Engineering Polymers Blow Moulding of Technical Components Table of Contents Page Why Blow Moulding PDF document - DocSlides

Engineering Polymers Blow Moulding of Technical Components Table of Contents Page Why Blow Moulding PDF document - DocSlides

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2 DuPonts offering 2 Polyester resins 2 Nylon resins 2 Underbonnet components 2 Page Air duct system 3 Cooling circuit system 3 CVJboots and bellows 3 Fuel tanks ID: 22579

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Engineering Polymers Blow Moulding of Technical Components Table of Contents Page Why Blow Moulding ............... 2 DuPonts offering .................... 2 Polyester resins ........................ 2 Nylon resins ............................. 2 Under-bonnet components ....... 2 Page Air duct system ........................ 3 Cooling circuit system 3 CVJ-boots and bellows ............ 3 Fuel tanks ................................. 4 Blow moulding technologies ... 4 Applications ............................. 8 to 15 Start with DuPont
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Why Blow Moulding Cost and weight reduction Recyclability (i.e. replaces rubber) Innovation: Multifunctional parts Reduce number of parts in the engine compartment Higher temperature under the bonnet Easier assembly and disassembly Reduce number of materials Improve engine performance up to 2% (air intake manifolds; air ducts) Reduce noise DuPonts offering in Blow Moulding Resin H YTREL * TPE RASTIN * PBT YTEL * BM PA YTEL 330 Amorphous nylon ELAR * RB Barrier resin Design support CAD support Processing support Polyester resins for Blow Moulding Resins Hardness (shore D) YTREL HTR 8105 47D YTREL HTR 5612 50D YTREL HTR 4275 55D YTREL ETP 1383 62D YTREL with higher melt strength (under development) RASTIN XMB6400 Rockwell (M) 75 RASTIN with higher melt strength (under development) YTREL and C RASTIN PBT are compatible for sequential and multi-layer co-extrusion. They can provide hard and soft segment combinations as well as multi-layer structures. Typical applications: Air ducts, CVJ boots and bellows. * DuPonts registered trademark Nylon resins for Blow Moulding YTEL BM 7300T HSL Unreinforced, toughened PA 6 YTEL BM 73G25T HSL 25% glass reinforced, toughened PA 6 YTEL BM 7300 FN Unreinforced, PA 6 flexible nylon alloy YTEL BM PA 66 based blow mouldable nylons are currently under development: unreinforced, toughened glass reinforced, toughened hydrolysis resistant. YTEL 330 Transparent, amorphous nylon ELAR RB Nylon barrier resin (for use with polyolefins) PA 6 and flexible nylon based resins are compa- tible for sequential and multilayer co-extrusion, to provide hard and soft segment combinations and multi-layer structures. Typical applications: Cooling circuit parts, air ducts, resonators, etc. Blow moulded under-bonnet components Current and potential use for blow moulded DuPont engineering plastics include: Turbo charge ducts Air ducts Clean air Recycled air Crankcase venting hoses Oil cooling pipes and hoses Resonators Coolant system pipes and hoses Coolant reservoirs Air conditioning pipes and hoses
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Air duct system 1) Clean air 2) Crankcase housing venting hose 3) Recycled air 4) Recycled charged air A) Air filter B) Charger C) Heat exchanger for charged air Requirements for air ducts Temperature range 120 140 C petrol engines 140 160 C diesel engines Pressure range 1,2 2 bar charge pressure Chemical resistance Oil, blow-by gas and petrol Typical fatigue test Stress cycles 1000 000 Pulsating pressure range 1,2 2 bar Test medium air Temperature 132 2 C Ambient air temperature 85 5 C Test frequency 0,5 1 Hz Suitable polymers TPE, PBT and nylon depending on individual application. Cooling circuit system A) Coolant radiator 1) Water cooling pipes and hoses A1) Header tanks in Z YTEL 2) Oil circuit pipes and hoses B) Oil cooler 3) Car interior heating hoses C) Air duct 4) Air conditioner pipes and hoses D) Heat exchanger for car interior E) Air conditioner Requirements for cooling circuit Temperature 130 140 C continuous Pressure 2 4 bar Chemical resistance 50/50 glycol water mixture Suitable polymers Polyamides 6 or 66, unfilled and glass reinforced depending on the application. CVJ-boots and bellows Benefits of H YTREL Greater toughness (5 10 times vs. rubber) Longer life cycle Better dimensional stability No ballooning at high speed Superior low temperature flexibility Higher wear resistance Lower permeation of oil and grease Weight reduction against rubber A1 A1
