By Molly Downing . History. . The . Temple of Heaven. , literally the . Altar of Heaven. . The temple complex was constructed from 1406 to 1420 during the reign of the . Yongle. Emperor , who was also responsible for the construction of the Forbidden City in Beijing. ID: 563052
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The Heaven Temple
By Molly DowningSlide2
Temple of Heaven
, literally the
Altar of Heaven
The temple complex was constructed from 1406 to 1420 during the reign of the
Emperor , who was also responsible for the construction of the Forbidden City in Beijing
Emperor built three other prominent temples in Beijing, the
Temple of Sun
in the east (
Temple of Earth
in the north (
Temple of Moon
in the west (
As Chinese emperors called themselves
'The Son of Heaven
' ,they dared not to build their own dwelling,‘ Forbidden City' bigger than a dwelling for Heaven.
The northern part within the wall is
semicircular symbolizing the
heavens and the southern part is square symbolizing
the earth. The
northern part is higher than the southern part.Slide3
This design shows that the heaven is high and the earth is low and the design reflected an ancient Chinese thought of 'The heaven is round and the earth is square'.
The emperors in the past believed that they could go to heaven through this Bridge, which is why this bridge is also called Sacred Way
The Temple of Heaven is also a very popular park for exercising, and particularly for practicing taiji bailong ball.
Emperor of China
was regarded as the
Son of Heaven
, who administered earthly matters on behalf of, and representing, heavenly authority. To be seen to be showing respect to the source of his authority, in the form of
to heaven, was extremely important.Slide4
The Circular Mound where they made sacrifices The Earthly MountSlide5
Historical Background of Temple of Heaven
The popular temple was originally constructed for the emperors of the Qing and Ming dynasties to worship certain gods and make sacrifices. Originally the gods of Earth, Agriculture, Military, Water, Religion, and Civilians were all worshipped at the Temple of Heaven.
Today the Temple of Heaven is a publicly visited park that was made accessible to the public in 1912. The park is popular to tourists and residents alike. It is twice the size of the Forbidden City, 2.75 million square meters, and is incredibly large and beautiful for it is said to represent heaven on earth.Slide6
The Temple of the Moon and Sun
The Temple of Moon was built in 1530 during the Ming dynasty. It was created so that the Emperor and priests could sacrifice and worship the moon gods. This particular temple has a cave located inside of it which consists of an altar used to be utilized for sacrifice, prayer, and worshipping. The Temple of Moon apparently gets its name in the English language because of the way in which the moon light radiates inside the cave, glowing magnificently.
It was built so that the God of the Sun could be properly worshiped by high up religious officials, and the Emperor. The temple was used in this manner for many years until it was opened up as a park and tourist attraction in 1951. The park now consists of many different areas, some of which are restored religious altars while some are newly built figures, such as a fishing pond, and amusement park
The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests is one of Beijing's most famous architectural landmarksSlide8