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Reflection for mentors. This presentation provides information and tips to support you in the process of reflecting on practice with your students.. It includes:. Descriptions of reflection and the process of reflection. ID: 606289Direct Link: Link:https://www.docslides.com/natalia-silvester/reflection-for-mentors- Embed code:
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Reflection for mentorsSlide2
Reflection for mentors
This presentation provides information and tips to support you in the process of reflecting on practice with your students.
Descriptions of reflection and the process of reflection
Why reflection is relevant to you and your students
Skills for reflection
Helping your students to get started with reflection
Ideas for how you could use this as part of your annual mentor updateSlide3
We want to encourage you to:
Get into reflective dialogue with your students.Use reflective frameworks to help you with this.Help your students to think about developing their skills for reflection.Enthuse you to continue to develop as a reflective practitioner yourself.Slide4
WHAT IS REFLECTION?
Reflection involves reviewing experience from practice so that it can be described, analysed and evaluated. We can then use this to inform and change future practice (Bulman 2013)
Reflection also involves sharing one’s practice with others; this takes courage and open-mindedness and means that we need to be willing to take on board and act on constructive criticism (Dewey 1933)
Simply put - Reflection is a process of making sense of experience in order to move on and do better as a practitioner. (Bulman et al 2012)Slide5
WHAT does the process of REFLECTION involve?
By engaging in reflection people are usually engaging in a period of
in order to examine often complex experiences or situations.
period of thinking (reflection) allows the individual to
make sense of an experience
, perhaps to
to other similar experiences
place it in context.
with complex decisions, thinking it through (reflecting) allows the individual to
separate out the various influencing factors
come to a reasoned decision or course of
Clarke and Graham (1996:26)Slide6
Reflection is significant because…
It can help us to challenge practice rather than ‘working on automatic pilot’.This matters because people matter!We need to deliver AND constructively consider the care we give to our clients.WE NEED TO SUPPORT OUR STUDENTS TO DO THIS.Slide7
We want to encourage you AND YOUR STUDENTS to:
Critically think about your practiceLearn from your experiencesMake sense of your experiencesCome to understand the effects of your practiceSlide8
In order to:
Learn from your mistakes, because they matter to people.Move on and do better next time.Build up a repertoire of practice experiences that are useful to you.Keep on improving and challenging practice.Slide9
Skills for reflection
Developing skills for reflection is essential.You will have developed these skills as part of your practitioner and mentor education and as you have progressed in your practice career.They are skills that you can continue to develop and that you can nurture in your students.
Skills for reflection
involves honestly examining
how a situation has
you have effected
events and key features of an experience and
account of the
(TIP: Tell YOUR STORY but try to k
SKILLS FOR REFLECTION
the components of a situation, identifying existing knowledge, challenging assumptions and imagining and exploring
alternatives – this can help us to explore the relevance of knowledge to a particular
new knowledge with previous knowledge.
This creative process can help us to
solve problems and to predict
consequences of actions.
Making a judgement about
the value of something. Synthesis and evaluation are crucial in the development of
MORE ON CRITICAL ANALYSIS
Separation of a whole into its component parts; detailed examination of those parts. So we can make judgements about the strengths and weaknesses of the different parts as well as the whole.Identifying existing knowledge relevant to the situation, exploring feelings about the situation. Identifying and challenging assumptions, imagining and exploring other courses of action.Slide13
Building up ideas into a connected and coherent wholeOriginal thinkingCreativityBuilding on our knowledge, skills and attitudes leads to fresh insights/new perspectives on practiceSlide14
Reflective frameworks are really useful for novices.
The new PAD has some useful frameworks for students to use as well as other tips to help them with their reflection.
We want to encourage you to use these frameworks with students in order to develop and deepen their reflection.
Gibbs Reflective Cycle is most popular amongst our undergraduates and has been updated for you below.