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Fuel tanks with SELAR* RB The DuPont patented laminar barrier technology uses S ELAR RB to blow mould plastic fuel tanks with an integral laminar barrier: 5 7% S ELAR RB is added to HDPE Up to 98% reduction of hydrocarbon emissions Standard blow moulding equipment can be used Industry and government regulations can be met. Petrol tank requirements Europe: Effective Jan.93 all EC countries must meet evaporative emission limits of 2 g/2 h/vehicle. Switzerland, Austria, Sweden require S HED ** test condition. Test petrol contains no alcohols. Commercial petrol may contain up to 3% methanol, 5% ethanol, 15% ethers, with weight limit of 2,8% oxygen. Current requirements in USA: S HED test 2 g/2 h/vehicle. Proposed C ARB ** shed test 2 g/25 h/vehicle for build schedule(by model year): 10% 1995; 30% 1996; 50% 1997; 100% 1998. More States to follow with EPA** approval EPA requires that a new car fulfills the require- ment after 10 years or 100 000 miles OEM's new objectives for petrol tank perme- ation is up to 0,1 g/25 h (50% isooctane and 50% toluene) Ref.-C test petrol. EPA will use EEE petrol without alcohols for the new shed test. Testing with methanol fuel blends is only required for alternative fuel vehicles. Blow moulding technologies Continuous extrusion blow moulding Accumulator head blow moulding Injection blow moulding Multi-layer co-extrusion Sequential co-extrusion (hard/soft combination) 3-dimensional blow moulding 3D Mono layer extrusion 3D Multi-layer co-extrusion 3D Sequential co-extrusion Continuous extrusion The parison is extruded continuously by constantly rotating the screw of the plasticising unit. The process is very simple but requires the use of high melt strength polymers to be able to make long parts. A limitation is often the weight of the parison, as it has a tendency to elongate or collapse under its own weight while being extruded rela- tively slowly out of the die. Continuous extrusion machines are generally lower cost vs. other types. * DuPonts registered trademark ** S HED = Sealed Hose Emission Determination test ARB = Carlifornia Air Resource Bureau EPA = Environmental Protection Agency
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Multi-layer extrusion Equipment is available for continuous extrusion or with accumulator head. Of importance is that sev- eral polymers can be extruded into a multi-layer parison. The thicknesses of the individual layers and the combination of polymers can be varied. The benefit is a structure which only uses the mini- mum amount of each individual polymer to achieve the required properties at the minimum cost. Accumulator head In this process, the screw of the plasticising unit is rotating continuously and accumulates the molten polymer into a cylinder. The melt is then pushed out through the die by a piston in a very short time. This system has one advantage: it allows the use of lower melt strength resins as the parison does not have to hang so long (typically one fifth of the time compared to the continuous process) before being moulded. The machines are however more expen- sive but it is normally offset by more flexibility. Injection blow moulding In this technology, the first step is the injection moulding of a preform. In some types of machines this preform is then blown up in a second stage. In other types of machines, part of the preform (pari- son) is injected and the rest of the process is like the accumulator head system (Press blower). 4-stage injection blow moulding machine: 1) Injection mould 2) Blow mould 3) Stripping 4) Core pin temperature conditioning 3-stage injection blow moulding machine: 1) Injection mould 2) Blow mould 3) Stripping 3-layer coextrusion 1) Main extruder: Inner layer 2) Satellite extruder 1: Middle layer (e.g. recycled material) 3) Sattelite extruder 2: Outer layer (e.g. high heat, abrasion resistant, styling or barrier) Sequential blow moulding Material combination Product line Hard Soft Polyesters C RASTIN *H YTREL /ETP Nylons Z YTEL BM Z YTEL BM 7300 FN Sequential Sequential blow moulding is also beginning to make an impact in the air intake ducting sector. The process is a devel- opment of co-extrusion but rather than extruding an inner and outer layer together it involves, as the name suggests, extruding two different but compatible plastic materials in sequence. Most often, the result is to combine hard and soft sec- tions in a single moulding. Extrusion head schematic Typical sequential moulded part featuring a flexible sec- tion.
