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L4 Determine

or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and. phrases based on . grades 11–12 reading and content. , choosing flexibly from a. range of . strategies. How can I determine meaning of unknown words? What are strategies to determine meaning of unknown words? What is the purpose of reference materials (dictionary, thesaurus, glossary, almanac, encyclopedia)?.

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L4 Determine






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Slide1

L4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words andphrases based on grades 11–12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from arange of strategies

How can I determine meaning of unknown words? What are strategies to determine meaning of unknown words? What is the purpose of reference materials (dictionary, thesaurus, glossary, almanac, encyclopedia)?Slide2

a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; aword’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a wordor phrase.

The spy succeeded only because he had a friend on the

inside to

abet

him

.

Joseph always dropped the names of

the famous

people his father knew as a way to

aggrandize

his personal stature

.

Such lodging houses have caused more

destitution

, more beggary and crime than any other agency I know of.

While eating dinner with the adults, the

diffident

youth

did not speak for fear of seeming presumptuousSlide3

a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence, paragraph, or text; aword’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a wordor phrase.

The spy

SUCCEEDED

only because he had a

FRIEND

on the

INSIDE

to

abet

him

.

Abet = Help

Joseph always dropped the names of

the FAMOUS

people his father knew as a way to

aggrandize

his personal

STATURE.

Aggrandize = make larger

Such lodging houses have caused more

destitution

, more BEGGARY and CRIME than any other agency I know of.

Destitution = poverty

While eating dinner with the

ADULTS,

the

diffident

YOUTH

did not speak for

FEAR

of seeming

PRESUMPTUOUS.

Diffident = shy, respectfulSlide4

b. Identify and correctly use patterns of word changes that indicate differentmeanings or parts of speech (e.g., conceive, conception, conceivable).

Morphemes – Prefixes, Roots, SuffixesSlide5

Prefix

Meaning

Example

Anti-

Against

Antisocial, antifreeze

Bi-

Two

Bifocals, bicycle

Dis-

Away, not

Disgrace, disconnect

Non-

Not

Nonsense, nondescript

Pre-

Before

Precede, preview

Un-

Not

Uninteresting, unableSlide6

Roots

Meaning

Example

Aqua

Water

Aquatics, aquarium

Ami

Love

Amiable, amity

Bio

Life

Biologist, antibiotic

Hemo

Blood

Hematologist, hemoglobin

Geo

Earth

Geography, geology

Vita

Life

Vitality, vitaminsSlide7

Suffix

Meaning

Example

able

Capable of

Believeable

, recognizable

Ish

Have the characteristics of

Selfish, foolish

Ly

Sharing qualities of

Softly, quickly

Ment

Forms nouns from verbs and adjectives

Government, movement, merriment

Ous

Like

Nervous, disastrous, porousSlide8

Which of these words has a suffix that means capable of?UnaccountableNaturalConversation

Discontented

How does a prefix change the meaning of a word in the following sentence – It was like some horrible crime committed in a dungeon, all unseen and unheeded, buried out of sight and of memory.

–y changes memorize to a noun

-

ible

changes horror to an adjective

-un reverses heeded

Com- reverses

mit

Which word is an English cognate of French

souffrance

and Italian

sofferenza

?

Somehow

Suffering

Sense

Self-confidenceSlide9

How does the suffix in the word trustingly affect its meaning?It becomes a verb describing how a trusting person acts.It becomes a noun to describe a person who has trust.

It becomes an adjective to describe a person who trusts.

It becomes an adverb describing someone acting with trust.

What is the root word of monstrous?

Mon

Monster

Monst

-

Ous

What prefix could be added to believe to reverse its meaning?

bi-

Semi-

Dis-

Sub-

What is the root word of questionable?

Quest

-

tion

-able

question