GIS And Enterprise Architecture

GIS And Enterprise Architecture - Description

Presented by . John R. Woodard MS, GISP. A Quick Introduction. PROFESSIONAL:. 15 . years practical experience of applying GIS to everyday . issues.. GISP (Geographic Information System Professional)Certification. ID: 681428 Download Presentation

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GIS And Enterprise Architecture

Presented by . John R. Woodard MS, GISP. A Quick Introduction. PROFESSIONAL:. 15 . years practical experience of applying GIS to everyday . issues.. GISP (Geographic Information System Professional)Certification.

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GIS And Enterprise Architecture




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Presentation on theme: "GIS And Enterprise Architecture"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

GIS And Enterprise Architecture

Presented by

John R. Woodard MS, GISP

Slide2

A Quick Introduction

PROFESSIONAL:

15

years practical experience of applying GIS to everyday

issues.

GISP (Geographic Information System Professional)Certification

EA (Enterprise Architecture)

Certification

GIS

Coordinator for Chagrin Valley Engineering, Ltd

EDUCATION:

MS in Geography/GIS from the University of Akron.

¾ finished with Masters

in Digital

Science at Kent State University.

PERSONAL:

Scuba Diver & Beekeeper (Yes, I deal with over 400,000 bees and sell honey!)

Slide3

Today’s Format

PART 1: What?

Enterprise Architecture

Business Intelligence

Leadership Role

Current State vs Future State

PART 2 : Tools

Business On a Page (BOAP)

Goals

Technology Inventory & Lifecycle

Application Inventory & Lifecycle

Slide4

Can anyone tell me

what is an Enterprise System?

Slide5

It seems as though everyone has

a slightly different

definition of Enterprise GIS

!

Slide6

Wikipedia defines Enterprise GIS as ……

“Enterprise

GIS

is a

geographic information system

that is integrated through an entire organization so that a large number of users can manage, share, and use spatial data and related information to address a variety of needs….. “

that are: data

creation, modification, visualization, analysis, and

dissemination

While also providing

users with GIS capabilities, Enterprise GIS is also made available to other software systems, including those dedicated to Spatial function or those that can usefully benefit from the inclusion of spatial information or processing.

Taken

from Wikipedia:

https://

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterprise_GIS

August 2015

Slide7

http://wiki.gis.com/wiki/index.php/System_Design_Process

Figure 1.1 System architecture design is an analytic process that generates IT hardware and network capacity requirements from specified peak business workflow performance needs.

Slide8

http://wiki.gis.com/wiki/index.php/GIS_Product_Architecture

Figure 7.1 Esri

ArcGIS System

Environment

Slide9

Ok, Woody so

what is Enterprise Architecture

?

Slide10

TechTarget defines it as……………..

An 

enterprise architecture

 (EA) is a conceptual blueprint that defines the structure and operation of an organization. The intent of

an

enterprise architecture is to determine how an organization can most effectively achieve its current and future objectives

.

searchcio.techtarget.com/definition/

enterprise

-

architecture

Slide11

Wikipedia (yes, again!)……………..

“Enterprise

architecture

 (

EA

) is "a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a holistic approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles and practices to guide organizations through the business, information, process, and technology changes necessary to execute their strategies. These practices utilize the various aspects of an enterprise to identify, motivate, and achieve these changes

.".

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterprise_architecture

Slide12

Slide13

Slide14

What is “Enterprise” and “Architecture”

Architecture =

The plan, blueprint, etc. Look at this like the drawings created by an Architect!

Enterprise =

“any collection of “roles/responsibilities” related things that have a common set of strategies/goals and/or single bottom line

.”*

Dr. Denise Bedford

Slide15

What’s the difference between an Enterprise System and Architecture?

Slide16

The difference lies in the overall objective of the

Enterprise…………..

Slide17

When someone creates and deploys an Enterprise GIS it is to share the processing, querying, mapping, etc. capabilities through out an organization.

Slide18

The Enterprise Architecture is created to organize and marshals all available resources to support the organization’s business statement, goals etc. It is a strategic plan that is considered the blueprint for success.

Slide19

What is the value of a

system without a purpose?

Slide20

Slide21

Enterprise Architect

Business Architect

Data/Information Architect

Technology Architect

Applications Architect

Who works on an

Enterprise Architecture?

Slide22

Enterprise

Architect

Is responsible for the

design, implementation, and management of the enterprise architecture. He will establish and maintain the architecture standards for the

organization. This architect will ensure that there are clear channels of communication through all levels of the architecture, while managing the governance processes.

Slide23

Business

Architect

Must work

with the Enterprise Architect. He will assist the Enterprise Architect in developing the enterprise architecture and ensure that it aligns with the business objectives and goals of the company. Cyber-GIS

business

architect is expected to find and create strategies that will enhance the company’s business capabilities and architecture. He will take the lead in guiding the company through the process of establishing a business architecture that coexists and works with the enterprise architecture mode.

