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TWO OCEANS GRADUATE INSTITUTE


TOGI HARVARD REFERENCING GUIDEINITIAL TEACHER EDUCATIONB ED AND PGCE PROGRAMMES 2020QUALITY HIGHER EDUCATION FOR ALLTOGI Harvard Reference GuidePage 2of 8TOGI HARVARD REFERENCING GUIDECONTENTSREFERENC

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Document on Subject : "TWO OCEANS GRADUATE INSTITUTE"— Transcript:

1 TWO OCEANS GRADUATE INSTITUTE TOGI HAR
TWO OCEANS GRADUATE INSTITUTE TOGI HARVARD REFERENCING GUIDE INITIAL TEACHER EDUCATION B ED AND PGCE PROGRAMMES 20 20 QUALITY HIGHER EDUCATION FOR ALL TOGI Harvard Reference Guide Page 2 of 8 TOGI HARVARD REFERENCING GUIDE CONTENTS REFERENCING: A QUICK GUIDE ................................ ................................ ................................ ................... 3 BOOKS: E - BOOKS AND HARD COPIES ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... 3 Referencing from one book (one author) ................................ ................................ ................................ . 3 Referencing from o ne book (two authors) ................................ ................................ ................................ 3 Referencing from one book (three authors) ................................ ................................ ............................. 3 Referencing from one book (various page numbers) ................................ ................................ ................ 4 Referencing from one book (more than three authors) ................................ ................................ ............ 4 Referencing from more than one book (different authors, different year and dif ferent books) ................ 4 Referencing from more than one book (same author, same year and different books) ............................. 4 Referencing from more than one book (same author, different year and different books) ....................... 5 NOTES AND RESOURCES COMPILED BY TOGI LECTURERS ................................ ................................ ........... 5 INTERNET RESOURCES: JOURNALS/MAGAZINES/RESEARCH PAPERS ................................ .......................... 5 Referencing from a journal ................................ ................................ ................................ ....................... 5 Referencing from a website, if the author is not indicated ................................ ................................ ....... 5 Referencin g from a website, if the author is indicated .............................

2 ... ................................ ...
... ................................ .............. 6 YouTube ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. 6 UNPUBLISHED RESEARCH PAPERS ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 6 DISSERTATIONS/THESES ................................ ................................ ................................ .............................. 6 NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ 6 CAPS AND GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 7 INTERVIEWS ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................ 7 VIDEO/FILM/AUDIOVISUAL RESOURCES ................................ ................................ ................................ ..... 7 IMAGES AND VISUAL MATERI AL ................................ ................................ ................................ ................. 7 AUTHOR AND DATE NOT INDICATED ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... 8 Example ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................... 8 BIBLIOGRAPHY AT THE END ................................ ................................ ................................ ........................ 8 Example ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................... 8 CONCLUSION ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 8 TOGI Harvard Reference Guide Page 3 of 8 REFERENCING: A QUICK GUIDE At the Two Oceans Graduate Institute, we u se the Harvard Referencing when doing tasks and assignments. Without referencing, your

