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Do Changes in Traits Imply Changes in Behavior: A Longitudinal ESM Study

Emorie D Beck & Joshua J Jackson. Washington University in St. Louis. Extraversion. Agreeableness. Conscientiousness. Neuroticism. Openness. Trait. Roberts et al., 2006. Trait. (self-reports). State.

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Do Changes in Traits Imply Changes in Behavior: A Longitudinal ESM Study






Presentation on theme: "Do Changes in Traits Imply Changes in Behavior: A Longitudinal ESM Study"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Do Changes in Traits Imply Changes in Behavior: A Longitudinal ESM Study

Emorie D Beck & Joshua J Jackson

Washington University in St. Louis

Slide2

Extraversion

Agreeableness

Conscientiousness

Neuroticism

Openness

Trait

Roberts et al., 2006

Slide3

Trait

(self-reports)

State

Self-Knowledge

Behaviors

Mean-Level Personality

Slide4

Extraversion

Agreeableness

Conscientiousness

Neuroticism

Openness

Trait

Self-Knowledge

Longitudinal Personality Change

Slide5

State

Behaviors

Trait

Self-Knowledge

?

Longitudinal Personality Change

Slide6

Is there stability in state measures across time?

Are there individual differences in change of state measures?

Are state and trait change associated with one another?

Longitudinal Personality Change

Slide7

State

Behaviors

Trait

Self-Knowledge

?

Longitudinal Personality Change

Is there stability in state measures across time?

Are there individual differences in change of state and trait measures?

Are state and trait change associated with one another?

Slide8

I

TE

S

TE

I

SE

S

SE

E

T1

E

T2

E

T3

E

T4

E

T5

E

T6

E

T7

E

T1

E

T4

E

T7

Slide9

Methods

3 waves of ESM responses and 7 waves of survey responses from the Personality and Interpersonal Roles Study (PAIRS)

N = 434 Wash U undergrads, Total ESM assessments N = 18,463 (median = 31 responses)Total survey assessments N = 1301 (median = 3 responses)

Measures

9 items from the Big Five Inventory (BFI)

Procedure

State

: 4 assessments / day for 15 days at 3 time points, 1 year apartTrait

: 1 assessment at 7 time points, 3 months apartTotal Assessment Period: 2 years

Slide10

Trait

T1

Trait

T2

Trait

T3

Trait

T4

Trait

T5

Trait

T6

TraitT7

State

T1

StateT4

StateT7

Extraversion

Agreeableness

Conscientiousness

Neuroticism

Openness

2 Years

Slide11

Results

Slide12

Test-Retest Consistency

Test-Retest

Mean-Level Change

Slope Variances

Correlated Change

Slide13

Mean Level Change

Test-Retest

Mean-Level Change

Slope Variances

Correlated Change

Slide14

Test-Retest

Mean-Level Change

Slope Variances

Correlated Change

Mean Level Change

Slide15

Slope Variances

Test-Retest

Mean-Level Change

Slope Variances

Correlated Change

Slide16

Slope Variances

Test-Retest

Mean-Level Change

Slope Variances

Correlated Change

Slide17

Slope Variances

Test-Retest

Mean-Level Change

Slope Variances

Correlated Change

Slide18

Test-Retest

Mean-Level Change

Slope Variances

Correlated Change

Correlated Change

Slide19

Conclusions

States can be used to measure personality change.

Mean-level change

: not a lot in this sample

Variances:

More variability in trait slopes

 people think they are more mutable than they areCorrelate Change: Moderate slope-slope correlations  change isn’t just in your head

Slide20

Questions?

Special Thanks to:

Josh Jackson

The

PMaD

Lab

(And the people who brought us PAIRS data)

Results:

https://emoriebeck.github.io/Trait-State-Correlated-Change

Data and Code:

https://

github.com

/

emoriebeck

/Trait-State-Correlated-Change