Presidential Succession amp the Vice Presidency Presidential Succession Presidential Succession The scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled Article II is vague regarding Presidential successiondoes not explicitly state whether the VP is an Acting President as opposed ID: 799588 Download
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Presentation on theme: "Presidential Succession and Election"— Presentation transcript
Presidential Succession and ElectionSlide2
Presidential Succession & the Vice PresidencySlide3
: The scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled
Article II is vague regarding Presidential succession…does not explicitly state whether the V.P. is an “Acting President” as opposed to a “true” President.
Amendment deals with Presidential and Vice Presidential Succession.Slide4
(47 Total Slides)
Vice President of the United States
Speaker of the House
Paul Ryan (R)3President pro tempore of the SenateOrrin Hatch (R)4Secretary of StateJohn Kerry (D)5Secretary of the TreasuryJack Lew (D)6Secretary of DefenseAsh Carter (D)7Attorney GeneralLoretta Lynch (D)—Secretary of the InteriorSally Jewell (D)[a]8Secretary of AgricultureTom Vilsack (D)9Secretary of CommercePenny Pritzker (D)10Secretary of LaborThomas Perez (D)11Secretary of Health and Human ServicesSylvia Mathews Burwell (D)12Secretary of Housing and Urban DevelopmentJulián Castro (D)13Secretary of TransportationAnthony Foxx (D)14Secretary of EnergyErnest Moniz (D)—Acting Secretary of EducationJohn King, Jr. (D)[b]15Secretary of Veterans AffairsRobert McDonald (R)16Secretary of Homeland SecurityJeh Johnson (D)Jump up^Slide5
Presidential Succession Act of 1947
Congress fixes the order of succession following the V.P.
What about Presidential disability?
President can transfer power in cases of disability, even temporarily.
In 2002, President Bush had surgery for 2 hours. For these 2 hours, Bush transferred his power to V.P. Dick Cheney.Slide6
The Vice Presidency
I am Vice President. In this I am nothing, but I may be everything
.” – John Adams, 1
The most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived
.” John Adams“Honorable and easy” , and “tranquil and unoffending”. Thomas JeffersonThrough much of history, the VP has been treated as an office of little importance.Slide7
The Vice Presidency
President Theodore Roosevelt was annoyed by a chandelier making a tinkling noise. He ordered it to be removed and said:
Take it to the office of the Vice President. He doesn’t have anything to do. It will keep him awake
Yet, the VP is a heartbeat away from becoming the President of the U.S. (8 Presidents have died in office. 1 President has resigned).Slide8
Balance the Ticket
Usually, the presidential candidate picks someone who will
balance the ticket
– which means someone who can strengthen his chance of being elected by virtue of certain ideological, geographic, racial, ethnic, gender, or other characteristics.Slide9
Remember, parties have committees and convention to nominate their candidate for President.
ow does this process begin?
– An election in which a party’s voters choose their preference among various contenders for their party’s presidential nominationSlide10
2016 Republican PrimarySlide11
2016 Democratic PrimarySlide12
Iowa held the first primary this
N.H. holds the first primary of any state every election year, in January.
The N.H. primaries are early indicator of success – so candidates spend a lot of time and money there.
Romney won the 2012 N.H. Primary.Slide13
The Caucus-Convention Process
Not all states have primaries, they use a “caucus-convention” process.
Iowa’s caucus gets the most attention, as it is the first of all caucuses.
Iowa Caucus in 1 Minute
Iowa Caucus: Explain Using CornSlide14
We know how we nominate, but how do we elect?
Founding Fathers gave more time to the method for choosing the President than to any other matter.
gainst the two obvious ways: Electing the President by Congress or Electing the President by a direct vote of the people.Slide15
Why not elect by Congress?
Hamilton said that to elect by way of Congress would be “too much under the legislative thumb.”Slide16
Why not elect by direct vote of the people?
At the time, the process would lead to “tumult and disorder”.
At the time, people were scattered over so wide an area they couldn’t know enough about the available candidates to make informed choices.
The Electoral College
lectoral College is the group of people (electors) chosen from each State and D.C. to formally select the President & V.P.
They case their Electoral Votes, which are votes cast by electors in the electoral college.
otal of 538 votes.
270 are needed to win.
Electoral College Map - 2016Slide19
How do we get those numbers?
Representatives + Senators = # of Electoral Votes
Virginia: 11 Representatives + 2 Senators = 13 Electoral VotesSlide20
Campaign Attention - 2004
(The purple hands represent a visit by a presidential campaign as the election was nearing its end.)
(Each green money sign represents 1 million dollars of campaign money spent as the election was nearing its end.)
Why do you think both presidential campaigns were targeting these states?Slide21
Elections of 1876, 1888,
the winner of the election
win the national popular vote, yet still won the presidency.
If a presidential candidate can win these 11 states:
CA, TX, NY, FL, IL, PA, OH, MI, GA, NJ, and NC
….then he/she will win the Presidency, despite losing the other 39 states.Slide22
On the other hand…
The Electoral College does have some positives:
Example of federalism – An idea our country was founded on. Gives the States a voice.
Prevents urban-centric victories : This means a President winning by simply winning heavily populated areas.Slide23
President must balance many different roles and jobs.
Though the V.P. is thought to be somewhat useless, the V.P. is a heartbeat away from being the President.
The way we nominate and elect our President is rather complex.
ajor controversy of this unit: The Electoral College. Is it fair?