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Urbanisation The Growth of Towns and Cities Urbanisation The Growth of Towns and Cities

Urbanisation The Growth of Towns and Cities - PowerPoint Presentation

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Urbanisation The Growth of Towns and Cities - PPT Presentation

Economic urban areas are market centres for the buying and selling of Goods and Services Administrative urban areas are the places from which the surrounding area is governed eg Carrickmacross ID: 638059

city urban people cities urban city cities people areas dublin residential housing problems tallaght cbd shops area land irish

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Slide1

Urbanisation

The Growth of Towns and CitiesSlide2

Economic – urban areas are market centres for the buying and selling of Goods and Services

Administrative – urban areas are the places from which the surrounding area is governed e.g.

Carrickmacross Town CouncilSocial Activities – Cinemas, pubs, theatres, sportsgrounds etc.

Activities in towns and citiesSlide3

The Development of DublinSlide4

Founded around

980 AD

by Viking TradersOriginally a small settlement around a dark pool – Dubh Linn – where Temple Bar is nowVery few traces exist today as buildings were made of wood

Dublin’s HistorySlide5

1169 – arrival of Anglo Normans. Built stone buildings such as Dublin Castle, Christchurch and St. Patrick’s Cathedral

Started period of English control of Ireland

Dublin’s HistorySlide6

Dublin’s History

1500 to 1800 – English control grew, Trinity College and much of

Georgian (redbrick) city builtSlide7

1800 to 1900 – After losing its Parliament, Dublin declined in importance. Slums called

tenements

grew. Development of Canals and Railways connected Dublin to the rest of Ireland

Dublin’s HistorySlide8

Dublin’s History

Rapid development after independence – development of roads and railways increased ease of transport, high birth rates and inward migration increased populationSlide9
Slide10

The

Central Business District

– banks, department stores and shopping is found here. Very few people live in the CBD. Land here is expensive – buildings are tall to maximise land useFunctional Zones in CitiesSlide11

Outlying shopping areas – to discourage unnecessary travel and traffic congestion some shopping areas have developed outside the CBD

Functional Zones in CitiesSlide12

Factories are located in

Industrial Estates

at the edge of urban areas. There are several reasons for this:Land is cheaper on the outskirtsAccess and transport is easier outside townsThere are less complaints from residents as factories are kept away from houses

Workers are available in nearby residential areas

Often near ports or airports

Functional Zones in CitiesSlide13

Residential Areas –

Most people today live in housing estates which are quieter and safer than the CBD or industrial zones. Types of housing can vary a great deal here.

Also Called suburbs (Sub-Urban)Functional Zones in CitiesSlide14

Open Space –

Urban areas require open public spaces where people can relax and play in safety.

Functional Zones in CitiesSlide15
Slide16
Slide17

Paris – a world citySlide18

Paris CBDSlide19

Residential areas - ApartmentsSlide20

People travel from satellite towns to the city for work

Lower land values mean homes are often cheaper here

Irish Example: Leixlip. French Example: Marne-La-Valee

Satellite townsSlide21

Industries in ParisSlide22
Slide23

Open Space in ParisSlide24

Land Values are

highest

in the CBD and most businesses that locate here need lots of customers buying services or small goods.Eg. Law Companies, Department Stores etc.Outside the city, lower land values

encourage companies selling bulky products to set up

Eg

. Car dealers, builder providers, etc.

Land ValuesSlide25

Residential Accommodation in Irish CitiesSlide26

Residential Accommodation in Irish CitiesSlide27

Residential Accommodation in Irish CitiesSlide28

Residential Accommodation in Irish CitiesSlide29

Residential Accommodation in Irish CitiesSlide30

Residential Accommodation in Irish CitiesSlide31

Old Houses -

Two Up, Two Down

– Two bedrooms upstairs, two rooms downstairs, toilet in back garden!Modern Materials – today’s houses are better constructed and better insulated

Central Heating has replaced open fires

More bedrooms, bathrooms and toilets

Residential AccommodationSlide32

Rush Hour –

when most commuters are either going to work (before 9AM) or going home (after 5.30 PM approx)

In London people have to pay extra to drive into the city at this timeIn Dublin,

cars are banned from certain streets at this time.

