/
Nils: CCB
Nils: CCB

Nils: CCB - PowerPoint Presentation

myesha-ticknor
myesha-ticknor . @myesha-ticknor
Follow
131 views | Public

Nils: CCB - Description

fishery policy officer Feel free to contact me on nilsccbse Baltic ecosystem and Baltic fisheries The Baltic Sea Semiclosed water body strong influence of ID: 540552 Download Presentation

Tags :

fishing fish fishery sea fish fishing sea fishery problem management baltic stocks salmon plan follow bycatch environmental catch total

Share:

Link:

Embed:

Please download the presentation from below link :


Download Presentation - The PPT/PDF document "Nils: CCB" is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.

Presentation on theme: "Nils: CCB"— Presentation transcript

Slide1

Nils: CCB fishery policy officer

Feel

free

to

contact

me

on nils@ccb.seSlide2

Baltic

ecosystem

and Baltic

fisheries

The Baltic Sea:

Semi-closed water body = strong influence of environmental factors“Low” species richnessStrong trophic interactionsPollution/EutrophicationHigh fishing pressureIncreasing competition for space andresources (shipping, wind farms)90% EU Member States (coastal)The players: EU Commission, EU Parliament, BALTFISH (m.s.)Regional Advisory Council (BSAC), fishermen, NGOsSlide3

Main species and stocks in Commercial

fishery

Marine species

Eastern

Cod

Western CodCentral HerringWestern HerringGoR HerringBothnian Sea HerringBothnian Bay HerringSpratMain Basin SalmonGoF SalmonSea troutPlaiceFlounderTurbot

Coastal

/river species

(

also

migratory)Salmon-Sea troutEelWhite fishPerchPikePike PerchBaltic VimbaSeveral other cyprinids like roach, bream

Underlined

have

a TAC = a set

catch

amount

is

decided

by

EU

Member

States

each

year

, the rest

up

to

each

MS Slide4

The

fishing

Length

Class

2012

Vessels < 12 meters (most passive) 4525Vessels >12 meters (25-40m) 767Total

5 292-trend is pointing downward

Catch examples for cod

85% trawl

15% passive gears

Economics in Baltic Sea?

Large or very large vessels targeting

pelagics

(herring/sprat): 92% total weight and 79% of value

Small scale vessels cod, flounder, plaice

etc

: 8% weight and 21 % of value

= if you want to make money: fish for small fish going to fish meal factories!Number of employees in total difficult to calculate because of part time work. In Full Time Equivalents: ca 7300 jobs in total (observe: some of which are not fishing in Baltic only)Slide5

And the

other

stocks?

Baltic salmon: today only

dk

and pl fish at sea. Fi, se. fish salmon close to coast and near rivers (de,ee,lv,lt more a bycatch)Sea trout: often caught with salmon in same gear, bycatch.Whitefish: also targeted with nets and traps (salmon traps) but also bycatchEel: fishing has declined but is ongoing (?). More or less exclusively in traps Slide6

What´s

the problem

with

all

this?

YEARICES ADVICEAdvice TAC (1000

tonnes)Politically set TAC

Actual catches

2005

No fishing

0

42.8 55** 2006

Develop Management plan

< 14.9

49.2

66**

2007

No fishing 0 44.3 51** 2008

No fishing

0

42.3***

42**

2009

Limit (total) landings to 48 600 t

≤ 48.6 49.38*** 48** 2010 Follow management plan 56.8 56.1*** 50 2011 See scenarios - 64.5*** 50 2012 Follow management plan 74.2 74.2*** 51 2013 Follow management plan 65.9 68.7*** 31 ??2014 Follow management plan 70.3 73.4*** 38.5 ??2015 20% reduction in catches 29.08555.8 *** 2016Precautionary approach≤ 29 220

Problem 1:

we

overfish

! science vs fishermen (

example

is

cod

)Slide7

Problem 2:

how we

fish

The way fishing is conducted: trawls

dominateSmall scale fishery with less impacting gears struggle because there is no fish on coasts!More and more fish is taken for fish meal and not human consumption= the small scale fishery is disappearing, creates social impacts and rural towns close down. but

also..

What´s

the problem

with

all

this?Slide8

Bycatch and poor selectivity the

norm, trawls cant catch what they actually are after: catch everything

Gear

destroy and disturb

bottomsFish stocks become stressed enough that their genetic selection change: smaller, spawn earlierWe change the basic structure

of the ecosystem when no more predator fish exist

and

we

are

left with herring and spratBycatch of birds and mammals have drastic effect on abundance (esp. harbour porpoises and observe in nets = otherwise good gears)= The way we fish impact far beyond the fish stocks aloneProblem 3:

side

effects

in

nature

What´s the problem with all this?Slide9

Fishing is one part of many effecting

ecosystems and the environmental goals must be reached – fishery management must lead to Good Environmental Status/healthy stocks

(MSFD/HELCOM)

Fish less and in a low

impact fishery: fishermen with best behavior, good selectivity

and less environmental impact should be allowed to fishCreate more/better protected areas for fish and other wildlifeCCB

main viewsSlide10

Active participation in advisory body (BSAC)

Address Member States in Baltfish

and HELCOM

Continuous contacts with Commission and European

Parliament MEPs

Prepare statements and inputs based on existing rules and science, but also influence new rulesCoordination with other NGOs, joint letter, meeting preparations (CCB members, FISH Sec, WWF, OCEANA, Birdlife)Policy oriented: implementation and development of policy/rules

CCBs work todaySlide11

Thanks

for

listening