3 work is not valid. Every bit of informat
work is not valid. Every bit of information that you use which has been written or produced by another person, needs to be referenced. This entails in text referencing, as well as a bibliographic reference at the end. All staff and students should use the same referencing style for assessments and tasks. The purpose of referencing is to acknowledge the a uthor, editor or cr eator and to prove to the assessor of your work that you used valid and reliable resources. Without referencing, your work is illegal. Kindly refer to the Two Oceans Graduate Institute Policy on Plagiarism. Take care to reference all authors the same way throughout, whether it is for a book, journal, article or web page. Surnames first. BOOKS : E - BOOKS AND HARD COPIES R eferencing from one book (one author) Citation inside sentence According to Baron (2007:14) human personalities can be broken down into a number of domains. Ci tation at the end of a sentence Human personalities can be broken down into a number of domains (Baron, 2007:14). Bibliographic reference Baron, H. 2007. Perfect personality profiles . London: Random House Books. Referencing from one book (two authors) Citation inside sentence According to Kiyosaki and Lechter ( 2003:15) most people have a misperception of money. Ci tation at the end of a sentence Most people have a misperception about money (Kiyosaki & Lechter , 2003:15). Bibliographic reference Kiyosaki, R. & Lechter, S. 2003. The cash flow quadrant . New York: Grand C entral P ublishing. Referencing from one book (three authors) Citation inside sentence first time used According to Hamel, Stigl ingh and Venter (2006:3) Value added t ax form part of indirect taxation. Ci tation at the end of a sentence first time used Value added t ax forms part of indirect taxation (Hamel, Stiglingh & Venter, 2006:3). Citation at the end of a sentence when using the same resource second and every following time Value added t ax forms part of indirect taxation (Hamel, et al., 2006: 6 ). Bibliographic reference Hamel, E., Stiglingh, M. & Venter, J. 2006. ’n Studentebenadering tot inkomstebelasting. Durban: Lexisnexis Butterworths. TOGI Harvard Reference Guide Page 4 of

4 8 Referencing from one book (various
8 Referencing from one book (various page numbers) Citation inside sentence According to Maxwell (2008:2 - 4) a person’s attitude and inner feelings that are projected outward which can be either positive or negative. Ci tation at the end of a sentence Any person’s attitude, positive or negative, can be described as inner feelings that are being projected outwards (Maxwell, 2008:2 - 4). Bibliographic reference Maxwell, J. 2008. The difference maker . Nashville : Thomas Nelson. Referencing from one book (more than three authors) Citation inside sentence first time used According to Flynn, Koornhoff, Kleynhans, Meyer and Posthumus (2005͗2), accounting is the ‘language’ of the business world. Citation at the end of a sentence when using the same resource second and every following time According to Flynn, et al . (2005:16) accountants should be proficient in this ‘language’͘ Ci tation at the end of a sentence used first time Accounting is the ‘language’ of the business world (Flynn, Koornhoff, Kleynhans, Meyer & Posthumus, 2005:2). Citation at the end of a sentence when using the same resource second and every following time Accountants should be proficient in the ‘language’ of accounting (Flynn, et al ., 2005:2). Bibliographic reference Flynn, D., Koornho ff, C., Kleynhans, K., Meyer L. & Posthumus, L. 2005. Fundamental accounting . Cape Town: Juta. Referencing from more than one book (different authors, different year and different books) Citation s inside sentence According to Gerber (1995:5) a business is a vivid reflection of its owner’s personality and Baron (2007:18) reasons every person can be c lassified into one of 16 personality types. Ci tation s at the end of a sentence A business is a clear reflection of its owner’s personality which fall within one of 16 possible personality types (Gerber, 1995:5 ; Baron, 2007:18) . Bibliographic reference Baron, H. 2007. Perfect personality profi les . London: Random House Books. Gerber, M. 1995. The e - myth revisited . New York: Harper Business . Referencing from more than one book (same author, same year and different books) C itation inside sentence According to Maxwell (2008a:8)