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Sequential and multi-layer test Trials where done at a blow moulding machine manufacturer in Bonn, Germany, on a Krupp Kautex Co-Ex machine. The mould is a bellow test mould from Krupp Kautex. Hard Soft Hard Two layer trial inner H YTREL 5612 for good flex performance outer layer is H YTRTEL ETP 1383 for high heat resistance Left Centre Right end bellow end HARD SOFT HARD RASTIN YTREL RASTIN XMB6400 ETP1383 XMB6400 RASTIN YTREL HTR C RASTIN XMB6400 4275 BK XMB6400 YTEL BM Z YTEL BM Z YTEL BM 7300T HSL 7300 FN 7300T HSL YTEL BM Z YTEL BM Z YTEL BM 7300T HSL 7300 FN 7300T HSL 3-dimensional blow moulding In addition to the above processes, 3-dimensional blow moulding adds the possibility to make com- plex 3-dimensional parts. In all the conventional processes, the limitation is the basic straight tube shape of the parison from which any part has to be made. With the various 3-dimensional systems (15 patented processes world wide), the parison can be laid or manipulated in a 3-dimensional shape. Movable Die Mould Movable Die Head The mould starts moving Starting point The mould finishes moving
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3-dimensional blow moulding and 3-dimensional sequential Co-Ex 1) Flexibility of design Curved and complicated plastic pipes can be made with ease in a single process with different types of resins. Different types of resins (hard type and soft type) can be located freely and easily with good adhesion anywhere along the part. 2) Variety of resins Example of resin combination Product line Hard Soft Polyesters C RASTIN YTREL /ETP XMB6400 Nylons Z YTEL BM Z YTEL BM 7300T HSL 7300 FN YTEL BM 73G25T HSL 3) Basic structure of exchange blow moulding 4) Comparison Assembly Parts operations Pipe 2 0 Rubber hose 3 6 Hose band 6 6 Washer 6 6 Bolt 6 6 Total 23 pieces 24 operations Traditional air flow pipe Sequential co-extrusion air flow pipe Assembly Parts operations Pipe 1 2 Rubber hose 0 0 Hose band 2 2 Washer 2 2 Bolt 2 2 Total 7 pieces 8 operations
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Commercial Application Application: Air duct/high pressure/charged Moulder: Helphos OEM: Audi Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Metal inserts VW test temperature 150 C Integrated attachments Hot plate welded side stud Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Kaiser OEM: Audi Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Achieved noise reduction With integrated seal Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW - Corrado Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Air duct with welded-on attachment and metal inserts Commercial Application Application: Bellow La Bonette Moulder: Vhicules Industriels OEM: Renault Grade: LCRYN 2070 BK Status: Commercial Comment: LCRYN 2070 BK was chosen because of its good processing and weathering character- istics
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Commercial Application Application: Venting hose of crank shaft housing Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW - Golf A3 Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Metal inserts Flanges calibrated in the blow moulding process Commercial Application Application: Air cooling duct (1 and 2) Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Duct 1 and 2 are snap-fitted with a blow moulded snap-fit Commercial Application Application: Venting hose of crank shaft housing Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW - Golf A3 Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Metal inserts, integrated shoulder for the attachment clip Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Kaiser OEM: Audi Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Air duct with integrated moulded-in seals
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Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Attachment integrated Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Moulded on attachment Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW - Golf A3 Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Metal inserts moulded on attachment Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Kaiser OEM: Audi Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Replaced ECO and saved about 40% of the component cost due to integrated seals and easier assembly 10
