Best and Innovative Practices in Higher Education Assessmen
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Best and Innovative Practices in Higher Education Assessmen

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Best and Innovative Practices in Higher Education Assessmen




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Presentation on theme: "Best and Innovative Practices in Higher Education Assessmen"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Best and Innovative Practices in Higher Education Assessment

A Hanover Report 2013

Slide2

Hanover Research

In the following report, Hanover Research investigates innovative practices in higher education assessment. Trends and future directions in assessment and accreditation are also discussed.

Slide3

Literature Review

A review available literature on trends and future directions of assessment and accreditation

Slide4

KEY FINDINGS

Slide5

Trends

Provide students with the appropriate information to make enrollment decisions including language that stresses accountability and transparency.

The direction taken by accreditation in the coming years is toward more government involvement and standardization across measures of quality.

Some regional accrediting agencies are preparing for this by providing more structure and guidance to institutions while still allowing for flexibility and innovation.

The future of global higher education accreditation places more emphasis on access and equity, though quality is also a predominant feature.

Slide6

Trends

Faculty that use innovative assessment practices take care to be explicit in communicating learning outcomes and expectations to students, and are deliberate in aligning learning outcomes with valid assessment tools.

A common practice among best practice institutions is to use portfolios and other physical or digital compilations of student achievements to assess learning outcomes. This type of assessment is well poised to make use of emerging technologies such as badges and e-portfolios.

Qualitative reviews such as mentor meetings, committee reviews, and self assessments are also common among the institutions reviewed in this report. These are particularly relevant when evaluating non-technical student learning outcomes that are not easily measured by more traditional assessments.

Slide7

TRENDS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS

Reviewed literature on trends and future directions of assessment and accreditation in higher education.

Primarily focuses on the United States.

Slide8

TRENDS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS

The goal of this section is to identify potential issues related to the future direction of accreditation and assessment in order to assist

institutions

with formulating goals for

Campus-Wide Assessment

Plans.

Slide9

BACKGROUND

CHEA President

Judith Eaton,

“policy

related to accreditation and assessment is being transformed by a variety of

factors”

the federal money at stake

the price of higher education

the expectation of universal access

the press for greater public accountability

the nationalizing of public policy

the immediacy created by electronic technology

Slide10

Factors Driving Discussions around the Future of Accreditation and Assessment

Emphasis on accountability and public demands for evidence of student achievement from colleges and universities.

Slide11

Emerging issues impacting higher education accreditation

From: CHEA International Quality Group

Higher education and quality assurance and relationships with government

Innovations and what some call “disruptive technologies” such as massive open online courses (MOOCs) and open badges , including the for-profit

sector

Slide12

Emerging issues impacting higher education accreditation cont.

Crossborder higher education in its different forms

Regional harmonization of quality assurance as a new development

Rankings and quality assurance

Links between qualifications frameworks and quality assurance

Diversity of private providers

Slide13

FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR ACCREDITATION AND ASSESSMENT

“Our

review of literature relating to the future of higher education accreditation revealed that in the coming years, there is likely to be an increased involvement of the federal government, and, as a result, more regulation of the accreditation process

.”

Slide14

2013 State of the Union supplement

“The

President will call on Congress to consider value, affordability, and student outcomes in making determinations about which colleges and universities receive access to federal student aid, either by incorporating measures of value and affordability into the existing accreditation system; or by establishing a new, alternative system of accreditation that would provide pathways for higher education models and colleges to receive federal student aid based on performance and results

.”

Slide15

National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity (NACIQI)

Final 2012 draft report of recommendations for

Higher

E

ducation

A

ccreditation

R

eauthorization

highlights three key features that describe “how accreditation will be viewed and how the federal government would like it to operate in the future.”

Slide16

NACIQI Report 2012 cont.

It envisions a future role of accreditation as primarily focused on public accountability and consumer protection, with less emphasis on quality improvement.

Call for change in the government role: this feature significantly expands the role of the federal government in judging academic quality as well as establishing standards for quality. Government would determine what is important.

Slide17

NACIQI Report 2012 cont.

Report calls for judgment of academic quality to be increasingly based on common definitions and common data, the report encourages a convergence of accreditation standards.

This

is a significant challenge to the decentralized structure of accreditation as well as the diverse, mission-driven enterprise of higher education itself.

