Poonam. . Pokhrel. . Chanrd. . Bilash. . B. hurtel. Saroj. . Ghimire. Sanjay Kumar . Tiwari. Group 6. E. arthquake. Flood . Landslides. Soil erosion . Fire . (wild and . artificial) . Hailstorms. ID: 615340
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ICTs in Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Response
Poonam Pokhrel Chanrd Bilash BhurtelSaroj GhimireSanjay Kumar Tiwari
EarthquakeFlood LandslidesSoil erosion Fire (wild and artificial) HailstormsThunderstormsLightningHailstormsDroughtSnake bitesLandslidesAvalanchesGlacial lake outburst Flood (GLOF) Epidemic disease and infections, etc
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster. The UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction describes it as: the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events. UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, 2007
Disaster Risk ReductionSlide4
In the top 20th list of the most multi-hazard prone countries in the world.Stand 4th in Climate Change VulnerabilityStand 11th in Earthquake VulnerabilityStand 30th in Water Induced disaster line Flood.Global hotspots for geographical and climatic hazards.Other major disasters in Nepal are landslide, fire, drought, epidemic, storm, hailstorm, avalanches, glacier lake out burst flood.
Source: NEOC, MOHASlide5
Fire1386Flood199Landslides 229Wind Storm58Epidemic6Other393
Incidents in DataTable 1: Incident Reports of Apr 14, 2016 to July 15, 2017
(accessed July, 2017Slide7
IncidentLoss of lifeMissingInjured227145453863
Table 2: Incident Reports of Apr 14, 2016 to July 15, 2017
http://drrportal.gov.np/reports (accessed July, 2017)Slide8
IncidentFamiliesHouse DamagesCattle ShedCattle LossPartialFull22711196291020976306427
Table 3: Incident Reports of Apr 14, 2016 to July 15, 2017
Understanding disaster riskStrengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster riskInvesting in disaster risk reduction for resilienceEnhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to ‘Build Back Better’ in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
ICT IN DISASTER
According to Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030Slide11
Natural Calamity (Relief ) Act, 1982 Local Self‐government Act, 1999 devolution of responsibility and authority for DM at the local level‐ DDC, Municipality& VDC.National Strategy on Disaster Risk Management, 2009 National Disaster Response Framework, 2013 Guidance Note on Disaster Preparedness and Response Planning, 2011 National Strategic Action Plan for Search and Rescue, 2014 District Disaster Preparedness and Response PlansDM Act 2063 for an effective DRM effort (pending)
egal and Policy
ramework on DRMSlide12
Lack of Disaster Response lawsLack of coordination among governmental agenciesProper Coordination among local authoritiesAdequate and accurate use of information dissemination
Importance of ICTs in Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Response as one of the major agenda for developing and implementing policies which should act to minimize the casualties of disaster should be realized.Finalize DM Act 2063, which is still pending under cabinet and implement accordingly.