The Credit Card Industry

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The Credit Card Industry




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Presentations text content in The Credit Card Industry

Slide1

The Credit Card Industry

Ryan Burkard, Giampiero Giunta, AND Ruchi nanda

Slide2

Why Credit Cards?

Complex industry

Well-known advertising campaigns

Relevant to everyone

Slide3

A card association earns revenue from a merchant fee and an interchange fee

Merchant/

Retailer

Merchant Bank /

Processor

Card Association

Issuing

Bank

Consumer

Issuing bank forwards the original charge to the consumer who pays the balance due ($100)

Cardholder Purchase ($100)

Submit charge to merchant bank and then on to card association

Card association forwards charge to card’s issuing bank

Issuing bank submits payment back to association minus an interchange fee (% of transaction) ($99)

Card network submits payment minus a fee (%) back to merchant bank ($98)

Merchant bank gives payment to retailer minus fees

($97.50)

Slide4

Slide5

‡ Giunta, Nanda, & Burkard

Slide6

Porter’s Five Forces

An industry framework used to determine attractiveness and competitive intensity of an industry

Slide7

The Credit

C

ard Issuer Market is Highly Concentrated

Source: Ibisworld

Slide8

The Credit Card Industry has got huge barriers to Entry

Source: Ibisworld

Slide9

The

c

redit card issuer follows a TOP DOG strategy in order to survive

Barriers Ex-Ante

Aggressive Behaviors

High

High

Low

Low

Source: Ibisworld

Slide10

Suppliers and

c

onsumers in the industry have medium bargaining power, putting downward pressure on profitability

Source: Ibisworld

Slide11

The

c

redit card issuer industry is HIGHLY PROTIABLE due to the u

pward pressure on profits from these five forces

Slide12

‡ Giunta, Nanda, & Burkard

Slide13

The card association industry is extremely

concentrated

Source: Ibisworld

Slide14

The credit card association plays the role of a FAT CAT

Source: Ibisworld

Slide15

The credit card association plays the role of a FAT CAT

Barriers Ex-Ante

Aggressive Behaviors

High

High

Low

Low

Source: Ibisworld

Slide16

Suppliers have low bargaining power and consumers have medium bargaining power, putting insignificant pressure on profitability

Source: Ibisworld

Slide17

The credit card association industry is deemed

VERY PROFITABLE

based on these forces

Slide18

Together, the credit card industry is very lucrative and, unsurprisingly, was heavily regulated by Credit Card Act of 2009 and Dodd Frank Wall Street Reform

-16% in credit card issuing

Dodd Frank

Wall

Street Reform

Source: Ibisworld, Bloomberg, Seeking Alpha

Slide19

Advertising Strategies and Raw Data Analysis

‡ Giunta, Nanda, & Burkard

Slide20

After the financial crisis, there has been a significant decrease in consumer spending and advertising allocation…

…resulting in more practical marketing choices

Example

Impact

Less consumer spending

Less

pizzazz, more practical marketing

Quick, concise messaging

Less consumer confidence

Market

reward programs for consumers with ideal credit score

Increased regulation in industry

Market credit cards with lower signing interest rate

Shorter agreements

Effects of financial crisis realized

Source: Bloomberg: Company 10-Ks

Slide21

Total Ad Expenditures of Each Firm

American Express and Capital One have remained with high expenditures.

MasterCard and Visa have dropped significantly in their ad expenditures

We will look further into this.

Slide22

Number of Ads for Each Firm

American Express airs the most ads

SignalingCheapest ads

Visa and MasterCard spent a lot in 2006, however they aired much fewer ads compared with Am EX

Higher profile events?

Olympics, Super Bowl

Visa and MasterCard’s ad expenditures and airings declined a lot

Slide23

Empowered consumers expect marketers to support them “on demand”

The average American household has 10 active credit cards, the average American has 4 active credit cards

The internet allows consumers to easily compare interest rates, rewards, etc. from the comfort of their home

80% of complaints filed with the Consumer Bureau are tied to credit cards

Source: Consumer Bureau

Slide24

Humor Advertising

Slide25

Iconic Advertising

Source: Mastercard 10-K (2002)

Slide26

Card appeal

Personal pictures

Exclusive groups

Philanthropy

Slide27

Sponsorship

Slide28

Social Media/Mobile Advertising

One in four cardholders has become a fan, friend or follower of their credit card brand or issuer

Source: Synergistics Research Corp.

Slide29

Low price point

High price point

Narrow customer base

Broad customer base

Large transactions > fewer customers > better customer service

Many small transactions > connection with banks (no vertical integration)

Slide30

Capital One

treats credit cards as information, data drives its business strategy

Makes key acquisitions in the information technology market: Bundle

Performs about 30, 000 credit card experiments a year

Uses every client interaction, including ads, as an opportunity to cross-sell

Its advertising strategy is a paradox, but not really

Source: Bloomberg News

Slide31

What types of Programs does Capital One Advertise On?

Sports heavy, especially College sports

March Madness

Capital One Bowl

Capital One has a low price point

 target the college aged person

Drama and Adventure TV series

Slide32

For

American Express,

being a customer is not just a transactional mechanism, but a lifestyle choice

Caters to the lifestyle of the customer with the ideal credit score of 760

Entices with exclusive memberships, and shared reputation i.e. gold and black cards

Its advertising strategy is purely complementary

Source: American Express

Slide33

Where does American Express Advertise?

Mostly on Drama/Adventure TV series

Major network TV shows to reach a large number of people.

Reinforces signaling advertising strategy

Slide34

Monthly Advertising of American Express

Strong correlation between years

Heavier advertising towards the

later part of the year

Holiday season: remind shoppers to use their American Express cards to buy the gifts!

Slide35

MasterCard

and

Visa

attract the largest audience by being very involved in all American events and using memorable advertising strategies

Slide36

Where does MasterCard Advertise?

Obviously major cuts in ad spending across the board, except for golf

Why did MasterCard cut spending?

Went public in 2006, possibly advertised very heavily to gain investors’ interest initially

Now taking a similar path to Discover

 less advertising

Increased profits with similar revenues. The stock has performed very well

MasterCard Advertising Program Distribution

Slide37

MasterCard Monthly Advertising Distribution

Drastic changes in overall advertising efforts across all months

Minimal ads in 2010 compared to 2006

Arnold Palmer Invitational presented by MasterCard in

March

Overall, not much of a trend in month-to-month spending

Slide38

Where does Visa Advertise?

Very heavy focus in sports

NFL

Olympics

Slow decline in all other program types

Why such a drop in Spending from ‘06 to ’10?

MasterCard is their main competitor, maybe they don’t need to advertise as much because MasterCard is not.

Prisoner’s Dilemma

Slide39

Visa’s Olympic Ad Campaign

Drop in ad expenditures while consist number of ads

Lower cost for each ad

Still a strong effort in 2010 despite less spending

Less Olympic ad spending contributes to the overall spending reduction of Visa

Slide40

Visa’s Monthly Advertising Distribution

Significant overall decline in Ad Expenditures

Largest Months:

February

October through January

February expenditures are so much higher because of the Olympic ad campaigns

Oct. – Jan. high due to NFL season

Slide41

Investment and Advertising Recommendations

‡ Giunta, Nanda, & Burkard

Slide42

Source: Seeking Alpha

Slide43

The credit card industry should advertise new technologies to connect with young consumers on a new level

Source: Wired.com

Slide44

Questions?


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