This is designed to stop

Traffic Congestion

Commuting to workSlide33

Discouraging TrafficSlide34

Public Transport In DublinSlide35
Slide36

2003 Higher Level PaperSlide37

2011 Higher Level PaperSlide38

Decline of the Inner City:

As cars become more common, people move out of the inner city which then becomes run down

Urban ProblemsSlide39
Slide40

URBAN DECLINE SOLUTIONS

URBAN REDEVELOPMENT

It involves the rebuilding of a decaying areas for new uses like shops, offices and entertainment.

Eg

Dublin Docklands

URBAN RENEWAL

It involves improving existing communities by refurbishing and providing better facilities. Encourages people to stay in a community.

Case Study: Fatima Mansions

What were

Fatime

Mansions

What problems faced Fatima Mansions?

List at least 2 ways Fatima Mansions has been improved?Slide41

URBAN REDEVELOPMENT

Is used to tackle inner city decay.

It involves the rebuilding of a decaying areas for new uses like shops, offices and entertainment. Eg Dublin DocklandsSlide42
Slide43

URBAN RENEWAL

Is used to tackle inner city decay.

It involves improving existing communities by refurbishing and providing better facilities.Slide44
Slide45

URBAN SPRAWL SOLUTIONS

NEW TOWNS

Build a new town at the city edge so people are concentrated into one area rather than spread out.

Case Study:

Tallaght

What is meant by planned?

Give two reasons why people do not need to drive into

dublin

city centre everyday?

What facilities does

Tallaght

have?Slide46

KOLKATASlide47
Slide48

BUSTEESlide49

TRANSPORTSlide50

WATERSlide51

SANITATIONSlide52

EDUCATIONSlide53

Urban Problems

As the population of the

inner city moves to the suburbs, the area goes into decline and becomes run downSlide54

Urban Sprawl – this refers to the rapid growth of a city outward, usually as a result of housing growth

Urban ProblemsSlide55

Unemployment – many factories have now moved out of the CBD, leading to unemployment for inner city communities. Also many Inner City residents drop out of school and have few skills.

Urban ProblemsSlide56

Crime – a major problem in inner cities is a high crime rate, often fuelled by drug dealing

Urban ProblemsSlide57

Community Disruption – when people move out of cities, it breaks connections between families and neighbours

Ballymun

in Dublin was a failed housing development because it broke connections between families Urban ProblemsSlide58

Urban Renewal – tearing down old shops and housing and putting up new shops

AND

housing in its place. Original residents move into new homes in the same area. Example: BallymunUrban Redevelopment – tearing down old shops and housing and putting up new shops

ONLY.

Original residents move

out

of the area. Example: Jervis Street, Dublin

In redevelopment, the function of the area changes.

Urban ImprovementSlide59

Ballymun

– demolish old homes, build new onesSlide60

Jervis StreetSlide61

Fatima Mansions – before renewalSlide62

Fatima Mansions – after renewalSlide63
Slide64

Urban Sprawl – where residential areas spread far out from the CBD

Housing ONLY – this makes it difficult to get jobs in the area – v few shops/factories - leads to urban problems (crime, drugs etc.)

New Towns – managing urban sprawlSlide65

Tallaght

– once a small village it grew rapidly in the 1970s as people moved to it from inner city Dublin and the rest of the country

New Towns – managing urban sprawlSlide66
Slide67

Very spread out town – hard to get around easily

Very few services – just like a gigantic housing estate with little else

Few jobs – people left Tallaght to work in other parts of DublinAfter falling into decline in the 1980s it was decided to develop new jobs and services in

Tallaght

Tallaght

in the 1970s and 80sSlide68

LUAS provides easy access

New Developments – provides jobs and leisure opportunities

New educational facilities (Tallaght Institute of Technology)Sporting Facilities (Shamrock Rovers)

Tallaght

todaySlide69
Slide70
Slide71
Slide72

2005 Junior Cert QuestionSlide73

Adamstown – a planned new townSlide74
Slide75

Urbanisation in the Developing World

ProblemsSlide76

Same city, different life….Slide77

Overloaded

infrastructureSlide78
Slide79
Slide80

2010 Junior Cert Question