A.D. 120-150? - PowerPoint Presentation

A.D. 120-150?
A.D. 120-150?

A.D. 120-150? - Description


AD 140 Why is John in the canon and not the Gospel of Thomas Why Not The APOCRYPHA Luke 115051 2444 Gen 4 2 Chron 242021 The Canon of the New Testament Which Books Make Up the New Testament and Why ID: 280533 Download Presentation

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Slide1

A.D. 120-150?

A.D. 140?

Why is John in the canon and not the Gospel of Thomas?

Why

Not The APOCRYPHA

?

Luke 11:50-51, 24:44

Gen. 4 – 2 Chron. 24:20-21Slide2

The “Canon” of the New Testament

Which Books Make Up the New Testament and Why?Slide3

Jesus and Apostles recognized authority of Old Testament Scriptures – An established Canon

John 5:39

Luke 24:44

Acts 17:2

Romans 15:4

Jesus’ words establishing a new canon “but I say…”Matt. 5:28-29Matt. 7:29

Heb. 1:1-2Slide4

New Testament Canon Closed Around Apostolicity

Jesus’ chosen apostles – authority of sender – confirming signs

Apostles guided by Holy Spirit

Paul’s words – Christ’s Words, Lord’s Commandments

Peter: Paul’s writings enlarging canon of Scripture

Apostles’ teaching unrepeatable foundationSlide5

Second Century Challenge :

Marcion

Born A.D. 110 – Bishop of

Sinope in Pontus

Comes to Rome A.D. 142-143 – Excommunicated

Christianity was the pure covenant – disregarding place of Old Testament Scripture Slide6

Second Century Challenge :

Marcion

and Scripture

One Gospel – Luke – not first two chapters

Ten Epistles – Galatians – charter of

MarcionismGeneral Epistles, Hebrews, Revelation and Acts excluded.Slide7

Christians From First Century Accepting Canon – Apostolicity

Matthew

apostle

Mark –

Peter

s assistant and interpreter

Luke

Close associate and partner with Paul

John

apostle

Paul

apostle

Hebrews

in circle of those with Paul, if not Paul

James

Jesus

brother called an apostle

1&2 Peter

apostle

1, 2, & 3 John

apostle

Jude

brother of James

Revelation

- apostleSlide8

First Lists Of Books – A Canon

MURATORIAN FRAGMENT (As early as A.D. 170)

Recognizes Four Gospels – Luke, John

Acts

Apocalypse – Revelation

Paul’s Epistles

Jude

1 & 2 JohnSlide9

First Lists Of Books – A Canon

IRENAEUS (A.D. 180)

Bishop – trained under Polycarp – disciple of the apostles

Apostles:

“fully informed concerning all things and had a perfect Knowledge.”The Four Gospels, Acts, I Peter, I John, all of Paul’s letters – except Philemon, RevelationSlide10

First Lists Of Books – A Canon

EUSEBIUS (A.D. 270-340)

Matthew, Mark, Luke, John

Acts

Paul’s Epistles (13) Hebrews I PeterI John

Revelation

Disputed:

James, 2 Peter, 2&3 John , Jude Slide11

First Lists Of Books – A Canon

BISHOP ATHANASIUS (A.D. 367)

Bishop of Alexandria – Festal Letter- Easter

Specifies the 27 books we have without qualification

“Let no one add to these, let nothing be taken away.”Slide12

First Lists Of Books – A Canon

Council of Hippo (A.D. 393)

“Officially Accepts”-Recognizes the 27 books of the New Testament as Sacred Scripture Slide13

First Lists Of Books – A Canon

COUNCIL OF CARTHAGE (A.D. 397)

Lists the 27 books we have in our New Testament

“aside from the canonical Scriptures nothing is to be read in church under the Name of Divine Scriptures” Slide14

F.F. Bruce: “What is particularly important to notice is that the New Testament canon was not demarcated by the arbitrary decree of any Church Council. When at last a Church Council – the Synod of Hippo in A.D. 393- listed the 27 books of the New Testament, it did not confer upon them any authority which they did not already possess, but simply recorded their previously established canonicity”

(The Books and the Parchments, pp. 112-113)Slide15

Dr.

Foakes-Jackson: “The Church assuredly did not make the New Testament; the two grew up together.” (A History of Church History, p. 21)Slide16

Shom More....
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