Understanding Addiction

Understanding Addiction Understanding Addiction - Start

2017-08-11 109K 109 0 0

Understanding Addiction - Description

Drugs/Alcohol/Pornography/Gambling/Eating Disorders. The 2-Part Brain. Survival Emotions. Moral/Reasoning . Thoughts. Limbic System. Instincts, Memory & Emotion. Basic Instincts:. Air, Food, Water, Procreation. ID: 577777 Download Presentation

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Understanding Addiction




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Presentations text content in Understanding Addiction

Slide1

Understanding AddictionDrugs/Alcohol/Pornography/Gambling/Eating Disorders

Slide2

The 2-Part Brain

Survival Emotions

Moral/Reasoning

Thoughts

Slide3

Limbic SystemInstincts, Memory & Emotion

Basic Instincts:Air, Food, Water, ProcreationPrime Directive: Survival Avoiding Pain Seeking Pleasure No shame - No guilt – No morals – No values

Slide4

Limbic System

Instincts, Memory, & Emotion

Some suggest that 90-95% of our behavior is automatic and comes from the subconscious Limbic regions of our brain.

Slide5

Frontal CortexThoughts, Meaning, & Morals

Higher Functions: Reasoning & MeaningRational & LogicalMorals/Values: Right & Wrong Caring about relationshipsGuilt/RemorseConsequences

Slide6

How Addiction Develops

In our brain, we have 1 quadrillion connections . . .

Slide7

#1 Addiction Neurochemical : Dopamine (DA)

All drugs of abuse and potential compulsive behaviors release Dopamine

Dopamine is at the

heart of all reinforcing experiences

DA is the

neurochemical

of

salience

(it

signals survival

importance)

DA signals reward prediction error

Tells the brain this is “better than expected”

Slide8

#2 Addiction Neurochemical : Glutamate (Glu)

The most abundant

neurochemical

in the brain

Critical in

memory formation

& consolidation

All drugs of abuse and many addicting behaviors effect Glutamate which

preserves

drug memories and

creates drug cues

And … glutamate is the

neurochemical

of “motivation” (it initiates

drug seeking

)

Slide9

The Flash Flood Effect

of Dopamine & Glutamate

Slide10

Flash Flood Effect on Brain

Frontal Lobe Hijacked

(lose moral reasoning)

Stimulation>Survival

(feel like we will die w/o it)

Raises Thermostat

(depression & despair)

Damages

Neuropathways

(creates brain disease)

Relationships

(distorted)

Event is Deeply Imbedded

(remembered forever)

Slide11

Frontal Lobe Functions Get Hijacked(disrupting moral and consequential reasoning)

Reasoning & MeaningRational & LogicalMorals/ValuesRight & WrongCaring about relationshipsGuilt/RemorseConsequences

Slide12

Stimulation > Survival

Primary Function of the Limbic System:

1. Survival

Avoiding Pain

Seeking Pleasure

Slide13

Stimulation > Survival

Primary Function of the Limbic System:

1.

Drug/

Porn Stimulation

2. Survival

Avoiding Pain

Seeking Pleasure

Slide14

Raises the Pleasure Thermostat

Pleasure

Thermostat

Slide15

Raises the Pleasure Thermostat

New

PleasureThermostat

“Once is too much, and a thousand times is never enough.”

Why

?

Slide16

Damages Neuropathways Creating A Brain Disease

The MedicalDisease Model(a CAUSAL model)

Slide17

Slide18

Distorts theFunction of Relationships

Human beings are objectified (viewed as

mere objects)

Love is replaced by lust

Meaningful relationships are over-run by cyber

fantasies

Promotes isolation

Leaves basic human relational needs unfulfilled

Slide19

Event is Deeply Imbedded in the Memory

“Pornographic or erotic stories and pictures are worse than filthy or polluted food. The body has defenses to rid itself of unwholesome food. With a few fatal exceptions, bad food will only make you sick but do not permanent harm. In contrast, a person who feasts upon filthy stories or pornographic or erotic pictures and literature , records them in this marvelous retrieval system we call a brain. The brain won’t vomit back filth. Once recorded, it will always remain subject to recall, flashing its perverted images across your mind and drawing you away from the wholesome things in life” (Elder

Dallin

H. Oaks,

Liahona

, May 2005).

Slide20

Goal: Change Behavior and Nature

The change in your behavior will largely be determined by a commitment to small and simple actions that are repeated each day for an extended period of time.

A change in our

nature

(through Christ) happens each time we feel the Spirit: “The only change that really matters is a change of heart. Every other change alters us cosmetically, but not fundamentally. It changes the way we appear, but not who we are. In the end, if we don’t make that change, it will not matter what other changes we have chosen”

(C. Terry Warner, Bonds, 00.2).


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