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NPG Health Collaborative:Exploring Population Health and Value-Based Healthcare In A Rural Delivery System September 19, 2018

Presentation ObjectivesDescribe background and structure of NPG Health Collaborative Discuss identified barriers, successes, and lessons learned Describe the vision and potential next steps for rural hospitals and clinics to prepare to operate in a value-based environment

Prairie Health VenturesMission We exist to h elp hospitals s ucceed t hrough collaboration VisionTo sustain the independence of hospitals in our region through an alliance which improves cost and business performanceAlliance of 53 hospitalsOwned/directed by hospitals since 1975Distributed $25M to owners since 2006

Nebraska Purchasing Group, LLC (NPG) Organizational Structure * NPG owns majority of PHV assets and appoints majority of PHV board.

PHV Hospital Owners

NPG Hospital MembersAnnie Jeffrey Memorial Health Ctr. Osceola, NE Boone County Health Center Albion, NE Brodstone Memorial Hospital Superior, NE Brown County Hospital Ainsworth, NE Burgess Health Center Onawa, IA Butler County Health Care Center David City, NE Callaway District Hospital Callaway, NE Chadron Community Hospital Chadron, NEChase County Community Hospital Imperial, NECherry County Hospital Valentine,NECommunity Memorial Healthcare Marysville, KSCommunity Memorial Healthcare Syracuse, NECozad Community Hospital Cozad, NEFillmore County Hospital Geneva, NEFremont Area Medical Center Fremont, NE Genoa Community Hospital Genoa, NEGothenburg Memorial Hospital Gothenburg, NE Henderson Health Care Services Henderson, NE Howard County Medical Center St. Paul, NE Jefferson Community Health Center Fairbury, NE Johnson County Hospital Tecumseh, NE Kimball Health Services Kimball, NE *Lincoln Surgical Hospital Lincoln, NE Merrick Medical Center Central City, NE Memorial Community Health, Inc. Aurora, NE MCH and Health System Blair, NEMemorial Health Care Systems Seward, NE*Nebraska Spine Hospital Omaha, NENemaha County Hospital Auburn, NEPawnee County Memorial Hospital Pawnee City, NEPerkins County Health Services Grant, NERock County Hospital Bassett, NESaunders Medical Center Wahoo, NEShenandoah Memorial Hospital Shenandoah, IASt. Anthony Regional Hospital Carroll, IASt. Francis Memorial Hospital West Point, NEThayer County Health Services Hebron, NEWarren Memorial Hospital Friend, NEWebster Co. Community Hospital Red Cloud, NE* Participating Facilities

Healthcare EnvironmentSingle community markets Fragmented, duplicative services and uncoordinatedPluralistic payer strategies Clarity on provider and insurer alignments Provider-centric Inconsistent measurement and opaqueUse of data to retrospectively reportTreating patients for diseasePatient care anchored in bricks & mortar delivery system Star Physicians Large regional markets Highly reliable and more standardized care across the continuum Narrow networks with preferred payers Greater market change and confusion Patient-centric & engaged Measured and transparent Prospective use of data and analytics Routine use of personalized medicine Technology-enabled virtualization of healthcare Star TeamsFROMTO

Accountable Care Organizations (ACO’s) ACO’s are groups of doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers, who come together voluntarily to give coordinated high-quality care to their Medicare patients Source:

NPG Health Collaborative Background NPG Health Collaborative, LLC (NPG Health) was formed as a separate legal entity to apply for the CMS Shared Savings Program.  NPG Health is a collaboration of hospitals, rural health clinics and physicians located in the Midwest.    The goal of NPG Health is to improve the health and wellness of the members of our communities.  We intend to improve the quality of care and patient satisfaction, increase preventive health and wellness alternatives, and decrease the costs of healthcare for our Medicare patients . With more than 150 providers across 14 critical hospitals and about 16,000 Medicare beneficiaries, NPG Health will assist CAH’s and their associated RHC’s in creating comprehensive population health management programs to achieve superior patient care, patient engagement and high quality outcomes for their rural community Medicare beneficiaries.  

