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Slide1

Moving towards the livable cityof the future

Francesc

Robusté

CENIT -

BarcelonaTechSlide2

Sustainable, safe and efficient urban mobility (“intelligent”? If it’s cost/efficient)Seamless door-to-door mobility“City” is a generic concept

Mayors will likely welcome EU policy on pricing and regulation

Promote and disseminate/share best cases

Common mobility principles for European cities

World map where distance = $cost

E

conomic corridors: distortion of physical territory

Economic territorySlide3

Democratization of the streetHuman / convivial citiesDiversityIntegrationSystems approachTechnology (when is useful

)

Wifi

= one more utility

Still basic constraints: water, energy, emissions, health, safety and security, etc.

European cities as a social project of integration

Integration:

a social project

Ildefons

Cerdà

“Network Urbanism”

Old concepts

New concepts

Functionalism

Sustainability

Diffuse city (urban sprawl)

Compact city

Specialization of land uses

Multifunctional city

Direct costs of operation

Ecological accounting

Pendulous mobility (commuting)

Cloud-shaped mobility

Required (household-based) mobility

Daily mobility

Transport policy

Mobility policy and right to accessibility

Long distance

Proximity

Longitudinal use of the street

Cross-street use

Mutation in urban mobility

Infrastructures

 services

Objects

 processes

Static  dynamicRecurrence (commuter, HBM)  singularityEvent  common

“The city of the future…”

i

s

the Mediterranean

city!Slide4

What’s the future of urban mobility?

What will probably be NOT the future….

Europe, quo

vadis

?Slide5

European cities for the people

WALK

TRANSIT

CAR

Livable, convivial and efficient cities

Collective taxicabs and microbuses

Carsharing and shared vehicles

Unmanned vehiclesSlide6

ICT is strategic for Europe, but just operational in mobilityWe move atoms with energy, electrons and photons

Bangemann

Report

“Europe and the global information society” (Corfu,

1994

)

% system

imple-menta-tion

Time

Strategic

Operational

Tactical

Civil

Industrial

ICT

ITS, smart cities

but

do

we have

brains?

time

Telematics

in all TERN in 2000 and in 30 metropolitan areas

The end of distance

”. 10

million

teleworks

in 2000

=

?

=

?Slide7

Oops! Forgot the stakeholders’ behavior!Administration, operators, users, citizens

HOV

N-VI

Madrid

Behavioral, economic and operational issuesSlide8

Re-engineering and systems approachNo epic/bold changes? Re-engineering is radikal!

Innovation is doing things “

right

Intelligence ITS = R+D+i,

multidisciplinary cross-fertilizationKnown concepts (functional laws, Economy principles)

with “new chemistry” (reactives + catalyzers) & boosted with ICT and

intelligenceTowards a functional & multi-stakeholder approach to urban mobility

Re-

enginering

urban mobilitySlide9

Mode promiscuity and convergence (1)

pedestrian

bicycle

car

motorcycle

taxi

bus

LRT

metro

commuter

rail

Eco-

mobility

PV

Transit

Rail

shared / public

BiCiNg

carsharing

BRT

HOV

The extreme converge

Barcelona, 2008

São Paulo, 2007

LGBT

citySlide10

Personalization vs “coolness”

Montpellier

Lyon

Dublin

Paris

Can mobility define us?

Barcelona

“Cool!”

danger:

TOTO:

human

b

iogasSlide11

Mode promiscuity and convergence

(2)Slide12

Mode promiscuity and convergence

(3)Slide13

Economic principles (1)

Bus

Tramway

Metro

PV

Demand

AC

Demand

AC

MC

TC

AC PT

AC

PC

€/

q(PT)

€/

q(PC)

q(PC)

q(PT)

D to CBD

Land

price

Tr

. cost

Business

Poor

RichSlide14

Economic principles (2)

Arthur C.

Pigou

(1912)

Social

equilibrium flow

Current

equilibrium

Flow

(veh/h)

Marginal

income

(

demand

)

Marginal (social

)

cost

Average

cost

(

users

)

Tax

Effect

Unit cost (€/km)

William S.

