Bellringer “You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against yo

Bellringer “You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against yo Bellringer “You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against yo - Start

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Bellringer “You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against yo




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Presentations text content in Bellringer “You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against yo

Slide1

Bellringer

“You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law…” What landmark Supreme Court decision in 1966 created this required statement?

Slide2

Citizenship

Unit—3 Part—5

Pgs.—

218-224

Slide3

Before—Guess the Lesson

End

Slide4

Guess the Lesson—Possible Answers

Supreme CourtDistrict Courts

Constitution

Law

JudgesJusticesDistricts

Slide5

Learning Goals

ALCOS #5:Compare duties and functions of members of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of Alabama's local and state governments and of the national government.

Goal: Tell me about the purpose and establishment of the judicial branch in the United States.

Slide6

Read—Pgs. 218-222

Read from “Role of the Federal Courts” through “Types of Jurisdiction” then STOP.

3’s: Key Term Keeper (

Make sure you have every key term defined.

)2’s : Key Fact Keeper (Find at least 3 key facts for each part of our lesson.)1’s: Summarizer (Summarize each part of our lesson, 3 sentences for each summary.)

End

Slide7

The judicial branch of the federal government is made up of courts. The role of the courts is to interpret laws and make sure they are enforced fairly.

Article III of the Constitution established the Supreme Court, the nation’s highest court.

Slide8

The Constitution gives Congress the right to establish lower federal courts: district courts to handle trials and

circuit courts to handle appeals. The Supreme Court handles final appeals.The United States has a

dual court

system. Each state has its own court system that is separate from the federal court system.

The goal of the court system is “equal justice under law.” Every person must be treated the same, and everyone is presumed innocent until proven guilty.

Casey Anthony

George Zimmerman

OJ Simpson

Slide9

Federal courts have jurisdiction, or authority, to hear only certain kinds of cases so that they do not interfere with state courts.

Federal courts have jurisdiction over cases involving constitutional issues, federal crimes (such as kidnapping and tax evasion),

disputes between states or between people from two different states

, and

incidents that occur at sea.

Slide10

QARs

What Article in the Constitution establishes the Supreme Court?What are the three levels of courts in the United States?What type of court system does the US have?

End

Slide11

Read—Pgs. 223-224

End

Read from

The Lower Courts

through

“Circuit Courts of Appeals”

then STOP.

1’s: Internet Researcher (

Look up “Democratic Governments” on your phone using Google and find a website with

ONE

key fact pertaining to “Democratic Governments”. Also, list the URL or website address

.)

2’s : Questioner (

Write down three questions that could be used as test questions [Multiple Choice, Matching, True False, etc.] and their answers from the material read.

)

3’s: Graphic Organizer *KWL* (

Before reading, write down ONE thing you already know about the topic above. Also, write down ONE thing you hope to learn more about. After you read, list ONE thing you learned from reading the pages above

.)

Slide12

Issues that involve the federal government, foreign governments, or U.S. diplomats go to federal court.

When either a federal or state court could hear a case, as when state and federal laws overlap, the two courts have concurrent jurisdiction.

Slide13

District courts are the lowest level in the federal system. They have original jurisdiction—they hear cases for the first time—for criminal and civil cases.

The federal circuit courts of appeal serve twelve specific geographic areas. A thirteenth circuit court hears special cases involving patent law, international trade, and other civil cases brought against the United States.

Slide14

Slide15

Circuit courts hear cases appealed from lower courts. They review decisions made in the lower courts to decide whether mistakes were made. Mistakes might include how the judge applied or interpreted the law.

A party who loses a civil case may ask the circuit court to review the decision. In a criminal case, only an accused who is found guilty may appeal.

Slide16

QARs

When either federal courts and/or state courts can hear a case, what type of jurisdiction do they have?How many geographic areas are there is the federal circuit courts of appeal?

End

Slide17

QAR Answers

End

What Article in the Constitution establishes the Supreme Court? TF

Article III

What are the three levels of courts in the United States? MC

District, Circuit, and SupremeWhat type of court system does the US have? TF

Dual Court SystemWhen either federal courts and/or state courts can hear a case, what type of jurisdiction do they have?Concurrent Jurisdiction

How many geographic areas are there in the federal circuit courts of appeal?

12

Slide18

After—3-2-1

End

You are to write(on your job work paper)…

3—New things learned

2—Things

you already knew

1—Question you still have


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