Slide24

Data/Information

Architect

The

first role of this architect will be to establish clear and concise architecture principles for the company’s data and information. He will also perform data modeling create, update, the company’s data catalog. The Data/Information Architect will be responsible for establishing the controls and rules for accessing, distributing, and collection of the data.

Slide25

Technology

Architect

This architect will

support the data/information and application divisions. He will be tasked with creating and maintaining the technology inventory and dictionary. This architect will be expected to create the resource model for all

Cyber-GIS capabilities. He will also keep the company informed of current and new technologies emerging in the market.

Slide26

Applications

Architect

He will

maintain the company’s important business applications are aligned with Cyber-GIS business needs. He will review the company’s applications to control overlaps, while preventing gaps and redundancies in capabilities. This architect will design an application architecture that works with the existing enterprise architecture and supports Cyber-GIS

business goals and objectives.

Slide27

Architecture Review Board

Slide28

Architect Review Board

The Architect Review Board tasked with ensuring that Cyber-GIS business, applications, and development practices all support and are compatible with the company’s enterprise architecture. This board will be the authority that grants and reviews all compliance exceptions or waivers requests. The Applications, Technology, Data/Information will form the body of the Architecture Review Board. This board will report to the Enterprise Architect.

Slide29

Business Intelligence

Is a

set of techniques and tools

used to translate raw

data into

useful information for business analysis purposes. These technologies and techniques process large amounts of information to enable analysts to: identify

, develop

and find new business opportunities

.

The

goal is to transform this large amount of data into valuable information into new strategies and opportunities for an organization or business.

Slide30

Borrowing from the field Enterprise Architecture, GIS professionals can add more value to their GIS enterprise systems and achieve a higher Return On Investment. (ROI)

Slide31

Leadership

Someone

(you)

must “step up” and…

Develop a vision of what will be…………..

Provide an example and guide the system’s development.

Be decisive

Accept input and ideas

But choose a path.

A good leader knows when to follow, listen, and step back.

Good leadership = project “buy – in”

Slide32

What is the state of the organization?

Or

The Present & The Future

Slide33

Current vs Future (“ To Be”)

State Architecture

CURRENT STATE

Where are we today?

What are the processes?

Who does what?

What is our IT & Technology?

Where are our competitors?

FUTURE (WHAT IS TO BE)

This will always be a vision of what is in the future.

It must be a shared plan embraced by all of the architecture components. (People)

This architecture must always look ahead and try to predict what future challenges will need to be met for the company to survive and prosper.

This will be a continuous process– (project

by project, decision by

decision)

Slide34

The Design of

Enterprise Architecture

Slide35

Project C

Enterprise

Architecture

Framework

Updated

Framework

Project B

Project A

Architecture Process

Development Process

Proposal

Design

Implementation

Post Implementation

Report

Key Question

Key

Question

Key Question

EIA Principles, Business Rules,

Standards

EIA Artifacts and Components

EIA Workflows, Roles, Tools

EIA Maturity Model & Assessments

EIA Internal Checklists & Workflows

Slide36

A Framework

For Doing

Architecture

* Dr. Denise Bedford

Slide37

Slide38

EXERCISE 1

Can you suggest a GIS person/position

that would fill the roles in the

Enterprise Architecture Framework?

Slide39

A Couple of Tools From Enterprise Architecture

Slide40

CYBER GIS GIS

(BUSINESS ON A PAGE)

GIS SERVICES--------------- GIS CONSULTING ----------------

INTERNAL PROJECTS

PROGRAMMING

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM

ADVISING

TEACHING

- DEVELOP PROJECT PARTNERSHIPS WITH CVE DEPARTMENTS

- DEVELOP A NEED FOR GIS INPUT, DATA, ON COMPANY PROJECTS

- DEVELOP A GIS VIEWER SYSTEM FOR CLIENT CITIES & OFFICE STAFF

-INIATATE APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT

-WORK IN PYTHON, VBA, & DOT NET

- WORK WITH OPEN SOURCE

-DATABASE & GIS MODULES

-DEVELOP DATA MODELS

-DEVELOP MOBILE APPLICATIONS FOR FIELD WORK

-FIND OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSULTING.

-CREATE RELATIONSHIPS WITH MUNICIPALITIES

- DEVELOP DATA/INFORMATION SHARING AGREEMENTS WITH COUNTIES

-RESEARCH & PURSURE GRANT FUNDED OPPORTUNITIES

- PURSUE OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSULTING.

