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The Hyphen and the Dash The Hyphen and the Dash

The Hyphen and the Dash - PowerPoint Presentation

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The Hyphen and the Dash - PPT Presentation

How do I know when to use them What you need to know first Hyphens are not dashes and the two cannot be used interchangeably Hyphen Dash The hyphen connects The dash divides ID: 458670

accident hyphen neutral prone hyphen accident prone neutral day carbon quick thinking friend missing fingers proposals saved actions practicedetermine noun dash compound

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Slide1

The Hyphen and the Dash

How do I know when to use them?Slide2

What you need to know first

Hyphens are not dashes and the two cannot be used interchangeably.

Hyphen (-) Dash (–)

The hyphen

connects

The dash

divides

Do you see how this The dash is longer, like

one is shorter?

It’s pushing things away.Slide3

Hyphen and Dash

What is the difference between the two?

Hyphen

-

Dash

– Slide4

What does a hyphen do?

The purpose of the hyphen is to

connect

things together. For instance, you use hyphens to

link together adjectives that work together to describe a noun or noun phrase

. Generally,

this occurs only when the

compound adjective comes before the noun

that it is modifying. If the compound adjective comes after the noun, we usually leave the compound adjective unhyphenated.

For instance:

They were in a long-term relationship.I am using my noise-cancelling headphones.

Or,

They were in a relationship that was long term.

I am using headphones that cancel noise. Slide5

Practice

Determine which of the following needs a hyphen, and if so, where?

My accident prone friend is missing some fingers.

My friend who is accident prone is missing some fingers.

The proposals he made were carbon neutral.

He made the carbon neutral proposals.

Her quick thinking actions saved the day.

Her actions, which were quick thinking, saved the day.Slide6

Practice

Determine which of the following needs a hyphen, and if so, where?

My accident prone friend is missing some fingers.

Accident-prone

My friend who is accident prone is missing some fingers.

The proposals he made were carbon neutral.

He made the carbon neutral proposals.

Her quick thinking actions saved the day.

Her actions, which were quick thinking, saved the day.Slide7

Practice

Determine which of the following needs a hyphen, and if so, where?

My accident prone friend is missing some fingers.

Accident-prone

My friend who is accident prone is missing some fingers.

None

The proposals he made were carbon neutral.

He made the carbon neutral proposals.

Her quick thinking actions saved the day.Her actions, which were quick thinking, saved the day.Slide8

Practice

Determine which of the following needs a hyphen, and if so, where?

My accident prone friend is missing some fingers.

Accident-prone

My friend who is accident prone is missing some fingers.

None

The proposals he made were carbon neutral.

None

He made the carbon neutral proposals.Her quick thinking actions saved the day.Her actions, which were quick thinking, saved the day.Slide9

Practice

Determine which of the following needs a hyphen, and if so, where?

My accident prone friend is missing some fingers.

Accident-prone

My friend who is accident prone is missing some fingers.

None

The proposals he made were carbon neutral.

None

He made the carbon neutral proposals. Carbon-neutralHer quick thinking actions saved the day.

Her actions, which were quick thinking, saved the day.Slide10

Practice

Determine which of the following needs a hyphen, and if so, where?

My accident prone friend is missing some fingers.

Accident-prone

My friend who is accident prone is missing some fingers.

None

The proposals he made were carbon neutral.

None

He made the carbon neutral proposals. Carbon-neutralHer quick thinking actions saved the day.

Quick-thinkingHer actions, which were quick thinking, saved the day.Slide11

Practice

Determine which of the following needs a hyphen, and if so, where?

My accident prone friend is missing some fingers.

Accident-prone

My friend who is accident prone is missing some fingers.

None

The proposals he made were carbon neutral.

None

He made the carbon neutral proposals. Carbon-neutralHer quick thinking actions saved the day.

Quick-thinkingHer actions, which were quick thinking, saved the day.

NoneSlide12

Let’s continue

The fair haired girl is staring at you.

You should check out my custom built motorcycle.

My dad is bad tempered.

The youths were camera ready.Slide13

Let’s continue

The fair haired girl is staring at you.

Fair-haired

You should check out my custom built motorcycle.

Custom-built

My dad is bad tempered.

None

The youths were camera ready.

NoneSlide14

What have we learned?

What is the difference between the hyphen and the dash?

If the compound adjective comes

before

the noun it is changing, do we use the hyphen?

If the compound adjective comes

after

the noun it is changing, do we use the hyphen?

If you were given an exercise like this Monday, would you be able to answer the questions?Slide15

Starter Day One

There is so many well known

beatles

songs yesterday, Michelle, and hey

jude

are just a few.

The beatles were a hard working band that changed modern music. Slide16

Starter Day One

There are so many well-known Beatle’s songs: “Yesterday,” “Michelle,” and “Hey Jude” are just a few.

The

B

eatles were a hard-working band that changed modern music.

Just for kicks, what do you think about these. Do we need a hyphen?

3. She was a horribly moody girl.

4. What color of eye-shadow goes with this outfit?Slide17

Starter Day TwoSlide18

Hyphen Rule Two

Hyphens are used when writing compound numbers.

Do not space between the hyphen and the number.

Bad writer

Good writer Sixty - three Sixty-three Slide19

But that’s not all

Use a hyphen with the

prefixes ex-

(meaning former),

self-

,

all-; with the suffix -elect

; between a prefix and a capitalized word; and with

figures or letters:ex-husband

self-assuredmid-September

all-inclusivemayor-elect

anti-AmericanT-shirt

pre-Civil War

mid-1980sSlide20

Confusion

Can I have a hot water bottle?Slide21

Sources

http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/grammar/how-to-use-a-hyphen