Researching violence

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2016-02-19 42K 42 0 0

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Researching violence




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Presentations text content in Researching violence

Slide1

Researching violenceand Human Security

Categories-severity-spaces

Slide2

Violence as a proxy for human (insecurity)

HS – fundamental characteristics:

About individuals/groups and their lived experiences

----

violence impacts directly on people

Security and violence socially constituted –

look at social relationships [negative and positive]

HS about components of threats – multiple and interconnected ---

physical safety +material privations; oppression and conflict + dignity, health, environment

etc

; violence = pluralism of threats

HS versus HR or Human Development --- downside risks, vulnerability, sudden disruption and concept of intolerability

----threshold definition + severity criteria

HS about emancipation and empowerment

Slide3

Insecurity...but not inaction

HS about managing

consequences of violence

and understanding the dynamics of those individual strategies

People

who are suffering from, or threatened by, violence,

develop

coping strategies

They are

confronted with numerous

dilemmas

in seeking to

protect

themselves

Violence links to

project

themes

of peace, reconciliation and good governance -

symptom

of a society which

is

insecure

undermines

the rule of

law

destroys

cohesion and

community

increases

social exclusion

denies opportunity and limits

possibility

Slide4

Approaching violence from a HS perspective

Categorise violence – by severity and thresholds

Category 1= life threatening; physical injury

Violence as an event

Category 2= structural [latent, embedded]; by

Violence as process

Category 3= Violations of dignity; symbolic violence

Violence as a permanence/status

Slide5

Violence and HS threats

Categorise by components

Freedom from fear issues

beatings,

lynchings

, armed aggression, persecution, psychological oppression; insecure neighbourhoods; access to justice; environmental hazards

Freedom from want

Impeded in making a living, have safe housing, access to health, safe environment

Right to dignity

Violation of cultural rights and heritage; language, education; ethnic discrimination ;freedoms of association and movement

How are they connected

?

Slide6

Spaces and Security

Violence occurs somewhere

Human Security spatial and

context-driven – components and severity of threat depend on each location

What are the key spaces of insecurity and violence

D

oes the nature of violence – and its severity –depend on its location?

Slide7

Workplace Violence

Forms/severity

Public

Private

Cat 1: physical/direct

Beatings

Accidents

Beatings

accidents

Cat 2: Material/structural

Unsafe

conditions

Discrimination

Urban

slavery

Unsafe conditions

Lack of access to jobs

Cat 3 Dignity

Cultural/symbolic

Marginalisation

Lack of protection

Slide8

Youth violence

Forms/Category

Public

Private

Category

1

Direct

Physical

Street beatings

Gun violence

Trafficking

School violence

Domestic violence

against women

Category 2

Structural

Material

Trafficking

Internet

Social networks

Category 3

Cultural

Dignity

Discrimination

LGBT

Slide9

Forced Displacement

Forms /severity

Public

Private

Category 1

Direct/

Physical

Organised crime

Ethnic

tension

Organised crime

Category 2

Material

Structural

Urban slavery

Urbanisation

Uneven

development

Slums

Urban slavery

Insecure

housing

Category 3

Cultural

Dignity

Destruction of communities

Ghettos

Slide10

ADDING ANOTHER DIMENSION

:

Dialectic and dynamics of violence

----

HS as emancipation and empowerment

Problems, but also responses

Where to look for ways of mitigating violence

Strategies ---

individual , group, national, regional

Opportunities --

if violence shuts down normal life, how can it be re-opened

Research to focus on the counterforce to violence and social exclusion


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