdens grievous to be borne”.

Israel – Land and People of Destiny, Islip

Collyer

, p54

 

 

Slide33

The Sanhedrin

President

Nasi

= (Prince, Elevated One), represented the civil and religious interests of the Jewish nation before the Roman government abroad, and before Jewish congregations at home. Summed votes, determined tradition.

Vice President

Ab

-beth-din (Father of the house of Judgement), led and controlled discussions on disputed points.Wise OneChakam (Sage, Referee), put into proper shape all subjects for discussion by the Council.Manners and Customs of the Bible, Freeman, #718

Slide34

The Serpent on the Pole

Slide35

Shall He Find the Faith?

Time No Longer

Revival of the Truth

Spirituality

Accepted

Rejected

The Ecclesia

The World

When the Son of man cometh, shall he find the faith on the earth?

Lu 18:8

I am Yahweh, I change not.

Mal 3:6

Slide36

Nicodemus

These things has thou done, and I kept silence; thou

thoughtest

that I was altogether such an one as thyself: but I will reprove thee and set (these things) in order before thine eyes.

Psa 50:21

But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned; if the sword come, and take any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood will I require at the watchman’s hand.

Ezek 33:6

Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your sols, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief.

Heb 13:17

 

 

Slide37


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