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JAXAs Lunar Exploration Activities


1Hiroshi SasakiDirector JAXA Space Exploration Center JSECJapan Aerospace Exploration AgencyJune 17th 2019 62nd Session of COPUOS ViennaSLIMPinpoint LandingJFY2021KaguyaMarsothersMoonPromote Commercia

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Document on Subject : "JAXAs Lunar Exploration Activities"— Transcript:

1 1 JAXA’s Lunar Exploration Activities
1 JAXA’s Lunar Exploration Activities Hiroshi Sasaki Director, JAXA Space Exploration Center (JSEC) Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency June 17th 2019, 62nd Session of COPUOS, Vienna SLIM Pinpoint Landing JFY2021 Kaguya Mars, others Moon Promote Commercialization Earth International Space Station 2 Gateway Operation HTV - X derivatives Approx. 2026 - Sustainable Exploration/Utilization Lunar Polar Exploration Water Prospecting prox.2023 - JAXA Robotic Sample Return ( HERACLES) Technology Demo Approx.2026 - JAXA JAXA MMX J

2 FY2024 JAXA NASA Activities on/beyond
FY2024 JAXA NASA Activities on/beyond Mars JAXA OMOTENASHI EQUULEUS Innovative small mission CubeSat launched by SLS/EM1 Gateway (construction phase) 2022 - JAXA’s Space Exploration Scenario 3  ISECG is a non - political agency coordination forum of space organization from 18 countries and regions.  JAXA is currently the chair of ISECG.  ISECG agencies work collectively in a non - binding, consensus - driven manner towards advancing the Global Exploration Strategy. International Space Exploration Coordination Gro

3 up (ISECG): The Global Exploration Road
up (ISECG): The Global Exploration Roadmap (GER3) recognizes the importance of increasing synergies with robotic missions while demonstrating the role humans play in realizing societal benefits. GER3, released in January 2018 4 Significance of Lunar Exploration Expand Human Activities Gain Knowledge Promote Industry Inspire Young Generation International Cooperation NASA 5 Sustainable Exploration (Infrastructure Construction) Technology Demonstration High Quality Manned System 2040 - 2030 - Gateway/SLIM/Lunar Polar Mission/

4 Heracles/HTV - X 2020 - Technology Demon
Heracles/HTV - X 2020 - Technology Demonstration ECLSS, Transportation, Lander, Surface Exploration 2050 - 2060 - Lunar Base (International Space Agency, Private Sector) Moon Base Sustainable Exploration (Private Utilization) Human Lander Human Rover ISRU demo JAXA Fully Re - usable Lander Fuel Plant Construction JAXA JAXA’s Lunar Exploration Roadmap (Long - Team) 6 ⚫ Japan’s first large lunar explorer, consisting of the Main Orbiter and two sub - satellites ⚫ Scientific data from Kaguya is important for future luna

5 r exploration. ⚫ 15 observation missio
r exploration. ⚫ 15 observation missions on the Moon, including observation of elemental and mineralogical distribution of the Moon, geography, surface and subsurface structure, magnetic field and gravity field. KAGUYA (SELENE: SELenological and Engineering Explorer) Launch: 2007  Detection of a 50 - km long intact lava tube underground along a lava flow river " rille " on the Marius Hills of the Moon  Unique values for both science and human expansion to space Detection of intact lunar lava tubes in the data fro

6 m SELENE ( Kaguya ) radar sounding (201
m SELENE ( Kaguya ) radar sounding (2017) The Start of JAXA’s Lunar Exploration : Kaguya 2007 - 7 OMOTENASHI * O utstanding MO on exploration TE chnologies demonstrated by NA no S emi - H ard I mpactor EQUULEUS * EQU ilibriUm L unar - E arth point 6 U S pacecraft ⚫ The technologies will enable multi - point observation with low cost. ⚫ Observe radiation environment in cis - lunar region. ⚫ Imaging of the Earth’s plasmasphere ⚫ Lunar impact flash observation ⚫ Dust detection at EML2 (Developed by JAXA and The U

