Reflection for mentors PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

Reflection for mentors PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

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Reflection for mentors. This presentation provides information and tips to support you in the process of reflecting on practice with your students.. It includes:. Descriptions of reflection and the process of reflection. ID: 606289

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Slide1

Reflection for mentors

Slide2

Reflection for mentors

This presentation provides information and tips to support you in the process of reflecting on practice with your students.

It includes:

Descriptions of reflection and the process of reflection

Why reflection is relevant to you and your students

Skills for reflection

Reflective frameworks

Helping your students to get started with reflection

Ideas for how you could use this as part of your annual mentor update

Slide3

We want to encourage you to:

Get into reflective dialogue with your students.Use reflective frameworks to help you with this.Help your students to think about developing their skills for reflection.Enthuse you to continue to develop as a reflective practitioner yourself.

Slide4

WHAT IS REFLECTION?

Reflection involves reviewing experience from practice so that it can be described, analysed and evaluated. We can then use this to inform and change future practice (Bulman 2013)

Reflection also involves sharing one’s practice with others; this takes courage and open-mindedness and means that we need to be willing to take on board and act on constructive criticism (Dewey 1933)

Simply put - Reflection is a process of making sense of experience in order to move on and do better as a practitioner. (Bulman et al 2012)

Slide5

WHAT does the process of REFLECTION involve?

By engaging in reflection people are usually engaging in a period of

thinking

in order to examine often complex experiences or situations.

The

period of thinking (reflection) allows the individual to

make sense of an experience

, perhaps to

liken

the experience

to other similar experiences

and to

place it in context.

Faced

with complex decisions, thinking it through (reflecting) allows the individual to

separate out the various influencing factors

and to

come to a reasoned decision or course of

action

Clarke and Graham (1996:26)

Slide6

Reflection is significant because…

It can help us to challenge practice rather than ‘working on automatic pilot’.This matters because people matter!We need to deliver AND constructively consider the care we give to our clients.WE NEED TO SUPPORT OUR STUDENTS TO DO THIS.

Slide7

We want to encourage you AND YOUR STUDENTS to:

Critically think about your practiceLearn from your experiencesMake sense of your experiencesCome to understand the effects of your practice

Slide8

In order to:

Learn from your mistakes, because they matter to people.Move on and do better next time.Build up a repertoire of practice experiences that are useful to you.Keep on improving and challenging practice.

Slide9

Skills for reflection

Developing skills for reflection is essential.You will have developed these skills as part of your practitioner and mentor education and as you have progressed in your practice career.They are skills that you can continue to develop and that you can nurture in your students.

Self-awarenessDescriptionCritical AnalysisSynthesisEvaluation

Slide10

Skills for reflection

Self awareness

enables

you

to

analyse feelings

. It

involves honestly examining

how a situation has

effected you

and how

you have effected

the situation

.

Description

involves

recognising

and

recollecting significant

events and key features of an experience and

giving

an

account of the

situation

(TIP: Tell YOUR STORY but try to k

eep focused)

Slide11

SKILLS FOR REFLECTION

Critical Analysis

Examining

the components of a situation, identifying existing knowledge, challenging assumptions and imagining and exploring

alternatives – this can help us to explore the relevance of knowledge to a particular

situation.

Synthesis

Integrating

new knowledge with previous knowledge.

This creative process can help us to

solve problems and to predict

the likely

consequences of actions.

Evaluation

Making a judgement about

the value of something. Synthesis and evaluation are crucial in the development of

new perspectives

Slide12

MORE ON CRITICAL ANALYSIS

Separation of a whole into its component parts; detailed examination of those parts. So we can make judgements about the strengths and weaknesses of the different parts as well as the whole.Identifying existing knowledge relevant to the situation, exploring feelings about the situation. Identifying and challenging assumptions, imagining and exploring other courses of action.

Slide13

SYNTHESIS

Building up ideas into a connected and coherent wholeOriginal thinkingCreativityBuilding on our knowledge, skills and attitudes leads to fresh insights/new perspectives on practice

Slide14

Reflective frameworks

Reflective frameworks are really useful for novices.

The new PAD has some useful frameworks for students to use as well as other tips to help them with their reflection.

We want to encourage you to use these frameworks with students in order to develop and deepen their reflection.

Gibbs Reflective Cycle is most popular amongst our undergraduates and has been updated for you below.

You can encourage your students to use this cycle in their written reflection and also use it to give you a useful structure when you reflect with them.

Slide15

Reflective FRAMEWORKSGibbs (1998) updated by Bulman 2013

Slide16

DESCRIPTION

What happened?Describe what happened. ‘Tell your story.’Keep focused on your description; don’t make judgements or draw conclusions yet.

