The Road to Secession Please take out Quiz 4 and Focus 18. Take the first 10 minutes of class to f PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

The Road to Secession Please take out Quiz 4 and Focus 18.  Take the first 10 minutes of class to f PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

2019-01-31 2K 2 0 0

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Presentations text content in The Road to Secession Please take out Quiz 4 and Focus 18. Take the first 10 minutes of class to f

Slide1

The Road to Secession

Please take out Quiz 4 and Focus 18. Take the first 10 minutes of class to fill out the

Scantron

answer form for the quiz. When you finish, turn in both the

Scantron

and the quiz itself to the cart, plus any “Young Republic” make-up materials (today is the deadline for those).

You can then take a few minutes to wrap up your poster for the Road to Secession presentation. Remember that two representatives from your table are asked to present.

We will:

*complete Quiz #4

*discuss how and why America moved from compromise to Civil War in the years from 1850 to 1860

Slide2

Quiz #4: Chps. 8-10 & Geography

Please take out your take-home quiz and fill in the

Scantron

answer form with the correct answers. Write your name, subject (USH Quiz #4), date (12/20), and block. Turn in both the quiz and

Scantron

to the cart when you finish (name on both).

Help yourself to a cookie/brownie and some juice.

Start working on completing your Road to Secession poster (include Northern and Southern reaction “faces”). Two of you at your table will present.

Unit tests will be returned with retake info and the test essay guide.

Slide3

The Road to Secession

America’s Descent into Civil War 1850-1860

Slide4

Uncle Tom’s Cabin Highlights

the Evils of Slavery

The stronger

Fugitive Slave Act

of 1851

angered many Northerners

and encouraged more activity along the

Underground Railroad, which provided slaves a means of escaping to freedom in CanadaHarriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1852 – the book became a bestseller and awoke Northern readers to the evils of slaveryStowe based the work on extensive research of slavery and slave conditions in the South

Slide5

The Gadsden Purchase & Southern Expansionists

In 1853, President Franklin Pierce’s administration negotiated the

purchase of the southern strip of what is now Arizona and New Mexico from Mexico’s government for $10 million

Secretary of War Jefferson Davis sought the purchase to encourage construction of a

transcontinental railroad

from New Orleans to southern California

Southern expansionists

went even further and

demanded the annexation of Cuba and Central America to help America add more potential slave territory in North America and the CaribbeanThree U.S. ambassadors to Europe formally called on the Pierce administration to annex Cuba in the Ostend Manifesto of 1854; encouraged Southern adventurism in Latin America

Slide6

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

In 1854,

Stephen Douglas proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act

to organize western territories and encourage settlement of the Plains

His

objective was to encourage westward expansion and pave the way for a transcontinental railroad

that would connect Chicago with the Far West

To avoid the issue of slavery, Douglas proposed that each territory be able to choose its own status through “

popular sovereignty” – the idea was that Nebraska would likely want to be a free state and Kansas would vote to be a slave stateThe act further eroded the Missouri Compromise by opening up the possibility of slavery extending north of the “Thirty-Six Thirty” line

Slide7

How would Northerners and Southerners have reacted to the Kansas-Nebraska Act?

Slide8

“Bleeding Kansas”

The

Kansas-Nebraska Act created conflict in Kansas territory between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces

Violence and bloodshed gripped the nation’s attention and foreshadowed the Civil War

Rival governments emerged in Kansas and vied for recognition as the “legitimate” government

Rep. Preston Brooks of SC caned Massachusetts Senator and abolitionist Charles Sumner on the floor of the Senate – the “

Bleeding Sumner

” incident provoked outrage in the North

Slide9

The Election of 1856

The

Whig Party disintegrated

because of disagreements over the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the issue of slavery; many of its anti-slavery supporters gravitated to the

new Republican Party

(founded in 1854 in opposition to the Act)

The

Republicans promoted free-soil and the restriction of slavery’s expansion westward

; they nominated famous general and “pathfinder” John C. Fremont as their first presidential candidate in 1856Other Whigs and some Democrats supported the “Know-Nothing” Party, which campaigned for restrictions on immigration and nominated former President FillmoreThe Democrats united behind James Buchanan, a Northerner who was well liked by Southern Democrats because of his favorable positions on Bleeding Kansas and slavery

Slide10

What were the results of the election? How would Southern Democrats react? How would northern Republicans react?

Slide11

The Dred Scott v.

Sandford

Case

Dred Scott sued for his freedom

, arguing that his master had taken him to free territory for a time and that this made him a free man after his master’s death

The Supreme Court, led by

Chief Justice Roger Taney (a Southerner) argued that

:1. Dred Scott was a slave and could not sue in court because he had no citizenship rights (nor did any other black American)2. The Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional because it had sought to limit slavery to a certain region; the Court argued that owning slaves was a property right that could not be restricted by any territory (or state!)

Slide12

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, challenged Douglas for his Illinois Senate seat in 1858

Their

series of seven debates grabbed national media attention

because the campaign focused on the issue of slavery and the Dred Scott decision

Lincoln argued that slavery was morally wrong and should be limited if not ended altogether

Douglas took the moderate position that slavery should be allowed where people wanted it

(despite Dred Scott) but angered many Northerners and Southerners as a result

Slide13

John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry

John Brown led a group of radicals who attempted to take over the Harper’s Ferry federal armory in October 1959 to prepare for an armed slave revolt

The raid was unsuccessful and resulted in Brown’s capture and trial – he was hung on December 2, 1859

Southerners suspected that Brown had been funded and encouraged by Northern abolitionists

Was Brown a hero or a madman?

Slide14

John Brown: Terrorist or Martyr?

http://

10.120.2.41/SAFARI/montage/play.php?keyindex=119374&location=005849&filetypeid=7

“If

it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of justice, and mingle my blood further with the blood of my children and with the blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel, and unjust enactments-I submit; so let it be done.

-- John

Brown, speaking on November 2, 1859 during his sentencing “I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood.” -- John Brown, in a note left before his execution on December 2, 1859

Slide15

The Election of 1860

Growing tensions over Bleeding Kansas, the Dred Scott decision, and Brown’s raid contributed to

one of the most divisive national elections in American history

The

Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln

to run as a moderate who appealed to free-soil and anti-slavery forces; he beat out the Republican front-runner, Senator William Seward of New York, who was considered too controversial

The

Democrats split over the issue of slavery

– Southern Democrats rejected Stephen Douglas as too moderate on the issue of slavery and nominated John Breckenridge of Kentucky; Northern Democrats nominated DouglasMore moderate Southerners, who wanted to preserve national unity, created the Constitutional Union Party and nominated John Bell of Tennessee

Slide16

Election results: Who won and why? Why did this election contribute directly to Southern secession?

Slide17

Before we leave…

If you have not already done so, please turn in your Civil War exhibit by 4:15 p.m. today

We will pick up with the Civil War when we get back from the break – best wishes for an enjoyable and restful holiday!


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