You can encourage your students to use this cycle in their written reflection and also use it to give you a useful structure when you reflect with them.Slide15
Reflective FRAMEWORKSGibbs (1998) updated by Bulman 2013Slide16
What happened?Describe what happened. ‘Tell your story.’Keep focused on your description; don’t make judgements or draw conclusions yet.Slide17
What were your feelings and how did you react?We need to recognise and challenge our emotions in order to develop sensitive critical thinking about practice.Keep focused on your emotions, think about how you reacted.Slide18
INITIAL EVALUATION OF THE EXPERIENCE
What was good and bad about the experience? Evaluate your initial feelings and reactions in order to get to the heart of what really concerned you (positive or negative) about the experience. By doing this, you should be able to identify and attend to key issue/s which will allow you to move on to critical analysis. NB: It is important to keep focused, so try to choose just one or two issues. Then you can move on to develop some in-depth critical analysis rather than just ‘skim the surface’ of many.Slide19
What sense did you make of the experience?Critically analyse what was going on. Were people’s experiences similar or different to yours, and in what ways? Do any themes seem to be emerging from your analysis? How do these compare with your previous experiences? Can you challenge any assumptions now? NB: Make use of knowledge/ideas from outside your experience to develop and inform your analysis, e.g. experts, mentors, policy, research, law and ethics, literature, clinical papers, reviews, discussion papers. How do these compare with your experience?Slide20
What have you learnt from reflecting on this experience?What have you learnt about: yourself, your self-awareness, your practice?What have you learnt that you would recommend for practice in general (i.e. social, political, cultural, ethical issues)?Slide21
FINAL EVALUATION AND ACTION PLAN
What would you do differently?What would you do if this type of situation arose again?What steps will you take, based on what you’ve learnt, to develop your future practice?How will you decide if your practice has been improved?Slide22
Other reflective frameworks in the student PAD
You can use these with your students too!
What? Model of Structured Reflection and associated trigger questions (Driscoll 2007)
Framework. Stephenson (
1994.179) In: Bulman (2013:237)
Model of Structured Reflection –
Helping you to get your students STARTED WITH reflection
Encourage them to be curious and ask questions about practice – get them into dialogue.Show them that you are willing to ask questions about your own practice – that you are eager to change and challenge.Work on building up a relationship of trust with your students.Try using reflective frameworks to scaffold and support your reflection with students – it helps when people are novice reflectors
Encourage your students to keep a reflective diary (keep one yourself!)Remember there is information on reflection in the students’ PAD Use what you have learnt on your mentor course about facilitation – support and challenge your students as they reflect on their practiceGet into reflective supervision yourselfSlide24
Your role in relation to the Student’s written reflections in the PAD
Students are encouraged to write at least 2 reflections during their placement, one for the midway review and one for the final review.
Your role is to learn about the student and their experiences from the reflection; it can help inform your assessment of the student.
You are not being asked to ‘mark’ the student’s reflective writing. Unless you are confident you do not have to comment on writing skills;
link lecturers will suggest developments to the studentSlide25
Things you could do to use this presentation as part of your annual mentor update
Write your own reflective account about how you have supported an aspect of student development.
Consider reading more about reflection or an aspect of reflection such as critical analysis and then bullet point what you have learnt.
Consider learning more about reflection and developing a presentation (power point or poster or written update) for colleagues.
Consider the way you work alongside students and find ways to introduce reflective practice within your pattern of working.Slide26
Bulman, C. (
2013). Getting started on a journey with reflection.
. and Schutz, S. (
Bulman, C. (2013) An introduction to reflection. In:
. and Schutz, S. (2013)
, C. & Schutz, S. (
Reflective Practice in Nursing
(5th ed). Wiley-Blackwell:
Bulman, C., Lathlean, J. and Gobbi, M. (2012) The concept of reflection in nursing: Qualitative findings on student and teacher perspectives,
Nurse Education Today
32 (2012), pp. e8-e13
, J. (1933).
How We Think: A restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process
. DC Heath and Company, Massachusetts.
, J. (2007)
Practising Clinical Supervision: A Reflective Approach for Healthcare
Tindall: Elsevier, Edinburgh, UK.
Clarke, D.J. and Graham, M. (1996) Reflective practice, the use of reflective diaries by experienced registered nurses.
, Autumn, No.1, 26 - 29.
, C. (2009)
Becoming a Reflective Practitioner