Presentations text content in cultural Characteristics of North Africa and the Middle East
cultural Characteristics of North Africa and the Middle East
Palestine and Israel
Modern Day Israel
Before 1948, this land was known as Palestine.
After intense feelings of
nationalism, the Jewish people in
Palestine created the country of Israel in 1948.The areas known as
West Bank and the Gaza Strip are where most of the Arab Palestinians live today (
The area known as Golan Heights is a disputed area between
Religion is a divisive force in the Middle East.
The Middle East is the birthplace of 3 monotheistic religions – Judaism, Christianity and Islam.Jews,
Christians and Muslims all claim the city of Jerusalem as a religious heritage site.Slide4
Many people in the Middle East are moving to urban areas (cities) thus resulting in rapid industrialization.The way of life differs greatly in urban areas as opposed to rural areas.
Modernization is centered in urban areas while traditional
life continues in rural areas.Many people in rural areas are living as nomads
– individuals who move from place to place with herds of animals.Slide5
The population is made up of a large percentage of people 15 years or younger.
The population pyramid has a wide base and is shaped like a triangle or pyramid
.Because of the dry climate and the
physical features of the land, the population is not distributed evenly.Slide6
Population Distribution of Middle EastSlide7
Boundary and Territorial Disputes
Western Sahara and Morocco (over resources).Iraq and Kuwait (over oil
).Israel and Syria (for Golan Heights).Turks and the Greeks on the island of
Cyprus (ethnic differences).Slide8
Area that includes parts of Iran, Iraq and Turkey, Syria and the former Soviet Union.The Kurds, an ethnic group, lives in this
region.The Kurds have strong feelings of nationalism and want their own
Arab vs. Non-Arab Countries
The main ethnic group in the Middle East is Arab.
language spoken by the Arabs is
Arabic.Non-Arab countries in the Middle East include Turkey,
Iran and Israel.Slide10
The League of Arab States: Political organization of over 20 Arab nations.Designed to strengthen ties among the members,
coordinate policies, and promote
The art of the region reflects the diversity of religions.
Religious buildings:Mosques (Islam)Churches
Yurts: a circular
tent of felt or skins on a collapsible framework, used by nomads.Slide14
Statues and monuments of the region include:Kaaba (Mecca) – IslamWestern Wall
(Jerusalem) – IslamDome of the Rock (Jerusalem) – IslamChurch of the Holy
Sepulcher (Jerusalem) – Christianity Pyramids – EgyptSlide15
minarets: a tall slender tower attached to a mosque
.Hagias Sophia: Museum in Istanbul, Turkey – a church then a mosque.
Bazaars and suqs: an outdoor
market in an Arab city.Walled CitiesOil