2016 – NPG Health Collaborative, LLC formed with intent to apply to become a CMS Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) Accountable Care Organization (ACO) 2017: Year One CMS Track 1 MSSP ACO 9 Critical Access Hospitals and associated Rural Health Clinics Approximately 9,000 attributed Medicare lives 2018: Year Two CMS Track 1 MSSP ACO 14 Critical Access Hospitals and associated Rural Health Clinics Approximately 150 Providers Approximately 16,000 attributed Medicare lives

NPG Health Collaborative – 2018 ParticipantsMemorial Healthcare Systems - Seward , NEPawnee County Memorial Hospital - Pawnee City, NE Jefferson Community Health Center - Fairbury, NEBrodstone Memorial Hospital - Superior, NEBoone County Health Center - Albion, NESt. Francis Memorial Hospital - West Point, NE Kearney County Health Services - Minden, NECommunity Memorial Healthcare, Inc. - Marysville, KSHoward County Medical Center - St. Paul, NEThayer County Health Services – Hebron, NECHI Health St. Mary’s – Nebraska City, NECHI Memorial Health Schuyler – Schuyler, NECHI Health Missouri Valley – Missouri Valley, IACHI Health Mercy Hospital Corning – Corning, IA

Dependencies and Resources 1 MSSP 16,000 Lives Management Participants Providers & Suppliers Data & Technology

NPG Health Collaborative ACO Governing Body

Why Start an ACOPopulation Health Learning LabAbility to explore new delivery models and continue current reimbursement model (Track 1 Model)DataClaims data on attributed beneficiary'sAdditional Revenue OpportunitiesChronic Care ManagementTransitional Care Management Wellness VisitsPotential of Shared SavingsPhysician Quality Reporting GPRO – MIPS reporting Automatic Credit Earned in MIPS Scoring Ability for Independent Rural Hospitals to work together to build an Integrated Delivery Network Knowledge Transfer and Group SupportPotential to develop Commercial ACO Models

ACO Learning Curve ………….

Historical benchmark is a 3 year average (in our case 2014 – 2016) and is risk adjusted. Aggregate ACO expenditure updates are provided on a quarterly basis for comparison to the benchmark.If an ACO’s spending in the program year is less than the benchmark and the ACO meets MSSP quality thresholds, it earns a shared savings payment.Through claims and our technology vendor we are able to analyze the overall ACO spend as well as individual Participant and NPI (provider) level spend on an ongoing basis. Historical Benchmark & Aggregate Spend

Our Overall Approach to Success in Value-Based Healthcare We believe that the degree of success we will achieve within the ACO is in large part determined by the degree to which we understand and actively manage these three factors through a thoughtful, balanced and physician-led approach. Quality and Satisfaction – ImproveCost – Lower Risk – Manage

Comprehensive careIncludes not only the traditional care of the acutely or chronically ill patient, but also and especially the prevention and early detection of disease. Patient-centered careActive involvement of patients and their families in the decision-making about individual options for treatment and careCoordinated careOrganizing patient care ( including the patient and family) to facilitate the appropriate delivery of health care services Accessibility of ServicesThe ability to get care and services when they are neededQuality and SafetyDegree in which health care services for individuals and populations increase the likelihood of desired health outcomes. Structure for success

Quality Improvement Claims Data Care Coordinators Clinical Data Physician Engagement Team-Based Care Transformation Clinical Efficiencies Shared Decision Making Patient Engagement Risk Stratification Targeting Behavior Change Wellness Evidence-Based Medicine Medical Community Provider Champion AWV TCM CCM ACP Workflows Quality Reporting Waivers Care Plans Clinical Integration

Comprehensive Coordinated Care Eliminate patient care gaps & provide what the patient needs, when they need it, for optimal outcomes. Chronic Care Management Transitional Care Management Annual Wellness Visits Care Coordination In many cases, implementing a comprehensive model requires practice transformation

Group participation supports buy-in and accountability WE want to implement a new program WE need to design a process How are WE going to be successful? Creating and Refining a Care Coordination Model

Transitional Care Management (TCM) Can ImpactPost-Discharge Outcomes Patient success at home Patient Satisfaction with Care (Hospital to Home) Identify Problems - Provide Interventions Reduce Avoidable Errors & Negative Patient Outcomes Compliance with Discharge Orders Total Cost of Care Reduce avoidable readmissions Revenue opportunity - TCMQuality Measures Improve Survey ScoresReduce Readmission and Unnecessary ER Use RatesImprove Market Share Program Specific Requirements to bill : Patient has inpatient/observation/partial hosp. stay Pt Discharged & returns to place of residence (home , Assist. Living) Billing provider responsible for pt. care for entire 30 day period Post D/C: Contact with pt. w ithin 2 business day Face-to-face visit with PCP by day 7/14 (r/t complexity)Medication reconciliation anytime on or before face-to-face30 day service period (D/C day + next 29 days)

