To binge

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To binge




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Presentations text content in To binge

Slide1

To binge or not to binge?(Goossens & Braet)

Conceptualization

of

binge

eating

: 2 main

criteria

-

L

oss

of control over

eating

(LC)

-

A

mount

of

food

that

was

eaten

during

the

episode

:

objectively

(OBE) versus

subjectively

(SBE) large

LC

seems

most

important

criterion

:

associated

with

elevated

levels

of

eating

- and

psychopathology

and

poor

quality

of life in obese

children

and adolescents (

adds

to

burden

of

obesity

)

As a

symptom

or part of a syndrome (

eating

disorders

)

Reliable

and

validated

instruments

to

assess

OBE and SBE:

ChEDE

-Q for screening,

ChEDE

for diagnoses

Slide2

To binge or not to binge?(Goossens & Braet)

Prevalence

of LC in obese

children

and adolescents

D

ifferences

accross

studies

,

depending

on:

-

definition

: OBE vs. LC

- instruments: self-report vs. Clinical interview

-

sample

: normal

weight

vs.

o

verweight

;

treatment

seeking

vs. non-

treatment

seeking

Interesting

trends

- non-

treatment

seekers

: 14.6 – 20%

-

treatment

seekers

: up to 36%

-

associated

with

higher

degree

of

overweight

-

gender

–and

age

differences

less

pronounced

Slide3

To binge or not to binge?(Goossens & Braet)

Development

and maintenance of

binge

eating

:

two

main

theories

-

Cognitive

Behavioral

Theory

:

Role

of

concerns

about

eating

,

weight

and

shape

and

dietary

restraing

-

Interpersonal

Vulnerability

Theory

:

Role

of

insecure

attachment

, social

problems

,

low

self-

esteem

, and affective

dysregulation

cross-

sectional

,

experimental

and longitudinal

evidence

for the

role

of

these

psychosocial variables

Important to

include

these

variables in

psychological

assessment

of

obesity

Slide4

To binge or not to binge?(Goossens & Braet)

Course and

prognosis

of

binge

eating

:

< few longitudinal

studies

BE

predicts

increased

weight

gain over time

BE

predicts

increased

eating

disorder

attitudes and

even

partial of full

blown

binge

eating

disorder

BE

predicts

increased

psychopathology

(

anxiety

,

depression

)

Slide5

To binge or not to binge?(Goossens & Braet)

Implications for

obesity

practitionners

:

Binge

eating

(BE)

may

serve as important component of screening and

treatment

of

overweight

in

children

and adolescents

Also

crucial to

be

alert

for psychosocial

characteristics

of BE:

dietary

intentions,

emotional

eating

,

low

self-

esteem

, social isolation

Timely

referring

for more in-

dept

assessment

and

treatment

by

specialized

psychologist


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