Conceptual Modeling of the Healthcare Ecosystem - PowerPoint Presentation

Conceptual Modeling of the Healthcare Ecosystem
Conceptual Modeling of the Healthcare Ecosystem

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Eng Andrei Vasilateanu Overview Challenges faced by healthcare systems New paradigms in healthcare Conceptual modeling and system engineering Digital Healthcare Ecosystem DHE Conceptual model of the DHE ID: 803668 Download

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ecosystem digital healthcare health digital ecosystem health healthcare system information business state patient systems model models sectors chronic components

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Presentation on theme: "Conceptual Modeling of the Healthcare Ecosystem"— Presentation transcript


Slide1

Conceptual Modeling of the Healthcare Ecosystem

Eng. Andrei Vasilateanu

Slide2

Overview

Challenges

faced by healthcare systems

New paradigms in healthcare

Conceptual modeling and system engineering

Digital Healthcare Ecosystem (DHE)

Conceptual model of the DHE

Slide3

Challenges in healthcare

Increasing expenses, low quality of medical services

Slide4

Causes

Structural changes in the population:

By 2050

number of older people in less developed countries is projected to more than quadruple (from 374 million in 2000 to 1570 million)

proportion of very old people (over 80 years old) will constitute 10% of the population in Europe as opposed to only 3% today.

results in increasing pressures on the healthcare system

Slide5

Changes in disease prevalence: chronic vs acuteHealthcare systems designed to treat acute diseases

Today most deaths caused by chronic diseases

Slide6

New paradigms in healthcare

Changing the role of the patient -> first-class actor in his healthcare process

Patient empowerment : educated patient, able to make informed decisions

Continuity of care: informational, management, relational continuity

Team care: multidisciplinary and cross-organizational

Slide7

E-health

an emerging field in the intersection of medical informatics, public health and business, referring to health services and information delivered or enhanced through the Internet and related technologies.

In a broader sense, the term characterizes not only a technical development, but also a

state of the mind

, a

way of thinking

, an

attitude

, and a

commitment for networked, global thinking

to improve Health-care locally, regionally, and worldwide by using information and communication technology.

Slide8

Large spectrum of computer-based applications

Basic

Advanced

Intermediate

Hospital Information Systems

Clinical Information Systems

Chronic Disease

Public Health Surveillance

Electronic Health Records

Telemedicine

Slide9

Models in System Engineering

Model = semantically closed abstraction of a subject system

Model purposes:

Visualize and communicate to others a system

Specify the structure and behavior of a system

Give a template for constructing

a system

Document

the design decisions

Slide10

Model Driven Architecture

Software development process

Architecture = specification of the components and connectors of the system and the constraints and rules for the interactions between the components

Defines what models to be used and their relationship, creates 3 viewpoints:

Computation independent viewpoint

Platform independent viewpoint

Platform specific viewpoint

Slide11

Digital Ecosystems

Natural life ecosystem

= a biological community of interacting organisms plus their physical

environment

Digital species

Digital

environment

New business

models

in the t

hree

sectors of the Digital Ecosystem (telecommunications, media and IT industries):

Ecosystem

players

could spend more effort in identifying the next areas of welfare creation that can be targeted in all sectors of the economy, thus generating additional value for the industry to share in. Sectors such as healthcare, logistics

, transportation, financial services, education, and retail are all likely to present significant opportunities to leading companies within the digital ecosystem in the coming years. Indeed, shifting focus away from competing within their existing boundaries to solving pressing social and business problems in these sectors may afford participants in the TC, ME and IT industries opportunities to collaborate and grow their collective and individual profit pools.” (Michele Luzi and Jennifer Binder-Le Pape: EMERGING “DIGITAL ECOSYSTEM BUSINESS MODELS AT THE CONFLUENCE OF THE IT, TELECOM, AND MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRIES”, GOVERNORS MEETING FOR THE DIGITAL ECOSYSTEM)The Digital Ecosystem is the space formed by the convergence of the media, telecoms and IT industries. It consists of users, companies, governments and civil society, as well as the infrastructure that enables digital interactions.

Slide12

Ecosystem Characteristics

One of the most important features of biosystems is how they are able to maintain local order (low entropy) within their system boundaries.

Ecosystems grow and develop in four progressive growth forms reflected in: boundary, structure, network, and information relationships.

Slide13

Digital species:

autonomous, proactive and adaptive entities

Organized in digital communities

Peer to peer interactions through information flows

Existing digital components can be equipped with digital organs to function in the DE

Slide14

Digital ecosystems are “the dynamic and synergetic complex of Digital Communities consisting of interconnected, interrelated and interdependent Digital Species situated in a Digital Environment, that interact as a functional unit and are linked together through actions, information and transaction flows.”

Slide15

Virtualization of the Business Ecosystem

Slide16

Digital Healthcare Ecosystem

Slide17

Reflection of the healthcare ecosystem

Slide18

Modeling the health state

Health state = mental representation or abstract object

Reflection in our digital system of the real state of the patient

Tends to minimize the gap between reality and representation by accumulation of observations

Slide19

Layers of abstraction

Health issue, health condition, health state

Slide20

Thank you !

Shom More....