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11 Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Integrated attachment and welded on attachment Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Kayser OEM: Audi Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: This duct replaced ECO and saved about 40% of the component cost due to easier assembly and integrated seals Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Metal inserts Moulded on attachment Test Application Application: Test mould steering bellow Moulder: Krupp Kautex Machine Manufacturer OEM: Grade: YTREL HTR 5612 BK/ YTREL ETP 1383 Status: Test Comment: Co-ex Inside H YTREL HTR 5612 BK for optimal flexibility Outside H YTREL ETP 1383 for high heat resistance
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Commercial Application Application: VW Air ducts Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Several different air ducts Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Helphos OEM: VW Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Integrated attachment Commercial Application Left: H YTREL ; Right: ECO (epichlorhydrin rubber) Application: Air duct Moulder: Kaiser OEM: Audi Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Replaced ECO Test Application Application: Test mould Moulder: Krupp Kautex Machine Manufacturer OEM: Grade: YTEL BM Status: Test Comment: Sequential Co-extrusion 12
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13 Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Kautex UK OEM: Ford - Zeta engine Grade: YTEL BM Status: Commercial Comment: Ford prefers Z YTEL for higher temperature requirement Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Phoenix OEM: VW Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: The crank case vent goes in the studs inte- grated in the part that is why oil resistance at elevated temperature (150 C) is required Commercial Application Application: Resonator Moulder: Kautex UK OEM: Ford - Mondeo Grade: YTEL BM Status: Commercial Comment: Ford prefers Z YTEL for high temperature requirements Test Application Application: Test mould Moulder: Krupp Kautex Machine Manufacturer OEM: Grade: RASTIN XMB 6400 NC/ YTREL ETP 1383 NC Status: Test Comment: Sequential Coex hard ends with C RASTIN XMB 6400 soft bellow made of H YTREL ETP 1383
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Commercial Application Application: Air duct Moulder: Kayser OEM: Audi Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: With integrated moulded-in seals Commercial Application Application: Shock absorber sleeve Moulder: Contitech (Dannenberg) OEM: Mercedes Grade: YTEL BM Status: Commercial Comment: This part had to be in PA 66 to meet HDT requirements. Z YTEL CFE 8005 BK was the only blow moulding nylon 66 resin avail- able to fulfill requirements Commercial Application Application: Crank case venting hose Moulder: Kayser OEM: Audi Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Replaced ECO for easier assembly and lower component cost. Commercial Application Application: CVJ Boot Moulder: Contitech OEM: PSA Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Commercial Comment: In use on the wheel sides. H YTREL was cho- sen because of its excellent low temperature flexibility. 14
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15 Commercial Application Application: CVJ Boot Moulder: Contitech OEM: Ford - Mondeo Grade: YTREL HTR 8105 BK Status: Commercial Comment: Bellows made from H YTREL are used on wheel and engine side, 4 bellows are used on each vehicle Commercial Application Application: CVJ Boot Moulder: Contitech/Mller Werke/Paguag OEM: VW (Golf) Grade: YTREL HTR 8105 BK Status: Commercial Comment: VW choose H YTREL because of excellent low temperature flexibility (no service fail- ure at 50 C). Development Application Application: Lorry cable duct to the cabine. Moulder: OEM: DAF Grade: YTREL HTR 4275 BK Status: Development was not commercialised Comment: Commercial Application Application: Cooling pipe Moulder: OEM: BMW Grade: PA 66, 30% glass reinforced Status: Commercial Comment:
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Benelux Du Pont de Nemours (Belgium) Antoon Spinoystraat 6 B-2800 Mechelen Tel. (15) 44 14 11 Telex 22 554 Telefax (15) 44 14 09 Bulgaria Du Pont Bulgaria 18, Tcherni Vrah Blvd. Bldg. 2, Floor 5 BG-1407 Sofia Tel. (2) 66 59 13/66 57 36 Telex 24 261 DUPONT BG Telefax (2) 65 63 29/66 56 11 Ceskoslovensko Du Pont - Conoco CS Spol. S.R.O. Palc Kultury 5, Kvetna 65 CS-14009 Praha 4 Tel. (02) 422 641 to 422 646 Telex 121 834 DUPO C Telefax (02) 499 209 Danmark Du Pont Danmark Branch of Du Pont Scandinavia AB Parkall 292 DK-2605 Brndby Tel. (43) 63 32 66 Telex 33 263 DUPONT DK Telefax (43) 63 38 33 Deutschland Du Pont de Nemours (Deutschland) GmbH DuPont Strae 1 D-61343 Bad Homburg Tel. (06172) 87 0 Telex 410 676 DPD D Telefax (06172) 