Vickrey

(1969)

Nobel

Prize

Economics 1996Principles of Efficient Congestion PricingSlide15

Economic principles (3)

Singapur (1975)

London

(2003)

Stockholm

(2006

)

Milano

(

2008)

Carlos F.

Daganzo

(1995)

0

Restrictions

Pricing

1

Mix

Bogotá (1998)Slide16

Public transport interchanges and “city hubs”Parking regulation and pricing

Road pricing

Traffic restricted areas

Boosting bicycles and walking

More q

uality in public transport

Flexible supply to fit demand

Logistic platforms for loading and unloadingTele-working

Carsharing centers

Etc.

Recipes for Sustainable Urban Mobility…

… and “real” planning as opposed to “false” planning:Slide17

ConcentrationDensitySelf-restraintAnisotropyFunctional designFlows and urban servicesNetworks

City planning and economic territory

Pedestrian “islands”

:

they “work” when the economic flow is maintained

(exchange of car flow by people flow to maintain the money flow)

Integration

vs seggregation

The

city as a “large building” converges towards “zoning”.... Ildefons Cerdà´s Eixample in Barcelona = social integration project

City planningSlide18

Eco-mobilitySlide19

Netbus : Reinvention and promotion of efficient bus services, competitive with tramways, cars and even metro

Strategic vs. operational decisions

Flexibility of buses vs. rigidity of railways

Energy: hybrid, gas,

KAIST, etc.

NB

Public Transport - Transit

NB

B

b

T

M

R

tSlide20

Managed lanesTraffic congestion regulationCongestion pricingEmissions (CO2, PM, NOx)Urban safety

“Cities can regulate congestion with traffic lights of the XXI century”

“Ring roads and roundabouts can reach gridlock state independently of the flow”

“A Pareto optimal policy is a mix of charging and rationing”

Value pricing

(

Pigou

, Vickrey)

Speed has a price

(economic, social, environmental)

TrafficSlide21

European Parliament: Future?Slide22

What will likely be In and Out in European cities (2050 scenario)IN

Pedestrians

Bicycles,

eBicycles,

eBikes

Buses, netbus, proximity buseCars,

eFreight distribution

Carpool and shared vehiclesManaged lanes, VVI,

IVI, unmanned drivingPricing and fare integration

Planning, land price, legislation, governance…Elderly, handicapped & MRPUrban safety

OUT

Segways

Kickbicycles

, tricycles

Motorcycles with 3 wheels

Lean cars

PRT, AGT, monorails

Tramways (electric BRTs)

Trolley buses

Paratransit

with buses

AMW moving walkways

Freight in tramways/ metros

Speed

“In” and “Outs” for

the futureSlide23

“Barcelona model” of mobility:

Safety

Sustainability

 Social equity Efficiency

 Agreement (deal) and social consensus

 Metropolitan

perspective

Conclusions (1)Slide24

“Package of soft management measures” in urban transportation (enhanced by ITS) as opposed to hard physical infrastructures of “technology driven innovations”Service management (TSM) and shared vehicles and infrastructures Re-engineering

of current mobility

services (

netbus

, MFD, etc.)

Focus on the people and stakeholders behavior: the livable and convivial city (social “deal” and consensus)

Promiscuity and convergence of urban mobility modes

Emissions and

energy issues will improve but urban

safety and congestion will remainMajor concerns and constraints remain about water, energy and climate change

Need “

functional” laws and governance

in mobility

European policy and guidelines

regardless of

subsidiarity

Conclusions

(2)Slide25

f.r

obuste@upc.edu

+34 93 4017104

Francesc

Robusté

Moving towards the livable

city of

the future

Director of C

ENIT (Center for Innovation in Transport, Barcelona) and Professor of Transportation at

BarcelonaTech

. President of the Spanish Transportation Engineering Association. Expert of World Bank, UN-Habitat, OECD-JTRC, etc. Has SCI publications in Transportation Science, Transportation Research A, B, C, and E,

Transportmetrica

, IEEE Transactions on ITS, Journal of Tr. Eng., Tr. Res. Record, etc.

By: liane-varnes
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of the future Francesc Robusté CENIT BarcelonaTech Sustainable safe and efficient urban mobility intelligent If its costefficient Seamless doortodoor mobility City is a generic concept ID: 193444 Download Presentation

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