Joumal of Psychology in Africa    Printed In USA  All Rights Reserved Copyright  Journa o Psycholog i Afric ISSN  Astrologica Sign an Personalit Difference Renie Stey University of South Africa Pleas
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Joumal of Psychology in Africa Printed In USA All Rights Reserved Copyright Journa o Psycholog i Afric ISSN Astrologica Sign an Personalit Difference Renie Stey University of South Africa Pleas

Email address steynrunisaacza Thi stud examine th reiationshi betwee astroiogica sign an personaiit trait i 6 26 Sout Africa jobseeker mea ag 24 years female 59 Black 98 Participant compiete th Basi Trait inventor Tayio an d Bruin 2006 Contrastiv

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Joumal of Psychology in Africa Printed In USA All Rights Reserved Copyright Journa o Psycholog i Afric ISSN Astrologica Sign an Personalit Difference Renie Stey University of South Africa Pleas




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Joumal of Psychology in Africa 2011, 21(3), 493-494 Printed In USA - All Rights Reserved Copyright ©2011 Journa o Psycholog i Afric ISSN 1433-0237 Astrologica Sign an Personalit Difference Renie Stey University of South Africa Please address correspondence to Renier Steyn, Graduate School of Business Leadership, University of South Africa, PO Box 392, Unisa, 0003, South Africa. E-mail address: steynr@unisa.ac.za Thi stud examine th reiationshi betwee astroiogica sign an personaiit trait i 6 26 Sout Africa jobseeker (mea ag = 24. years female = 59% Black = 98%) Participant

compiete th Basi Trait inventor (Tayio an d Bruin 2006) Contrastiv analysi o personaiit trait b astroiogica sign yieide n significan differences Keywords: Astrological signs; personality; South Africa Unti th twentiet centur astrologer considere tha th star playe a mai rol i definin huma behaviour bu con temporar psychologica astrologer als emphasis th rol o Jungia archetype an psychologica structure underlyin dif feren personalitie (Kelly 1997) Astrolog claim t explai typical characteristic o people bor a certai time of th year an ho peopl wh ar bor a difteren time difte fro eac othe o coul

complemen eac othe (se MacGregor 2011 Stirling 2010 Riske 2011) th socia media i i quit commo t fin section dedi cate t zodiac-relate statements an predictions Som scepticis exists however amon researcher abou th sci entifi credibilit o astrological writing (se Chic & Lorenzo-Seva 2006 Dea & Kelly 2003 Dean Nia & French 1997 Erte & Dean 1996 Hamilton 2001 Hartmann, Reuter & Nyborg 2006 Eysenc & Nias 1982 Kelly 1997,1998 Mayo White & Eysenck 1978 Perry 1995 Tyson 1984 Va Rooij 1994 1999) Empirica researc generall show liftl suppor fo astrolog claims Eysenc an Nia (1982) fo example stat tha

behaviou ca usuall b explaine befte b non-as trologica predictors Nonetheless man people stil rea astro logica description an prediction i th socia media an ma als mak decision base thereupon Va Rooi (1994 i o th opinio tha th evaluatio o th accurac o zodia personalit description i everyda lif i linke t a proces o selectiv self-observatio whereb self-fulfillin biase i even observation ar commonplace Fo instance a Arie perso believin t b 'impulsive wil se lectivel observ impulsiv behaviou i him/hersel whils con sciously ignorin non-impulsiv acts Acquaintanc wit sta sign coul constitut a

importan facto i perception abou personalit trait (Eysenc & Nias 1982) Hamilto (1995 share th sam view Eysenc an Nia (1982 als refe t th presenc o th Barnu eftec i people' appreciatio o personalit trait i whic personalit description o a genera an vagu natur ar accepte a fac value Thi ma explai th preferenc o favourabl characteristic describe i zodia description (Hamilton 2001 Pawli & Buse 1979 Wunder 2003) Sout Afric astrolog i a relativel importan featur o contemporar life I woul b difticul t fin a newspape o magazin tha doe no featur som for o zodia informa tion an eve certai traditiona

healer admi t th us o astrologica informatio whe advisin thei patients Thi sug gest tha i a non-Wester contex zodia interpretation ca als exer som inftuence Thi stud sough t answe th questio whethe peopl o difteren zodia sign ha reliabl personalit trait difterences Metho Participant an settin Participant wer 6 26 jobseeker wit a Sout Africa governmen agenc (mea ag = 24. (S = 3. years) fe male = 59% male = 4 % Black = 98% White = 2% Zul / Xhos / Seped = ±20% Vend / Tswan / Tsong / Soth = ±7% Swat / Ndebel / Afrikaner = ±3%) Al th participant ha complete 1 year o schoolin an wer literat i Eng

lish A par o th selectio proces the complete a personal it questionnair unde th supervisio o registere psycholo gists Th assessmen wa don wit ful complianc t th ethica guideline o th Healt Profession Counci o Sout Af ric an unde th condition o th Employmen Equit Act Ac numbe 5 o 1998 iUleasuremen instrument Participant complete th Basi Trait Inventor (BTI Tay lo an d Bruin 2006 - a measurin instrumen o personalit traits Th BT measure fiv cor traits namel extraversion agreeableness conscientiousness neuroticism an opennes (a define b McCra & Costa 1987) Taylo (2008 report re liabilit