Slide17

FEELINGS

What were your feelings and how did you react?We need to recognise and challenge our emotions in order to develop sensitive critical thinking about practice.Keep focused on your emotions, think about how you reacted.

Slide18

INITIAL EVALUATION OF THE EXPERIENCE

What was good and bad about the experience? Evaluate your initial feelings and reactions in order to get to the heart of what really concerned you (positive or negative) about the experience. By doing this, you should be able to identify and attend to key issue/s which will allow you to move on to critical analysis. NB: It is important to keep focused, so try to choose just one or two issues. Then you can move on to develop some in-depth critical analysis rather than just ‘skim the surface’ of many.

Slide19

CRITICAL ANALYSIS

What sense did you make of the experience?Critically analyse what was going on. Were people’s experiences similar or different to yours, and in what ways? Do any themes seem to be emerging from your analysis? How do these compare with your previous experiences? Can you challenge any assumptions now? NB: Make use of knowledge/ideas from outside your experience to develop and inform your analysis, e.g. experts, mentors, policy, research, law and ethics, literature, clinical papers, reviews, discussion papers. How do these compare with your experience?

Slide20

CONCLUSIONS

What have you learnt from reflecting on this experience?What have you learnt about: yourself, your self-awareness, your practice?What have you learnt that you would recommend for practice in general (i.e. social, political, cultural, ethical issues)?

Slide21

FINAL EVALUATION AND ACTION PLAN

What would you do differently?What would you do if this type of situation arose again?What steps will you take, based on what you’ve learnt, to develop your future practice?How will you decide if your practice has been improved?

Slide22

Other reflective frameworks in the student PAD

You can use these with your students too!

The

What? Model of Structured Reflection and associated trigger questions (Driscoll 2007)

Reflective

Framework. Stephenson (

1994.179) In: Bulman (2013:237)

John’s

Model of Structured Reflection –

in

Johns

(2009:52)

Slide23

Helping you to get your students STARTED WITH reflection

Encourage them to be curious and ask questions about practice – get them into dialogue.Show them that you are willing to ask questions about your own practice – that you are eager to change and challenge.Work on building up a relationship of trust with your students.Try using reflective frameworks to scaffold and support your reflection with students – it helps when people are novice reflectors

Encourage your students to keep a reflective diary (keep one yourself!)Remember there is information on reflection in the students’ PAD Use what you have learnt on your mentor course about facilitation – support and challenge your students as they reflect on their practiceGet into reflective supervision yourself

Slide24

Your role in relation to the Student’s written reflections in the PAD

Students are encouraged to write at least 2 reflections during their placement, one for the midway review and one for the final review.

Your role is to learn about the student and their experiences from the reflection; it can help inform your assessment of the student.

You are not being asked to ‘mark’ the student’s reflective writing. Unless you are confident you do not have to comment on writing skills;

link lecturers will suggest developments to the student

Slide25

Things you could do to use this presentation as part of your annual mentor update

You could:

Write your own reflective account about how you have supported an aspect of student development.

Consider reading more about reflection or an aspect of reflection such as critical analysis and then bullet point what you have learnt.

Consider learning more about reflection and developing a presentation (power point or poster or written update) for colleagues.

Consider the way you work alongside students and find ways to introduce reflective practice within your pattern of working.

Slide26

References

Bulman, C. (

2013). Getting started on a journey with reflection.

In:

Bulman,C

. and Schutz, S. (

2013)

Bulman, C. (2013) An introduction to reflection. In:

Bulman,C

. and Schutz, S. (2013)

Bulman

, C. & Schutz, S. (

2013) (eds)

Reflective Practice in Nursing

(5th ed). Wiley-Blackwell:

Oxford,

UK.

Bulman, C., Lathlean, J. and Gobbi, M. (2012) The concept of reflection in nursing: Qualitative findings on student and teacher perspectives,

Nurse Education Today

 32 (2012), pp. e8-e13

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2011.10.007

Dewey

, J. (1933).

How We Think: A restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process

. DC Heath and Company, Massachusetts.

Driscoll

, J. (2007)

(ed

.)

Practising Clinical Supervision: A Reflective Approach for Healthcare

Professionals

Bailliere

Tindall: Elsevier, Edinburgh, UK.

Clarke, D.J. and Graham, M. (1996) Reflective practice, the use of reflective diaries by experienced registered nurses.

Nursing Review

.

Vol.15

, Autumn, No.1, 26 - 29.

Johns

, C. (2009)

Becoming a Reflective Practitioner

. Wiley-

Blackwell: Oxford.


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