Mahalia. Jackson. Born: Oct. . 26, 1911. New Orleans. Orleans Parish. Louisiana, . USA. Death. : Jan. 27, 1972. Evergreen Park. Cook County. Illinois, USA. Third of . six children . B. orn . in poverty in a three-room "shot-gun" . ID: 596652
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. 26, 1911
: Jan. 27, 1972
Third of six children Born in poverty in a three-room "shot-gun" shackShotgun houses consist of three to five rooms in a row with no hallways and have a narrow, rectangular structure.Father: John A. Jackson, was a stevedore, barber and ministerMother Charity Clark was a maid and laundress; she died when Mahalia was five
singing at 4 years old in the Mount
Brought up in a devout Christian
by the secular sounds of blues artists like Bessie
Teen and older
Moved to Chicago as a teen to study nursing
the Greater Salem Baptist Church and
a member of the Johnson Gospel
started working with Thomas A. Dorsey, a gospel composer; the two performed around the
Had a number
of jobs -- working as a laundress, beautician and flower shop
in 1936, with the two later divorcing.Slide6
Making it Big
recordings in the
success with "Move On Up a Little Higher" in
millions of copies and became the highest selling gospel single in history. She
and television appearances
and went on tour
Performed in Carnegie
Hall on October 4, 1950 to a racially integrated audience.
her own gospel program on the CBS television network in 1954 and scored a pop hit with "Rusty Old Halo."Slide7
1956: debut on The Ed Sullivan Show 1958 appeared at the Newport Jazz Festival in Rhode Island, performing with Duke Ellington and his band. 1959 Jackson appeared in the film Imitation of Life. By the end of the decade, much of Jackson’s work featured crossover production styles; she was an international figure, with a performance itinerary that included singing at President John F. Kennedy’s inauguration.Slide8
Civil Rights Work
Active supporter of the Civil Rights Movement. She Sang at the March on Washington at the request of her friend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in 1963, performing “I Been ‘Buked and I Been Scorned.”Slide9
March on Washington
28, 1963, more than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C., for a political rally known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
by a number of civil rights and religious
to shed light on the political and social challenges African Americans continued to face across the country.
a key moment in the growing struggle for civil rights in the United
in Martin Luther King
"I Have a Dream" speech, a spirited call for racial justice and equality.Slide10
King's death in 1968: sang at his funeral and then largely withdrew from public political activities. 1969, she published her autobiography Movin’ On Up.Hospitalizations for severe health problemsFinal concert in 1971 in Munich, GermanyDied of a heart attack on January 27, 1972. Remembered and loved for her impassioned delivery, her deep commitment to spirituality and her lasting inspiration to listeners of all faiths.
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