5 success is all about having the correct
success is all about having the correct mindset. According to Maxwell (2008b:1), one must first know oneself before one can change their mindset. Ci tation at the end of a sentence Success is all about having the correct mindset (Maxwell, 2008a͗8) ͙ can only be achieved by knowing your inner - self first (Maxwell, 2008b:1). Bibliographic reference Maxwell, J. 2008a. Success 101. Nashville : Thomas Nelson. Maxwell, J. 2008b. Mentoring 101 . Nashville : Thomas Nelson. TOGI Harvard Reference Guide Page 5 of 8 Referencing from more than one book (same author, different year and different books) Citation inside sentence According to Kiyosaki and Lechter (2003:121; 2001:145) people can be categorised in one of seven investor - groups which can improve by means of f inancial education. Ci tation at the end of a sentence All people can be classified as a ‘type’ of investor which can improve accordingly by means of financial education (Kiyosaki and Lechter, 2003:121; 2001:145) . Bibliographic reference Kiyosaki, R. & Lechter, S. 2001. Rich dad poor dad . New York: Warner Books . Kiyosaki, R. & Lechter, S. 2003. The cashflow quadrant . New York: Grand C entral P ublishing. NOTES AND RES OURCES COMPILED BY TOGI LECTURERS Citation inside sentence V an A s ( 2018 : 4 ) suggests that the essence of what teaching is, does not receive sufficient consideration. Ci tation at the end of a sentence T he essence of what teaching is, does not receive sufficient consideration ( V an A s, 2018 : 4 ) . Bibliographic reference V an A s, A . 2018. T eaching and l earning unit 2. C ape T own : T wo O ceans G raduate I nstitute. T itles not in italics, because the document has not been published. INTERNET RESOURCES: JOURNALS/MAGAZINES /RESEARCH PAPERS Never begin a reference with http:// of www. Referencing from a journal Citation inside sentence Sheridan - Rabideau (2010:55 - 57) is of the opinion that art offers a unique opportunity to children to learn in a creative way. Ci tation at the end of a sentence Art offers a unique opportunity to children to learn in a creative way (Sheridan - Rabideau, 2010:55 - 57). Bibliographic reference Sheridan - Rabidea

6 u, M. 2010. Creativity r epositioned.
u, M. 2010. Creativity r epositioned. Arts Education Policy Review . 111: 54 - 58. Referencing from a website , if the author is not indicated Citation inside sentence Following ‘Milestones in m usic’ (2014) there is a theme for the music program for every semester. Citation at the end of a sentence For every semester, there is a theme for the music program (Milestones in m usic, 2014). Bibliographic reference Music development: the first five years. 2014. Milestones in m usic . [ Online] Available at : https://www.milestonesinmusic.com/ [Accessed 29/11/2019] . TOGI Harvard Reference Guide Page 6 of 8 Referencing from a website, if the author is indicated Citation inside sentence According to Leviatan (2017), there is freedom in what you can do in music, but that does not mean that is ideal. Citation at the end of a sentence T here is freedom in what you can do in music, but t hat does not mean that is ideal (Leviatan, 2017). Bibliographic reference Leviatan, Y. 2017. Making m usic: t he 6 stages of m usic Production . [Online] Available at: https://www.waves.com/six - stages - of - music - production [Accessed 29/11/2019] . YouTube Citation inside sentence According to Rasmussen (2012) there will be purposeful responses from babies one month old. Citation at the end of a sentence There will be purposeful responses from babies one month (Rasmussen, 2012) . Bibliographic reference Rasmussen, E. 2012. Stages of music development . [Online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eb2DtjbsUew [Accessed 29/11/2019] . U NPUBLISHED RESEARCH PAPERS Citation inside sentence According to Bruwer, Saaiman, Soeker and Reagan (2008:11) the lack of accounting knowledge and financial difficulties are mainly responsible for SMME failures. Ci tation at the end of a sentence The lack of accounting knowledge and financial difficulties are to blame for SMME failures (Bruwer, S aaiman, Soeker & Reagan , 2008:11). Bibliographic reference Bruwer, J., Saaiman, S., Soeker, A. & Reagan, K. 2008. SMME sustainability mini thesis (Unpublished research material cited in terms of the written approval of Bruwer, Saaiman, Soeker & Reagan). Faculty of Business, Cape

