Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan - Description

Background info…. Afghan Communist Party founded in 1965.. Communist Party took control in a Soviet backed military coup in 1978.. Party never had much support, especially in the rural areas.. In a short time, Afghan Rebels had control of 22 of 28 Afghan provinces.. ID: 462347 Download Presentation

216K - views

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

Background info…. Afghan Communist Party founded in 1965.. Communist Party took control in a Soviet backed military coup in 1978.. Party never had much support, especially in the rural areas.. In a short time, Afghan Rebels had control of 22 of 28 Afghan provinces..

Similar presentations


Download Presentation

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan




Download Presentation - The PPT/PDF document "Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan" is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.



Presentation on theme: "Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

Slide2

Slide3

Background info…

Afghan Communist Party founded in 1965.

Communist Party took control in a Soviet backed military coup in 1978.

Party never had much support, especially in the rural areas.

In a short time, Afghan Rebels had control of 22 of 28 Afghan provinces.

Slide4

Slide5

Slide6

Why was communism so unpopular in Afghanistan?

1. Promoted secularism.

- Separation of religion and politics

2. Tax collection was rejected by the rural Afghans.

3. Collectivization of land was rejected.

- Afghans very religious (Islam)

Slide7

Why did the Soviet Union invade Afghanistan?

The idea to invade Afghanistan was first rejected by the Soviets in the spring of 1979.

High level Soviet officials (Troika) thought it would be too risky.

Slide8

Why did the Soviet Union invade Afghanistan?

1. Fear of US influence in the region.

The KGB thought the US might place nuclear weapons there.

New Afghan Communist Party Leader wanted closer ties to the US (Tito?)

US lost Iran (Iranian Revolution), might try to win/invade Afghanistan.

Soviets wanted to avoid being encircled.

Slide9

2. Over confidence.

- Had

the impression they were

invincible (Hungarian Revolution ‘56, Prague Spring ‘68).

Slide10

3. Worried about Extremist Islam

If Afghan Muslims were successful against the Soviets, others might follow.

Slide11

1. Stinger Missiles

Why did the Soviet Union lose?

2. Mujahedeen

3. Economic Troubles ($8 Billion per year)

- Shoulder operated missiles that could shoot down aircraft.

- Very motivated, heavily funded (CIA, Pakistan, Iran ) and used guerrilla tactics.

- Controlled the countryside

Slide12

Slide13

The United States boycotts the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow to protest the Soviet invasion.

Withdraw in one month or we boycott the games!

Slide14

The United States (CIA) helped supply the Mujahedeen with military hardware to fight the Soviet Union.

Slide15

Slide16

- Gorbachev announced Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan February 1988 .

- Full withdrawal February 1989.

Slide17

Slide18

Results

Soviet Union lost 15,000 troops.

Collapse of the Soviet Union would follow shortly after.

Afghanistan was left with weak government. War would continue on.

Over 1 million Afghans died.

Slide19

Slide20

“bleeding wound.”

Slide21

Slide22

Slide23

Slide24