coefficient varyin fro a hig o .9 (neuroticism t a lo o .8 (agreeablenes an openness) usin a Sout Afri ca sample Sh als provide som evidenc o th absenc item an scale-leve bia (Taylor 2008) Groupin o participant int th 1 astrological groups ac cordin t th sign o th zodia o Wester astrology wa don followin th guideline se ou i Risk (201 1) Dat Analysi Afte dividin participant int th 1 astrological group th mea scores o participants o th difteren factor o th BTI
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49 Stey wer compared t determin i significan difference i person alit occu across th astrologica groupings one-wa

between-group ANOV wa conducte t ex plor whethe difference exis betwee personalit trait o person belongin t differen astrologica signs Statistiea Paekag fe th Soeia Science (SPSS) Versio 17 wa use d th ANOVA wit th personalit trai tota scores a de penden variables an th zodia sig o th participan a (separating factor Result an Conclusio statisticall significan difterenee wer foun a th < .0 leve i BT seore fo th 1 groups Th onl indieatio differenc wa foun i th opennes trait F(11 6 256 = 1.75 p = .058 Th differenc i mea opennes score wa quit small Th effec size calculate usin et squared wa les

tha .00 (Cohen 1988 Steyn 2000) Th post-ho com pariso usin th Scheffe' tes indicate tha non o th group differe significantl a fa a opennes wa eeneerned Th bigges differenc i opennes seore wa betwee Virg = 116.93 S = 18.52 an Seerpi ( = 118.00 S = 17.21) bu eve thi wa no significan ( = .475) I wa con cludec tha n difference i personalit exis betwee peopl base o thei respectiv astrological signs Thi stud foun n evidenc t suppor th vie tha astro logica sign explaine personalit traits Planetar configura tion therefor hav n behavioura ramification fo humans Reference Cohen J (1988) Statistical

power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2n ed.) Hillsdale NY Ertbaum Chico E. & Lorenzo-Seva U (2006) Belie i astrolog inven tory Developmen an validatien Psychological Reports. 99, 851-863 Dean G. & Kelly I W (2003) I astrolog relevan t con sciousnes an psi Journal of Consciousness Studies. 70(7) 175-198 Dean G. Nias D K B. & French C (1997) Graphology as trolog an parapsychology I H Nybor (Ed) The scien- tific study of human nature: Tribute to Hans J. Eysenck (pp.42-60) London OK Elsevier Ertel S. & Dean G (1996) Ar personalit difference be twee twins predicte b astrology Personality and

Individ- ual Differences. 27(3) 449-454 Eysenck H J & Nias D .K B (1982) Astrology: Science or Superstition? Ne York NY S Martin's Hamilton M (1995) Incorporatio o astrology-base person alit informatio int long-ter self-concept Journal of So- cial Behaviour and Personality. 10, 707-718 Hamilton M (200 ) Wh believe i astrology Effec o favor ablenes o astrologicall derive personalit description acceptanc o astrology Personality and Individual Dif- ferences. 31, 903-914 Hartmann P. Reuter M. & Nyborg H (2006) Th relationshi betwee dat o birt an individua difference i personal it an genera

intelligence A large-scal study Personality and Individual Differences. 40(7) 1349-1362 Kelly I W (1997) Moder astrology A critique Psychological Reports. 81, 1035-1066 Kelly I W (1998) Wh astrolog doesn' work Psychological Reports. 82(2) 527-546 MacGregor M M (2011) Rules for finding how to sueeeed in soeiety. friendship, marriage and business. Whitefish MO Kessinger McCrae R R. & Costa P T (1987) Validatio o th five-fac to mode o personalit acros instrument an observers Journalof Personality and Social Psychology. 52(1) 81-90 Mayo J. White O. & Eysenck H J (1978) A empirica stud th relatio

betwee astrological factor an personality Journal of Social Psychology. 105, 229-236 Pawlik K. & Buse L (1979) Self-aftributio a a differential psychologica moderato variable Verificatio an clarifica tio o Eysenck' astrology-personalit correlations Zeitschrift fur Sozialpsychologie. 70(1) 54-69 Perry G (1995) Assessin th feasibilit o correlatin psyeho logiea test wit astrology I M Poftenge (Ed.) Astrologi- cal research methods. Vol 1. A ISA Anthology (pp 121-127) Lo Angeles CA Internationa Soeiet fo Astro logica Research Riske K B (2011) Llewellyn's sun sign book: Horoscopes for everyone.

Woodbury MN Llewellyn Steyn H S (2000) Practica significanc o th difterenee i means Journal of Industrial Psychology, 26(3) 1-3 Stirling S Z (2010) 20 7 Astrology guide nearing the portal. La Vegas NV Wisdem Taylor N (2008) Construct, item and response bias across cul- tures in personality measurement (Unpublishe doctora thesis) Universit o Johannesburg Johannesburg Sout Africa Taylor N. & d Bruin G P (2006) Basic Traits Inventory. Jo hannesburg va Rooyen Tyson G A (1984) A empirica tes o th astrological theer personality Personality and Individual Differences, 5(2) 247-250 Va Rooi] J J F

(1994) Introversión-extraversión Astrolog versus psychology f^ersonality and Individual Differences. 76(6) 985-988 Va Rooij J J F (1999) Self-concep i term o astrologica sun-sig traits Psychological Reports, 84, 541-546 Wunder E (2003) Self-aftribution sun-sig traits an th al lege rol o Favourablenes a a moderato variable Long-ter eftec o artifact Personality and Individual Dif- ferences, 35, 1783-1789
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