How to summarise a text in
63K - views

How to summarise a text in

Similar presentations


Download Presentation

How to summarise a text in




Download Presentation - The PPT/PDF document "How to summarise a text in" is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.



Presentation on theme: "How to summarise a text in"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

How to summarise a text in english…

The smart way…

Slide2

Where to start??

Don’t waste your time on aspects of the text that are

not relevant

to the “topic” or module you’re doing

You should look for evidence from each of your texts which fit with the

ideas and focus of your “topic” or module.

Your summary / research / analysis of a text is as simple as

1,

2

,

3!

1 = locate

2 = select

3 = organise

Slide3

Slide4

For example – imagine that your topic in English is called “perceptions of power and authority”

You will “study” (not just

read)

the set-text to find

all the different ways

that

“POWER AND AUTHORITY”

is shown in:

THE CHARACTERS

– who is powerful? Who is powerless?

THE EVENTS

– which show power over powerlessness?

THE SETTING

– how does the setting(s) cause the powerful groups to stay powerful? Does the setting keep group powerless?

THE OPINIONS OF THE COMPOSER

- about those in power and those who are powerless?

THE RESPONSES FROM THE RESPONDER

– how do you (and others) in different times and places feel about the perceptions of “power and authority” shown in the set text?

*

Perception = insight

– view – opinion – attitude –

awareness

Slide5

locate

Get some

post-it notesCopy each of the main ideas about your topic onto separate post-it notes

The characters – who is powerful? Who is powerless?The events – which show power over powerlessness?The setting – how does the setting(s) cause the powerful groups to stay powerful? Does the setting keep group powerless? The opinions of the composer - about those in power and those who are powerless?The responses from the responder – how do you (and others) in different times and places feel about the perceptions of “power and authority” shown in the set text?

Slide6

As you study / explore your text… locate the best-matched quotation (in your text) to fit your different post-its “post” each post-it note on the evidence you have located – in the text itself.

locate

Your English novels, poetry, non-fiction and even your visual texts should be filled with post it notes!

Slide7

SELECT

How are the character’s perceptions about Power and Authority shown?

Pg ____“………………………………………………………………………………………………………………”

How is society’s perception of power manipulated by the composer

How do language features show people in power?

Pg # __

Slide8

The following pages have some examples (from the English Syllabus) which could be written as headings (statements) for each of your post-it notes. There are many more headings (statements) that you could use– depending on the focus of your task / topic / module.

SELECT

Slide9

The SELECT step is the tricky bit! You have to decide which are the best “headings” you need on your post-itsYou choose your “post-it” headings – depending on your assessment task question. Don’t over-do the headings – too many headings will mean too many chances to miss the whole point of your assessment taskJust stick to the ideas that you need – the right “headings” will match the ideas in your assessment task – and you will succeed!

SELECT

Slide10

You will look for… Personal context – identity / being / individuality / appearance / hobbies Cultural context – customs / leisure activities / work ethicHistorical context – time and place / political era / war:peace / pre:post colonialSocial context – rich : poor / educated : uneducated / social status / manners / language style / leisure activities / appearance

HOW ARE DIFFERENT

PERCEPTIONS

ABOUT

POWER AND AUTHORITY

SHOWN IN THE TEXT?

Slide11

You will look for close and/or distant relationships among:People Places Groups Communities The larger world

HOW DOES YOUR TEXT SHOW ATTITUDES ABOUT POWER AND AUTHORITY GROWING FROM DIFFERENT GROUPS IN SOCIETY:

Slide12

Does your text explore

the possibility of

those in power and authority

improving

a community or

group?

Does it show the idea that those in power

break-down

a community or group?

Slide13

DOES YOUR TEXT EXPLORE THE OPPORTUNITY OF AN INDIVIDUAL TO CHALLENGE (AND OPPOSE) THE POWERFUL COMMUNITY OR GROUP?

Slide14

Do different

narrative voices (characters)

reveal

different perspectives

about power and authority in

different places

over a period of

time

.

Slide15

DOES YOUR TEXT REPRESENT:

AN

INDIVIDUAL’S CHOICE NOT TO BE

IN A POSITION OF POWER OR AUTHORITY?

BARRIERS WHICH PREVENT

AN INDIVIDUAL’S

CHOICE

TO BE IN A POSITION OF POWER OR AUTHORITY?

Slide16

HOW DOES YOUR TEXT

SHOW THAT VIEWS OF POWER AND AUTHORITY CAN BE CREATED THROUGH A VARIETY OF:

LANGUAGE MODES – written /spoken/visual

FORMS –

free-verse / autobiographical / fiction

FEATURES –

metaphors / imagery / etc…

STRUCTURES –

verse / prose /

Slide17

THE RESPONDER

EXPERIENCES AND UNDERSTANDS

THE IDEAS ABOUT POWER AND AUTHORITY BY:

relating

to the text

being separated

from the text

understanding the world that the text represents

having no understanding of the world that the text represents

Slide18

RESPONSES TO YOUR

TEXT ARE PREJUDICED (biased) BY THE WAYS

DIFFERENT VIEWPOINTS

ABOUT POWER AND AUTHORITY ARE:

given a voice, or

absent from the text

Slide19

example

– Wild Cat Falling* By MudroorooHOW DOES Wild Cat Falling* SHOW ATTITUDES ABOUT POWER AND AUTHORITY in DIFFERENT GROUPS IN SOCIETY:

“…pay good cash to see the glorious fakery of blown up life from the United States of Utopia…” (Wild Cat Falling, Mudrooroo) Hyperbole / Sarcasm / Imagery / personal contextMocks the stereotype that in the USA – everything is bigger and better!The persona’s cynical attitude positions the audience to challenge (oppose) the powerful influence of US culture in Australia

Mudrooroo uses hyperbole, sarcasm and imagery in “…pay good cash to see the glorious fakery of blown up life from the United States of Utopia…” to show the persona’s cynical attitude towards the powerful influence of the US culture in contemporary Australia.

Slide20

example

– Wild Cat Falling* By MudroorooHOW DOES Wild Cat Falling* SHOW ATTITUDES ABOUT POWER AND AUTHORITY in DIFFERENT GROUPS IN SOCIETY:

“…

pay good cash to see the glorious fakery of blown up life from the United States of Utopia…” (Wild Cat Falling, Mudrooroo) Hyperbole / Sarcasm / Imagery / personal contextMocks the stereotype that in the USA – everything is bigger and better!The persona’s cynical attitude positions the audience to challenge (oppose) the powerful influence of US culture in Australia

Mudrooroo uses hyperbole, sarcasm and imagery in “…pay good cash to see the glorious fakery of blown up life from the United States of Utopia…” to show the persona’s cynical attitude towards the powerful influence of the US culture in contemporary Australia.

1

2

3

Slide21

Slide22

Slide23

Slide24