Citizenship. Unit—3 Part—5. Pgs.—. 218-224. Before—Guess the Lesson. End. Guess the Lesson—Possible Answers. Supreme Court. District Courts. Constitution. Law. Judges. Justices. Districts. ID: 659407
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“You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law…” What landmark Supreme Court decision in 1966 created this required statement?Slide2
Before—Guess the Lesson
Guess the Lesson—Possible Answers
Supreme CourtDistrict Courts
ALCOS #5:Compare duties and functions of members of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of Alabama's local and state governments and of the national government.
Goal: Tell me about the purpose and establishment of the judicial branch in the United States.Slide6
Read from “Role of the Federal Courts” through “Types of Jurisdiction” then STOP.
3’s: Key Term Keeper (
Make sure you have every key term defined.
)2’s : Key Fact Keeper (Find at least 3 key facts for each part of our lesson.)1’s: Summarizer (Summarize each part of our lesson, 3 sentences for each summary.)
The judicial branch of the federal government is made up of courts. The role of the courts is to interpret laws and make sure they are enforced fairly.
Article III of the Constitution established the Supreme Court, the nation’s highest court.Slide8
The Constitution gives Congress the right to establish lower federal courts: district courts to handle trials and
circuit courts to handle appeals. The Supreme Court handles final appeals.The United States has a
system. Each state has its own court system that is separate from the federal court system.
The goal of the court system is “equal justice under law.” Every person must be treated the same, and everyone is presumed innocent until proven guilty.
Federal courts have jurisdiction, or authority, to hear only certain kinds of cases so that they do not interfere with state courts.
Federal courts have jurisdiction over cases involving constitutional issues, federal crimes (such as kidnapping and tax evasion),
disputes between states or between people from two different states
incidents that occur at sea.Slide10
What Article in the Constitution establishes the Supreme Court?What are the three levels of courts in the United States?What type of court system does the US have?
The Lower Courts
“Circuit Courts of Appeals”
1’s: Internet Researcher (
Look up “Democratic Governments” on your phone using Google and find a website with
key fact pertaining to “Democratic Governments”. Also, list the URL or website address
2’s : Questioner (
Write down three questions that could be used as test questions [Multiple Choice, Matching, True False, etc.] and their answers from the material read.
3’s: Graphic Organizer *KWL* (
Before reading, write down ONE thing you already know about the topic above. Also, write down ONE thing you hope to learn more about. After you read, list ONE thing you learned from reading the pages above
Issues that involve the federal government, foreign governments, or U.S. diplomats go to federal court.
When either a federal or state court could hear a case, as when state and federal laws overlap, the two courts have concurrent jurisdiction.Slide13
District courts are the lowest level in the federal system. They have original jurisdiction—they hear cases for the first time—for criminal and civil cases.
The federal circuit courts of appeal serve twelve specific geographic areas. A thirteenth circuit court hears special cases involving patent law, international trade, and other civil cases brought against the United States.Slide14Slide15
Circuit courts hear cases appealed from lower courts. They review decisions made in the lower courts to decide whether mistakes were made. Mistakes might include how the judge applied or interpreted the law.
A party who loses a civil case may ask the circuit court to review the decision. In a criminal case, only an accused who is found guilty may appeal.Slide16
When either federal courts and/or state courts can hear a case, what type of jurisdiction do they have?How many geographic areas are there is the federal circuit courts of appeal?
What Article in the Constitution establishes the Supreme Court? TF
What are the three levels of courts in the United States? MC
District, Circuit, and SupremeWhat type of court system does the US have? TF
Dual Court SystemWhen either federal courts and/or state courts can hear a case, what type of jurisdiction do they have?Concurrent Jurisdiction
How many geographic areas are there in the federal circuit courts of appeal?
You are to write(on your job work paper)…
3—New things learned
you already knew
1—Question you still have
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