7 Peninsula University of Technology, So
Peninsula University of Technology, South Africa. DISSERTATIONS/THESES Citation inside sentence According to Bruwer (2010:69) small businesses have difficulty in analysing financial information. Ci tation at the end of a sentence Small businesses have difficulty analysing financial information (B ruwer, 2010:69). Bibliographic reference Bruwer, J. 2010. Sustai nability of South African FMGC r etail businesses in the C ape P eninsula . M Tech thesis, Cape Peninsula University of Technology , South Africa. NEWSPAPER ARTICLES Citation inside sentence According to Slabbert (2008:5) more tha n half of all small businesses were not well prepared for the Soccer World Cup. Ci tation at the end of a sentence More than 50% of all small businesses were not ready for the Soccer World Cup (Slabbert, 2008:5). Bibliographic reference Slabbert , A͘ 2008͘ KMMO’s verg baie werk, hulp voor 2010͘ Die Burger , 10:5 , November. TOGI Harvard Reference Guide Page 7 of 8 CAPS AND GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS Citation inside sentence According to the CAPS document (South Africa. Department of Basic Education, 2011:10) there are specific aims for Life Skills. Citation at the end of a sentence Life Skills have specific aims as indicated in the CAPS document (South Africa. Department of Basic Education, 2011:10). Bibliographic reference South Africa. Department of Basic Education, 2011. Curriculum and policy statement: Life skills: Grades 4 - 6. [Online] Available at: https:// www.education.gov.za . INTERVIEWS Citation inside sentence According to Shuttleworth (2004), it was wonderful to go into space. Ci tation at the end of a sentence Apparently, it is wonderful to go into space ( Shuttleworth, 2004 ). Bibliographic reference Shuttleworth, M. 2004. Interview on 4 August 2004, Cape Town. VIDEO/FILM/AUDIOVISUAL RESOURCES Citation inside sentence In ‘ Interview Game ’ ( 1985 ), it became clear what to do . Ci tation at the end of a sentence It became clear what to do ( Interview Game , 1985 ) . Bibliographic reference Interview game. 1985. London: BBC. [ DVD ] . IMAGES AND VISUAL MATERIAL Citation of an image in the assignment Barn owl in the Kruger Park. Photographer: Micheli

8 (2010). Bibl
(2010). Bibliographic reference Micheli, R. 2010. SA KP6 Owls at night, Kruger Park. [Online] Available at: www.robertodemicheli.com/album_test/slidenav.php?folder=Sou th%20Africa/Kruger%20Park/&file=slides/IMG_0284.jpg [Accessed 19 April 2018] . TOGI Harvard Reference Guide Page 8 of 8 AUTHOR AND DATE NOT INDICATED If the author or editor of the work is not clearly indicated, it is usually not reliable academic work. Do not use Anon. Use the title of the article as a reference. E xample Citation inside sentence In ‘ Perfect personality profiles ’ (2007), domains are as follows. Ci tation at the end of a sentence Domains are as follows ( Perfect personality profiles , 2007). Bibliographic reference Perfect personality profiles . 2007. London: Random House Books. If the date of the publication is not indicated, use (n.d.) BIBLIOGRAPHY AT THE END Every resource cited in the text, has to be listed at the end in a bibliography. The bibliography should not contain any references that are not indicated as cited in the text. References have to be arran ged in alphabetical order according to the s urnames o f the authors. Do not bullet , arrow or number the references in the bibliography. Use single spacing and do not block the right - hand margin. E xample Atkinson, R. G. 1998. The life story interview. NY : Sage. Department of Higher Education and T raining . 2014 . G overnment gazette . Policy for the provision of distance education in South African universities in the context of an integrated post school system . No. 535. July . [Online] Available at: www.gpwonline.co.za [Accessed 15/05/2016] Rose, M. 2018 . What are some key attributes of effective online teachers? Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning. 22 (2), 32 – 48. CONCLUSION This document is a guide to correct referencing of different sources based on the Harvard Reverencing method. There are more types of sources, which one can reference, but for initial research in educational work, these examples should be sufficient. The key word is practice : Practice makes perfect, and eventually the Harvard Referencing method will become second na