87 15 00 Egypt Medgenco International Trade Co. 13, El Bostan Street ET-Cairo Tel. (02) 392 78 66 Telex 93 742 MK UN Telefax (02) 392 84 87 Espaa Du Pont Ibrica S. A. Tuset, 23, 1 E-08006 Barcelona Tel. (3) 200 73 11 Telex 50 887 DUPO E Telefax (3) 414 28 75 France Du Pont de Nemours (France) S.A. 137, rue de lUniversit F-75334 Paris Cedex 07 Tel. (1) 45 50 65 50 Telex 206 772 dupon Telefax (1) 47 53 09 67 Hellas C. G. Lazarakis Ltd Valaoritou Street 17 GR-10671 Athina Tel. (01) 361 84 11 Telex 219 037 LACO GR Telefax (01) 362 09 30 Isral Gadot Chemical Terminals (1985) Ltd. 22, Shalom Aleichem Street IL-633 43 Tel Aviv Tel. (3) 528 62 62 Telex 33 744 GADOT IL Telefax (3) 282 717 Italia Du Pont de Nemours Italiana S. p. A. Via A. Volta, 16 I-20093 Cologno Monzese Mi Tel. (02) 25 302 1 Telex 314 671 DUPIT I Telefax (02) 27 300 969 Magyaroszg Du Pont - Conoco Hungary KFT Theokoely Ut. 137 H-1145 Budapest Tel. (1) 183 51 40 Telex 202 805 DUPON H Telefax (1) 251 43 45 Maroc Deborel Maroc S. A. Rsidence Firdaous 40, boulevard dAnfa - 10 MA-Casablanca Tel. (2) 27 48 75 Telex 23 719 BOUKBEN Telefax (2) 26 54 34 Norge Nordic Polymers A/S Niels Leuchsvei 99 N-1343 Eiksmarka Tel. 67 14 28 70 Telefax 67 14 30 44 sterreich Interowa Frer-Haimendorf KG Bruhausgasse 3-5 A-1050 Wien Tel. (01) 512 35 71 Telex 112 993 IROWA A Telefax (01) 512 35 71 12/ 512 35 71 31 Polska E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. Warsaw Branch Office Intraco Bldg - Floor 13 ul. Stawki 2 PL-00193 Warszawa Tel. (2) 635 04 01 Telex 812 376 DUP PL Telefax (2) 635 07 61 Portugal Mario Coelho Rua do Campo Alegre, 672 - 1 P-4100 Porto Tel. (2) 69 24 25/69 26 64 Telex 23 136 MACOL Telefax (2) 600 02 07 Romania Aectra International Ltd Distributor for DuPont Strada Luterana 2 - 4 Hotel Bucuresti Corp. D2, Etay 2, Ap. 6 Of. Postal 45-13 R-70741 Bucuresti Tel. 14 34 14 Telex 92 512 DPX R Telefax 13 50 75 Russia Du Pont Russia Yuzhinsky Pereulok 13/2 SU-103 104 Moskva Tel. (095) 973 10 01 Telex 413 778 DUMOS SU Telefax (095) 973 24 40 Schweiz/Suisse/Svizzera Dolder AG Immengasse 9 Postfach 14695 CH-4004 Basel Tel. (061) 326 66 00 Telex 962 306 DOL CH Telefax (061) 326 62 04 Slovenija Du Pont de Nemours International S.A. Representative Office 16, Tolstojeva Ulica 61000 Ljubljana, Slovenija Tel. (061) 34 43 93 Telex 31 108 BETI YU Telefax (061) 34 43 93 Suomi/Finland Suomen Du Pont Oy Lapinlahdenkatu 3A 20 (Lappviksgat) PL 237 SF-00181 Helsinki Tel. (90) 694 55 22 Telefax (90) 694 53 11 Sverige Du Pont Scandinavia AB Torshamnsgatan 35 S-164 86 Kista (Stockholm) Tel. (08) 750 37 00 Telex 12 410 DUPONO S Telefax (08) 750 90 41 Trkiye Grillo Maden Ltd. Inonu Caddesi 96/6 TR-80090 Taksim-Istanbul Tel. (1) 149 83 10 Telex 24 271 GILO TR Telefax (1) 144 51 13 United Kingdom Du Pont (U.K.) Limited Maylands Avenue GB-Hemel Hempstead Herts. HP2 7DP Tel. (0442) 21 85 00 Telex 825 713 DUPONT G Telefax (0442) 24 94 63 Asia Pacific Du Pont Asia Pacific Ltd Polymer Products P.O. Box TST 98851 1122 New World Office Bldg - East Wing Salisbury Road Kowloon, Hong Kong Tel. (852) 734 53 45 Telex 46 296 DPTHK HX Telefax (852) 724 44 58 South Africa Du Pont de Nemours International S.A. South African Branch Office 1st Floor Howick Gardens Howick Close, Waterfall Park Vorna Valley Ext. 21, Midrand Box 3332, Halfway House Tel. (11) 315 38 80 Telex 426 513 DUPNT Telefax (11) 315 42 57 USA E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. Wilmington, Delaware 19898 Tel. (302) 774 1000. Telex 67 17 325 DUPONT Requests for further information from countries not listed above should be sent to: Du Pont de Nemours International S.A. 2, chemin du Pavillon CH-1218 Le Grand-Saconnex, Geneva Tel. (022) 717 51 11 Telex 415 777 DUP CH Telefax (022) 717 52 00 01.94 Printed in Switzerland H-53702 For further information contact: This information corresponds to our current knowledge on the subject. It is offered solely to pro- vide possible suggestions for your own experimentations. It is not intended, however, to substi- tute for any testing you may need to conduct to determine for yourself the suitability of our prod- ucts for your particular purposes. This information may be subject to revision as new knowledge and experience becomes available. Since we cannot anticipate all variations in actual end-use conditions, DuPont makes no warranties and assumes no liability in connection with any use of this information. Nothing in this publication is to be considered as a license to operate under or a recommendation to infringe any patent right. Start with DuPont Engineering Polymers

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