Psychiatry  introduction

Psychiatry introduction - Description

Definition , scope , history and classification . Psychiatry . Lecturer. Assistant Professor Uday Khalid . udaykhalid@yahoo.com. . udaykhalid. @. colmed.nahrainuniv.edu.iq. http://colmed.nahrainuniv.edu.iq/. ID: 784680 Download

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Psychiatry introduction

Definition , scope , history and classification . Psychiatry . Lecturer. Assistant Professor Uday Khalid . udaykhalid@yahoo.com. . udaykhalid. @. colmed.nahrainuniv.edu.iq. http://colmed.nahrainuniv.edu.iq/.

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Psychiatry introduction




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Presentation on theme: "Psychiatry introduction"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Psychiatry introduction

Definition , scope , history and classification

Slide2

Psychiatry

Lecturer

Assistant Professor Uday Khalid

udaykhalid@yahoo.com

udaykhalid

@

colmed.nahrainuniv.edu.iq

http://colmed.nahrainuniv.edu.iq/

References

Davidson's clinical practice of medicine

Oxford short textbook of psychiatry

Slide3

Psychiatry

Aims

help student to

be familiar with origin and evolution of the field

get idea about terms , scope ,and epidemiology , , services and classification of mental disorders

Objectives

learn how psychiatry evolved

learn basic terms in the field

know basic knowledge about epidemiology , services and classification

Slide4

Psychiatry

Definition

Terms

Psychiatric disorder

Psychological disorder

Mental disorder

Slide5

Psychiatry ,

Factors of illness

Biological

Psychological

Social

Biopsychosocial

Slide6

Psychiatry

Terms further

Psychiatrist

Psychologist

Social worker

Slide7

Psychiatry

Prevalence

Services

asylum

outpatient and primary health care

referral system

N.B. Stigma

Slide8

Psychiatry

History

History of psychiatry is history of humanity

Ancient Greece , Egypt , Mesopotamia , Rome ,India

super nature , exorcism

Hippocrates four humors

dissection

Slide9

Psychiatry

Middle ages Europe

dark ages , exorcism

Middle ages East

Averroes ,

Rhazis

, Avicenna

Bimaristans

first mental hospitals in history

Slide10

Psychiatry

Dark ages East

exorcism

Enlightenment Europe

modern psychiatry

Slide11

Psychiatry

Neuroses Sigmund

Freud

Anxiety Hysteria Obsessive Compulsive

Psychoses Kraepline , Schneider ,

Blueler

Schizophrenia

manic

depressive psychosis

Slide12

Classification of mental illness

PsychosisVs.Neurosis

Severity

Suffering

Insight

Slide13

Classification of mental illness

Organic Vs. Functional

Organic organic pathology

Functional absence of morbid pathology

Slide14

Classification of mental illness

Syndrome

definition

Two major Classification Systems

International classification of Disease ICD-10

Diagnostic and statistical Manual DSM

V

Slide15

Classification of mental illness

International classification of disease ICD-10

Diagnostic and statistical manual DSM - IV

*Organic mental disorders

 

*Psychoactive substance use disorders

*Schizophrenia

*Mood disorders

*Neurotic disorders

Anxiety disorders

Generalized

Phobias

Panic

Conversion disorders

 

Somatoform disorders

Somatization

hypochondriasis

Stress related disorders

Acute

PTSD

Adjustment disorders

*Syndromes with physiological

Disturbance

Eating

Sleep

Sexual dysfunctions

Puerperium

*Adult personality and behavior

Personality

Sexual orientation and

preference

*Mental retardation

*disorders of psychological

development

specific

pervasive

*childhood syndromes

hyperkinetic disorders

conduct disorders

emotional disorders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Dementia delirium amnesic disorder and other cognitive syndromes

Psychoactive substance use disorders

Schizophrenia

Mood disorders

Anxiety disorders

Generalized

Phobias

Panic

 

*Conversion disorders

* dissociate disorders

Somatoform disorders

Somatization

Hypochondriasis

*Stress related disorders

Acute

PTSD

Adjustment disorders

 

*Eating

Sleep

Purperium

Sexual disorders

 

personality

 

 

 

learning disability

disorders of psychological development

specific

pervasive

*childhood syndromes

hyperkinetic disorders

conduct disorders

emotional disorders

Slide16

Classification of mental illness

Depression & Depressive Disorders

 Anxiety Disorders & Phobias

 Bipolar & Related Disorders

 Schizophrenia & Psychotic Disorders

 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

 Addiction, Substance-Related Disorders & Alcoholism

 PTSD, Trauma & Stress-Related Disorders

 Feeding & Eating Disorders

 Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders

 Dissociative Disorders

 Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders

 Personality Disorders (Axis II)

 Sleep-Wake Disorders

 Sexual Dysfunctions

 Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders

 Neurocognitive Disorders

Slide17

Classification of mental illness

 

Concept of mental illness

Statistical

Cultural

Morbid

Pathological criteria

Slide18

Psychiatry

Lecturer

Assistant Professor Uday Khalid

udaykhalid@yahoo.com

udaykhalid

@

colmed.nahrainuniv.edu.iq

http://colmed.nahrainuniv.edu.iq/

References

Davidson's clinical practice of medicine

Oxford short textbook of psychiatry

Slide19

Psychopathology

Aims

provide an outline of types

provide an outline of descriptive psychopathology

Objectives

students know and define types

they know aspects of descriptive one

know terms and definitions of common phenomena in practice

Slide20

Psychopathology

Psychopathology

Descriptive

form and content

Etiological

Slide21

Psychopathology

Disorders of appearance and behavior

Disorders of speech

Disorders of thinking

Disorders of perception

Disorders of emotion

Disorders of cognitive (intellectual) functions

Disorders of experience of self

Slide22

Appearance and Behavior

Dress

Cleanness

Self care

Facial expression

Activity

Attitude

Eye contact

Movements

tics , chorea , athetosis ,

echopraxia

, waxy flexibility

Slide23

Disorders of

speech

Rate

Slow

Rapid

Relevance

Incoherence

Neologisms

 

 

Slide24

Disorders of thinking

form

retardation

fast

others

schizophrenic formal disorders

lack of association

content

preoccupation

obsession

delusion N/B overvalued idea

 

Slide25

Disorders of thinking

Delusions

primary

sudden delusional idea

delusional perception

delusional memory

secondary

paranoid , persecutory , grandiose ,

jealousy , love , somatic , poverty , nihilistic

Slide26

Disorders of perception

illusion

hallucination

auditory

simple , complex

3

rd

person ,commentary, echo

visual

olfactory

gustatory

tactile

proprioceptive

  ** pseudo hallucinations  

Slide27

Disorders of emotion

abnormal emotional reaction

apprehension

phobia

sadness , depression

happiness ,elation , exaltation, ecstasy, euphoria

apathy

irritability

suspiciousness

Slide28

Disorders of emotion

abnormal expression

lability

emotional incontinence

blunting

incongruity

perplexity

ambivalence

Slide29

Cognitive disorders

Attention

Concentration

Memory

immediate , recent , long term

Intelligence

Insight

Derealiation / depersonalization

dejavu

: ,

jamais

vu:

Slide30

Boundaries of self

Alienation

thought withdrawal

thought insertion

thought broadcasting

Passivity

made act , made feeling , made impulse

made somatic sensation