7 niversity of Tokyo) Small - Sized Lunar
niversity of Tokyo) Small - Sized Lunar Exploration Missions: The World’s Smallest Moon Lander Trajectory control demonstration within Sun - Earth - Moon region SLIM * S mart L ander for I nvestigating the M oon Demonstration of pin - point lunar landing technologies Lunar Polar Exploration Mission ⚫ Explore lunar polar region suitability for establishing a lunar base for sustainable activities ⚫ JAXA and ISRO are conducting joint study on lunar polar exploration mission. ⚫ Demonstrate lunar and planetary surface e

8 xploration technologies e.g. vehicular
xploration technologies e.g. vehicular transport and overnight survival. Target: JFY 2021 JFY 2023 (TBD) Mass 210 kg at the time of landing Landing Accuracy Up to 100m Science instruments Multi - band camera for mineralogical characterization Science objective Characterization of rocks from deep interior Lunar Surface Exploration: Obtain knowledge of water resource on the Moon HERACLES * H uman E nhanced R obotic A rchite C ture for L unar E xploration and S cience Technology demonstrations for lunar landings, surfac

9 e exploration, and sample return Lunar S
e exploration, and sample return Lunar Surface Exploration: Target: JFY 2026 Mass Spacecraft mass: 8500 kg (wet) Payload: 1430kg Operational period � 6 months Landing site Selection is on going Technologies to be demonstrated Human rated landing Ascent and RVD to Gateway Large scale rover ◼ Targeted for JFY2026, jointly with ESA and CSA ◼ Technology demonstration for human lunar surface mission and sample return through Gateway ◼ Contributing by; - collected sample on lunar surface - share - ride of mission equi

10 pment 10 Lunar Orbital Platform – Gat
pment 10 Lunar Orbital Platform – Gateway: (JAXA’s Potential Contribution)  Contributing by - ECLSS system - Thermal control system - Power system component - Air(O2/N2) high - pressure tank  Targeted for JFY2025~2026(1 st flight)  Resupply logistics and utilization for the Gateway including lunar lander support  Contributing by: - Transport utilization on the Gateway - Transport small probe and equipment on lunar orbit. - Share - ride of mission equipment. NASA HTV - X Habitation technology Logistics resu

11 pply by HTV - X Kounotori (HTV) 11 ◼ H
pply by HTV - X Kounotori (HTV) 11 ◼ Human Pressurized Rover Contributing by long range excursion capability for human lunar surface exploration as well as autonomous or remote operated excursion capability during unmanned period. Specification No. of Crew: 2 (4 for contingency) Cabin function: ECLSS, TCS, Autonomy Travel distance: 10,000 km (total life) Max speed: 20km/hour Power: Fuel cell + Solar panel Chassis: 6 wheels Size: 6m x 5.2m x 3.8m Space suits: 2 Preparation for Full - Fledged Human Exploration : Partnering with t

12 he Industry  Targeted for 2029~  J
he Industry  Targeted for 2029~  Jointly studying with TOYOTA. 12 ◼ Space Exploration Innovation Hub Center Cooperating with private companies/research institutes to bring together cutting - edge technologies for creating innovation in Space Exploration and on Earth. Examples of Projects: Construction Agri Technology Mini Robots Technology Remotely contolled/ automated construction technology Develop low cost insectroid robot for luar surface activities Concept study for lunar plant factory Preparation for Full - Fle

13 dged Human Exploration : Partnering with
dged Human Exploration : Partnering with the Industry 13  JAXA will continue to actively participate in space exploration.  For realizing our challenging missions based on the common goals, JAXA will cooperate with international and industrial partners, and looks forward to working widely with new players from diverse background.  International frameworks such ISECG, and COPUOS will stimulate discussions for coordinating and creating cooperation. By using such frameworks, JAXA hopes to continue discussion among vari