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Pyruvate and Energetics of Glycolysis
C483 Spring 2013
conversion of pyruvate to ethanol also causes the ________.
A) oxidation of NADH
B) production of ADP
C) consumption of O2
D) generation of an ion gradient across mitochondrial membranes
enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of pyruvate to lactate is ________.
B) pyruvate kinase
D) lactate dehydrogenase
Which fate of pyruvate is an anaerobic process?
Formation of alanine
Formation of oxaloacetate
Formation of acetyl CoA
Formation of lactate
Seven of the ten reactions in the glycolytic pathway have free energy values close to zero. What does this tell us about those reactions?
A) They are near equilibrium reactions.
B) They are not control points for pathway regulation.
C) They are reversible reactions.
D) All of the above.
E) None of the above.
Which of the following is false concerning steps 1, 3, and 10 of glycolysis?
All are catalyzed by a kinase.
All involve ATP hydrolysis
All have a negative standard free energy
All have a negative free energy under cellular conditions
All are irreversible steps.
Fate of Pyruvate
The Problem of Anaerobic Metabolism
With oxygen, the NADH produced in glycolysis is re-oxidized back to NAD
/NADH is a co-substrate which means…
If there is no oxygen, glycolysis will stop because…