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Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity
Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity

Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity - PowerPoint Presentation

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Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity - Description

Outcome Byzantium The New Rome Constructive Response Questions Citing specific examples what factors allowed Byzantium to prosper while the west floundered What will we learn What was Byzantium ID: 540849 Download Presentation

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Presentation on theme: "Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity"— Presentation transcript

Slide1

Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity

Outcome: Byzantium: The New RomeSlide2

Constructive Response Questions

Citing specific examples, what factors allowed Byzantium to prosper while the west floundered?Slide3

What will we learn?

What was Byzantium?

Emperor Justinian

The Eastern Orthodox ChurchSlide4

Byzantium: The New Rome

Setting the Stage

Due to

Germanic Invasions

, the Western Roman Empire had collapsed

For nearly

1,000

years after the collapse of the Western Empire

,

Byzantium in the east would continue to thrive and build upon its Roman foundationsSlide5

ByzantiumSlide6

Byzantium: The New Rome

Why was Byzantium called The New Rome?

Simple:

it was

Roman

Byzantium

had Roman

emperors

,

architecture, culture, and Christianity

Byzantine emperors ruled with

absolute power

- head of

church

as well

There were differences such as they spoke Greek instead of LatinSlide7

Byzantium: The New Rome

Why was Byzantium wealthier?

Byzantium was

located

in the middle of several

trade routes

that allowed it to prosper

Weren’t prone to the

Germanic attacks

like the Western EmpireSlide8

Byzantium: The New Rome

Emperor Justinian

Takes control of the Byzantium in

527

AD

Set up the

Justinian Code

: uniform set of laws created from outdated

Roman

laws

Contained

5,000

Roman laws still considered useful

Broken up into

4 works

(The Code, The Digest, The institutes, the Novellae)

Built many churches including the Hagia

Sophia

, hailed as the most splendid church in

Christian

world

Plagues

and attacks cause the Byzantine Empire to fall after death of JustinianSlide9

The

Hagia

SophiaSlide10

Byzantium: The New Rome

A Christian Empire

Christianity had

spread

since the height of the Roman Empire

Emperor

Constantine

issued the Edict of Milan that made Christianity

legal

The Church Divides in 1054

Roman Catholicism

in the West

Services conducted in

Latin

The Pope has authority of all other bishops

Priests cannot marrySlide11

Byzantium: The New Rome

Eastern Orthodox Church

in the East

Services conducted in

Greek

or local languages

The

Patriarch

and other bishop head the Church as a group

Priests may be marriedSlide12

Byzantium: The New Rome

Result: The Roman Empire dwindled into oblivion allowing the

Middle Ages

to begin.

However, in the east Byzantium held on

for a few more centuries, which resulted

in a

split

in Christianity and eventually would set up a bigger conflict: Christianity vs. Islam.Slide13

Constructive Response Questions

Citing specific examples, what factors allowed Byzantium to prosper while the west floundered?