HE P ASSIVE V OICE Present Passive Voice Latin use of the Active and Passive Voices corresponds generally to the English use
200K - views

HE P ASSIVE V OICE Present Passive Voice Latin use of the Active and Passive Voices corresponds generally to the English use

The passive forms for present imperfect and future are based on present stems for all conjugations with these personal endings r mur ris mini tur ntur re re ere ere io re portor port ris porttur portmur portmini portantur doceor doc ris doctur docmu

Tags : The passive forms for
Download Pdf

HE P ASSIVE V OICE Present Passive Voice Latin use of the Active and Passive Voices corresponds generally to the English use




Download Pdf - The PPT/PDF document "HE P ASSIVE V OICE Present Passive Voice..." is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.



Presentation on theme: "HE P ASSIVE V OICE Present Passive Voice Latin use of the Active and Passive Voices corresponds generally to the English use"— Presentation transcript:


Page 1
HE P ASSIVE V OICE Present Passive Voice: Latin use of the Active and Passive Voices corresponds generally to the English use. The passive forms for present, imperfect and future are based on present stems for all conjugations, with these personal endings -r -mur -ris -mini -tur -ntur re re -ere -ere (io) re portor port ris porttur portmur portmini portantur doceor doc ris doctur docmur docmin docentur mittor mitteris mittitur mittimur mittimin mittuntur capior caperis capitur capimur capimin capiuntur audior aud ris aud tur aud mur aud min audiuntur Imperfect

Passive: The imperfect passive is formed by inserting -ba- portbar portb ris portbtur portbmur portbmin port bantur docbar docb ris docbtur docbmur docbmin doc bantur mittbar mittb ris mittbtur mittbmur mittbmin mitt bantur capi bar capi b ris capi btur capi bmur capi bmin capi bantur audi bar audi b ris audi btur audi bmur audi bmin audi bantur Future Passive: Formed by inserting -bi- for first and second conjugations, for third and fourth: portbor port beris port bitur port bimur port bimin port buntur docbor doc beris doc bitur

doc bimur doc bimin doc buntur mittar mitt ris mitttur mittmur mittmin mittentur capiar capi ris capi tur capi mur capi min capientur audiar audi ris audi tur audi mur audi min audientur Passive Infintives Change the final -e of the infinitive ending to , except in the third conjugation where the entire infinitive ending becomes portr docr mitt cap aud r Specttrs procul aud r possunt , the spectators can be heard at a distance.
Page 2
Perfect Passive System The perfect system for the passive voice (perfect, pluperfect and future perfect) is formed by

adding a form of esse to the perfect passive participle (the 4th principal part). The perfect passive participle (always nominative) will agree with its subject in number and gender. Perfect Passive (I was carried . . . ): present tense of esse + the perfect passive participle: portatus sum portatus es portatus est portat sumus portat estis portat sunt doctus sum doctus es doctus est doct sumus doct estis doct sunt missum sum missum es missum est miss sumus miss estis miss sunt captus sum captus es captus est capt sumus capt estis capt sunt aud tus sum aud tus es aud tus est

aud t sumus aud t estis aud t sunt Pluperfect Passive (I had been carried . . . ): imperfect tense of esse + the perfect passive participle: portatus eram portatus eras portatus erat portat ermus portat ertis portat erant doctus eram doctus eras doctus erat doct ermus doct ertis doct erant missum eram missum eras missum erat miss ermus miss ertis miss erant captus eram captus eras captus erat capt ermus capt ertis capt erant aud tus eram aud tus eras aud tus erat aud t ermus aud t ertis aud t erant Future Passive (I will have been carried . . . ): future

tense of esse + the perfect passive participle: portatus ero portatus eris portatus erit portat erimus portat eritis portat erunt doctus ero doctus eris doctus erit doct erimus doct eritis doct erunt missum ero missum eris missum erit miss erimus miss eritis miss erunt captus ero captus eris captus erit capt erimus capt eritis capt erunt aud tus ero aud tus eris aud tus erit aud t erimus aud t eritis aud t erunt The perfect passive participle will agree with its subject in number and gender: Vir ab agricol in casam ductus est. The man was led into the house by the

farmer. Virg a vir in casam ducta est. The maiden was led into the house by the man Animal puer in casam ductum est. The animal was led into the house by the boy