Slide18

Secretary of Education’s Commission on the Future of Higher Education. 2006 issue paper

Describes several recommendations for developing “a national blueprint for transforming accreditation”.

“a national accreditation framework must be developed, one that holds higher education accountable for results.”

Accrediting processes and decisions should strongly emphasize performance outcomes and student-learning outcomes in particular.

Slide19

Secretary of Education’s Commission on the Future of Higher Education. 2006 issue paper cont.

This proposed

N

ational

A

ccreditation

F

ramework

includes three components:

Performance Outcome Measures

. The strongest emphasis would be placed on the demonstration by institutions and programs that they are producing results, especially evidence of student learning.

Slide20

Secretary of Education’s Commission on the Future of Higher Education. 2006 issue paper cont.

2. New Process Standards.

The framework would promote more open and flexible process standards that encourage innovation and diversity in higher education and do not prescribe specific input and process standards (e.g., facilities, faculty). They are flexible because they promote creative solutions that are continuously being changed and adapted and are effective in getting results and promoting continuous improvement.

Slide21

Secretary of Education’s Commission on the Future of Higher Education. 2006 issue paper cont.

3. Continuous Improvement

.

The framework would require institutions and programs to move toward world-class quality and report measurable progress in relationship to their national and international peers. This requirement would be modeled using leading best practices for benchmarking and continuous improvement techniques.

Slide22

Secretary of Education’s Commission on the Future of Higher Education. 2006 issue paper cont.

The second recommendation is to “set expectations and build capacity for measuring student learning.”

The

Commission is in favor of developing “

national standards

for how institutions and programs define and assess their own student learning performance.”

Slide23

Secretary of Education Comm Cont.

Such national standards would address the following:

Defining student learning outcomes.

These standards should require institutions and programs to define their learning outcomes based on their own missions and the input of the employers and other stakeholders. However, these standards should require institutions and programs to use a common format so that similarities and differences are transparent to students, parents, and employers.

Slide24

Secretary of Education Comm cont.

Valid and reliable assessments.

These standards also should establish some requirements for valid and reliable assessments so that accrediting organizations can provide the public some assurance that students receiving degrees or other types of credentials have the skills that institutions and programs claim. 10

Slide25

New Leadership Alliance 2012 Brief

A 2012 brief from the New Leadership Alliance on the future of institutional accountability and assessment provides several guidelines to help institutions “take responsibility for assessing and improving student learning.”

The guidelines below outline actions to be taken to systematically gather evidence of student learning:

Slide26

New Leadership Alliance 2012 Brief

Policies and procedures are in place that describe when, how, and how frequently learning outcomes will be assessed.

Assessment

processes are ongoing, sustainable, and integrated into the work of faculty, administrators, and staff.

Evidence

includes results that can be assessed against an externally informed or benchmarked level of achievement or compared with those of other institutions and programs.

Slide27

New Leadership Alliance 2012 Brief

Evidence also includes assessments of levels of engagement in academically challenging work and active learning practices.

Results can be used to examine differences in performance among significant subgroups of students, such as minority, first-generation, and non-traditional-age students.

Slide28

Trends Among Accrediting Organizations

Nearly all regional accreditors have standards that “include the expectation that institutions clearly state learning outcomes.

Additionally, all regional accreditors expect “institutions to assess stated learning outcomes at all levels with multiple measures,” both direct and indirect, and these measures must be appropriate for what is being assessed.

Slide29

Trends Among Accrediting Organizations

Regional accreditation organizations take care “not to prescribe specific methods or tools for assessing outcomes.

In

fact, each [accrediting body] stressed the diversity of institutions in its region and the need for the assessment process to reflect the concerns of the institution

.

Slide30

Trends Among Accrediting Organizations

All of the accreditors echoed the sentiment that institutions should select the process that works best for them while at the same time institutions should draw on multiple indirect and direct measures for evidence of student learning.

All regional accreditors agreed that institutions should embed the assessment process in activities already taking place on campus.

Slide31

Trends Among Accrediting Organizations

While not prescribing a model, regional accreditors expect that a campus’s assessment activities will be supported by an institutional commitment to the assessment by the institution’s president and other leaders and through funding and other support for assessment activities.