Chronic Care Management CHRONIC CARE MANAGEMENT: Program Specific Requirements to bill : Initiating Visit Patient consent for enrollment Two or more chronic conditions 24/7 access to care Patient Centered/Comprehensive Care Plan Certified EMR to record certain patient info Manage Care Transitions - share coordination of care document Successive routine appointments Enhanced communication opportunity 20 min. non-face-to-face activities per month

Chronic Care ManagementCan Impact SATISFACTION Happier with Care Improved Quality of Life – Self Care Ability Provider-Patient Relations Staff SatisfactionCOST OF CAREReduce PMPM ratesUnnecessary tests/txControl downstream spendRevenue OpportunityQUALITY MEASURES Readmission Rates HCAHPS / CAHPS Scores ER Utilization Rates Coordination to impact other Quality measure rates

ANNUAL WELLNESS VISIT (AWV) CARE COORDINATION: AWV provide coordination of all prevention services AWV considered part of care management Prevention reduces exacerbations Benefits of AWV : Improves overall risk scores through CMSRisk scoresCapture Quality measures MEDICARE ANNUAL WELLNESS VISIT: Initial Preventative Physical Examination (IPPE): Billing Code = G0402 “Welcome to Medicare” – once per lifetime benefit Performed within first 12 mos. w hen benefits begin Not a physical – do not actively treat symptomsSet up preventative tests/screenings for up-coming yearCovers once-in-a-lifetime screening electrocardiogram Annual Wellness Visit (AWV) – Initial Visit:Billing Code = G0438 Perform 12 mos. & 1 day after benefits began or after date IPPE was performed (at least) Personalized Prevention Plan of Services (PPPS ) Continues same work from IPPE Annual Wellness Visit (AWV) – Subsequent Visit(s): Billing code = G0439 Perform 12 mos. & 1 day after last AWV date (at least)


Risk adjustment is the process of modifying payments and benchmarks to reflect the degree of illness. This allows CMS to estimate future spending, and allows providers to understand the health characteristics of their managed population Accurate coding is essential in an ACO to characterize risk, enhance shared savings, and provide patient-centered care.  The CMS-HCC risk-adjustment model was designed to most accurately predict spending at the group level, not the individual beneficiary level . Understanding HCCs – which help to portray patients' conditions and prospective costs – and understanding how CMS uses them to calculate expenditure benchmarks or PMPMs - is extremely important to an ACO's ability to earn shared savings and avoid shared loss.Hierarchal Condition Categories (HCC)

ACO Quality

Quality - GPRO Methodology & RankingGroup Provider Reporting Option (GPRO)CMS Chooses a random sample of each facilities attributed lives, from this sample:Patients are consecutively numerically ranked per measure from 1 to 616 for the maximum sample, and 1 to 248 for the minimum Advancing Healthcare Through Collaboration 1 2 3 4 5 Source: https ://

Quality – GPRO ReportingKnowledge gaps surrounding the measures and measure specificationsAre there processes in place within each clinic to ensure these care measures (or gaps) are addressed?Are these measures able to be documented and captured within a discrete field of each EMR in order to run reports for uploading to our ACO technology vendor?Satisfaction a key component. If not routinely surveying CAHPS, how is patient satisfaction determined outside of the ACO CAHPS survey

Education of practice leaders and teams is keyLearning Collaborative WebinarsVendor technology training, including care coordination portalBoard and Leadership support Informed decision making on resource spend to drive understanding of, and case for, practice-level change Care Coordination organization and supportSome practices have – others implementingPractice Transformation Risk adjustment education and support GRPO Quality reporting organization, education and support Data Analysis What ACO resources needed to be impactful?

Challenges and BarriersMultiple EHR’sDifferent levels of engagementRegulationsResources Changing governmental rules

Determine: What You Have in place vs. Where you want to be Consider a Next Step

Regardless of which path you take, engage in Population Health and Value-Based Healthcare

Change is an ongoing process , not an event . An important underlying theme that we instill in our ACO practices:

Questions?.Thank you!

Thank You!Rodney Triplett402.657.5223 CEO Anne Hansen MSN, RN-BC, CPHQ Prairie Health Ventures 712.420.3203 Prairie Health Ventures Director – Quality and Population Health

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