THE BAY OF PIGS AND THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS PowerPoint Presentation

THE BAY OF PIGS AND THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS PowerPoint Presentation

2017-08-04 100K 100 0 0

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Castro, Khrushchev, Kennedy and the days. that shook the world. THE BAY OF PIGS FIASCO. THE WARNING. “Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success.... ID: 575937

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THE BAY OF PIGS AND THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS

Castro, Khrushchev, Kennedy and the daysthat shook the world

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THE BAY OF PIGS FIASCO

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THE WARNING

“Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty.”

-JFK, inaugural address, 1961

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Background to invasion

Cuba is an island 90 miles off the coast of FloridaIn 1959, Fidel Castro overthrew U.S. backed Fulgencia BatistaCuba’s new gov’t seized plantations, businesses and foreign corporationsU.S. broke diplomatic tiesCastro was supported by theUSSR

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THE PLAN

Upon entering office, JFK was informed of a plan to overthrow Castro that Eisenhower had approved in 1960The CIA trained a group of Cubans in Guatemala to invade Cuba and kill CastroThe thought was the Cuban people would support this and join the revolution

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The Opposition

Some in the U.S. Congress opposed the invasion“To give this activity even covert support is of a piece with the hypocrisy and cynicism for which the U.S. in constantly denouncing the Soviet Union in the United Nations and elsewhere. This point will not be lost on the rest of the world – nor on our own conscience…The Castro regime is a thorn in the flesh; but it is not a dagger in the heart.” Sen. Wm. Fulbright

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THE FIASCO

April 17, 19611,500 U.S. backed invaders land at Bay of Pigs and were overpowered by Cuban troopsJFK refused to allow U.S. planes to provide coverU.S. lost prestige and looked badLatin American countries now suspicious of U.S.

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THE NEXT CRISIS……

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THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS

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BACKGROUND

After the Bay of Pigs fiasco, the Soviet Union, in support of communist Cuba, starts building nuclear missile sites on CubaOctober 16, 1962, U.S. spy planes confirm Strike time for a missile from Cuba to Washington, D.C. – 90 seconds…….

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THE CHOICES

The Soviets deny the sites to the U.N.JFK has to decide what to do…..Advice from his cabinetNegotiate (however this gave more time for the USSR to finish the sites)Invade (however could lead to nuclear war)Blockade Cuba (however could be considered act of war)Bomb missile sites (however could lead to nuclear war)

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THE CHOICE

JFK chose to go with his brother and U.S. Attorney General, Bobby Kennedy’s, advice and blockade CubaThe term used was “quarantine” because a blockade is an act of warAn invasion plan was made just in case it was needed

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THE ANNOUNCEMENT

JFK announced on television on October 22, 1962 that the Soviets were building missile sites in Cuba and the U.S. was going to set up a “quarantine”“The path we have chosen for the present is full of hazards…The cost of freedom is always high – and Americans have always paid it. And one path we shall never choose, and that is the path of surrender or submission.”JFK, TV address, Oct. 22, 1962

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THE WORLD WAITS

Brinkmanship – the two most powerful nations in the world were in a show down that could lead to nuclear warSoviet ships steamed toward the blockade…but reversed courseHowever, the missile sites continued to be built

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RESOLUTION

Oct. 26th Khrushchev, leader of the USSR, sent JFK a letter promising to remove the missile sites if the U.S. removed the blockade and vowed to leave Cuba aloneHowever, the next day, a second letter was delivered also demanding the US remove its missile sites in Turkey

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JFK’S DECISION

Once again upon advice from Bobby, John Kennedy publicly agreed to the first letter sent by the SovietsSecretly we negotiated the removal of our missiles from TurkeyThe world breathed a huge collective sigh of relief………

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AFTEREFFECTS

Efforts to reduce the risk of nuclear warHot line – between US and USSRLimited Test Ban Treaty – banned nuclear testing above ground


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