Principles of Training - PowerPoint Presentation

Principles of Training
Principles of Training

Principles of Training - Description

Section B Physiology Specificity Progression Overload Frequency Intensity Time Type Reversibility Tedium You may get a mark for writing SPORT as well as explaining them Principles of Training ID: 510370 Download Presentation


train training harder principles training train principles harder intensity fitness activity duration change overload specificity similar increase exercise type

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Principles of Training

Section B- Physiology Slide2



FrequencyIntensity TimeTypeReversibility TediumYou may get a mark for writing ‘SPORT’ as well as explaining them.

Principles of Training Slide3

Every activity is different in terms of its fitness requirements- you must consider …


port you are playingMuscle fibres types/ muscles usedSimilar skills/ movements Intensity of activityTime/ duration of activity Age/gender/abilityEnergy system (Aerobic/ Anaerobic )

Specificity Slide4

Increase the amount and intensity of exercise gradually in order to improve but avoid injury.

Progressive Slide5

Working harder/ training harder than normalCauses

adaptions- you gradually increase this to get

progression.Frequency- train more oftenIntensity- train harderTime- training for longerType- use different forms of exerciseFITT Principle.

Overload Slide6

Use it or lose it! Too much restFitness lost quicker than gained

2 weeks off- 3-4 weeks to regain

Remember- you must avoid overtraining- doing too much without sufficient rest. Moderation is important. ReversibilitySlide7

Need to vary training to prevent boredom by using different training methods

Cross training

Use a training diary Tedium Slide8

Important not to overload the body so much it experiences exhaustion and can not adapt properly as there is too much damage.

A decline in performance is a sign of over training

Irritability and moodinessAltered sleep patternsLoss of appetiteLoss of motivation or competitive drivePersistent muscle sorenessOver Training Slide9

Previous years;Describe how you would apply the

FITT principles

and specificity to improve fitness. Probably wont be the same question again but will take similar format as in two training principles will be examined. Exam Questions Slide10



Describe how you would apply the FITT principles and specificity to a training programme. A)FITT Overload – work/train harder than normal; Example

Causes adaptations/body adapts; Example Frequency – train more often; Example Intensity

– train harder; Example


– use different forms of exercise/activity; Example


– train for longer; Example



same energy system/aerobic/ anaerobic;


same muscle fibre-type/slow/fast-twitch;


similar skills/movements;


similar intensity to activity;


similar duration/time to activity;

Exam Questions Slide11

Q) Explain how you could use the training principles of ‘

progressive overload

’ and ‘tedium’ or ‘type’ to improve a performers fitness. A)Progressive overload- working harder than normal/ Gradually increasing workload as fitness increases. Can change the

frequency of training- how often you train- must increase this give eg 3 x week

Can change the


at which you train- must increase this


% HR

Can change the


- how long you exercise for



Can change the


of exercise- vary the training method-





- vary the training method to prevent boredom.

Use different forms of training

Danger of overuse injuries / overtraining

Suitable examples circuits/ weights/


for power

Continuous for stamina

Example Exam QuestionSlide12

Explain how you would use the principles of training to develop a fitness programme.

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By: tatiana-dople
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