Presidential Selection: - PowerPoint Presentation

Presidential Selection:
Presidential Selection:

Presidential Selection: - Description


The Framers Plan Chapter 13 Section 3 Constitutional Provisions Selecting the President The framers did not believe that the people of the new nation would be able to adequately elect the President ID: 289623 Download Presentation

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Slide1

Presidential Selection: The Framers’ Plan

Chapter 13, Section 3Slide2

Constitutional Provisions (Selecting the President)

The framers did not believe that the people of the new nation would be able to adequately elect the President.

Presidential Electors

President and VP would be chosen by this body.

Each state chooses and they get as many electors as they have senators and representatives in Congress

.

Electoral Votes

Electors place two votes for a different candidate.

Candidate with the most votes = President

Second most votes = Vice President

Known as the

ELECTORAL COLLEGE

.

“The most enlightened and respectable citizens” from each state.Slide3

Rise of Political Parties

Flaws in the system began to show:

1796 - John Adams (Federalist) won election by 3 votes over Thomas Jefferson (arch-rival and Democratic-Republican).

What’s the problem here?

Election of 1800

REVOLUTION OF 1800

Changed Electoral College System

Two Parties  Federalists (Adams and

Alexander Hamilton

), Democratic-Republicans (Jefferson and Aaron Burr)

Each party nominated Presidential and VP candidates AND presidential electors (if they won they would vote for their party)

73 Democratic-Republicans voted for Jefferson and Burr

Tie for President.

Jefferson was more popular but House still had to settle dispute.Slide4

Thomas Jefferson 73 Electoral Votes

Aaron Burr 73 Electoral Votes

John Adams 65 Electoral Votes

Charles Pinckney 64 Electoral Votes

John Jay 1 Electoral VoteSlide5

Change

Election of 1800 marked the introduction of 3 new elements:

Party nominations for President and Vice President.

Nominations of candidates for presidential electors

who

pledged to vote for their party’s presidential ticket.

Automatic casting of the electoral votes in line with those pledges.

12

th

Amendment

Added in 1804 to make sure 1800 election wouldn’t happen again.

Separated the presidential and vice presidential elections

.Slide6

1787: The Framers of the Constitution resolve to select the President by a system of electors.

1800: Parties nominate candidates and pledge electors, resulting in a tie for President.

1804: The 12

th

Amendment requires electors to vote separately for President and Vice President.

How did the process of choosing a President change over time?

Shom More....