- PROVIDE THE BEST ADVICE& OPPORTUNITIES FOR CLIENTS

- ENCOURAGE COOPERATION OTHER COMPANIES

-PARTNER WITH OUTSIDE COMPANIES ON ADVISORY BOARDS

- PROVIDE THE BEST INSTRUCTION FOR GIS

- PROVIDE THE BEST INSTRUCTION FOR DATABASE/WEB PROGRAMS

- PROVIDE THE BEST MENTORING FOR INTERN/CLIENTS

Enabling

Strategic

Operational

1. ENCOURAGE PROJECT COLLOBORATION

2. ATTRACT AND RETAIN TALENTED STAFF

3. ENCOURAGE EXTERNAL PARTNERSHIPS

4. ENCOURAGE ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP

5. SUPPORT CONFERENCE ATTENDANCE & PARTICIPATION

6. FULFILL ALL CONTRACT AND LEGAL OBLIGATIONS

7. MANAGE COMPANY DATA AND MAPPING RISK

8. MAINTAIN HIGH SKILL LEVELS

9. PROVIDE A NURTURING WORK ENVIRONMENT

10. PROVIDE A GOOD BENEFIT PACKAGE

11. MANAGE FINANCIALS

12. MANAGE INFORMATION

13. BE A GOOD COMMUNITY MEMBER

Slide41

____________________________________________(BUSINESS ON A PAGE)

SERVICES--------------- CONSULTING ----------------

Enabling

Strategic

Operational

Slide42

EXERCISE 2

Gather into small groups and use the next 15 minutes to fill in the BOAP worksheet

.

Slide43

Establish Goals

Slide44

How do we identify the Goals?

Start at the very top!

What is your main Goal for your GIS?

Focus on your capabilities!

Don’t worry about the small details now.

Work on finding what sub-goals can be formed that support a main goal. (I will explain this in a minute.)

Slide45

How would you describe and

determine if your goals are correct?

How

it relates to the

organization or your plan.

What is the goals name: (keep it simple and direct)

How will you achieve this goal?

What can be expected from the goal when it is achieved (results)?

How

can you measure the goal’s success.

What is the time frame toward achieving the goal.

Goal Source: Where did the goal idea come from?

Dr. Denise Bedford

Slide46

Simple goal hierarchy - structure

Dr. Denise Bedford

Slide47

Slide48

Managing goal descriptions

Slide49

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g in the GIS system.A streamlined mapping and data flowTimed saved/Number of duplicate files/Employee feedback1 year

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eedback/number of users/2 years1.01.3Keep Technology updatedKeep system hardware & tech current.Prevent system response lag times. Prevent "rush" or reacti

ve upgrades to software & technology.Use automated scripts & hardware specs to compare the company hardware vs market.5 yearsGIS DATA2.0ACCURATE DATAEliminate Inaccuracies in

the the GIS informaitonTo create a accurate dataset that is trusted by GIS users.Decrease in errors/Decrease number of data "fixes"/Decrease complaints about dataset e

rrors5 years2.02.1Clean dataDevelop a data "scrubbing" modelAutomate basic data cleaning methodsDecrease the time & manpower required to cle

an datasets/Increase the accuracy of the dataset.1 year2.02.2data/information standardsDevelop data/information standards about

how to use, import, collect or distribute the datasets.Maintain a consistent methodology for working with company data. Remove confusion abo

ut what can be done with the information.Reduce the number of data "misuse or released" incidents" over the course of a business quarter.

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Slide50

EXERCISE 3

Each group should now create a Level 1 goal

and one or two sub-goals (for the level 1 goal)

Slide51

Who does what?

Slide52

Slide53

EXERCISE 4

Each group should now create a

organizational role chart for their business or department

.

Slide54

How will you measure the growth of your GIS?

Slide55

CVE GIS (NASCIO)

LEVEL 0 (NOTHING)

LEVEL 1 (CREATING AWARNESS)

LEVEL 2 (ESTABLISHING A FOUNDATION)

LEVEL 3 (DEVELOPMENT)

LEVEL 4 (COMPLETION)

LEVEL 5 (EXPANSION)

LEVEL 6 (OPTIZIAMATION)

CVE Management

There is no one delivering a coordinated effort for the CVE GIS BA.

1.Begin to create the idea that the company needs a GIS BA architecture to deliver support to company Data/information mapping, creation, use, and distribution. 2. Educate owners/management/staff on the potential benefits of GIS architecture

Demonstrate that GIS is being used by CVE as a reactive procedure. Several people use GIS in a

Adhoc

way to produce quick maps or illustrations. Use several small projects to demonstrate to owners/ executives, CAD Techs, & Engineers how GIS can support

thier

projects.

Owners/ executive management aware of potential benefits of a GIS architecture. Fully support the hiring/appointment of a GIS Project managemer and create a GIS department. Begin requiring GIS to be consulted on new data or mapping projects.

Owners/ executive management accept and fullysupport the GIS architecture and GIS Manger. Staff begins to access and incoporate GIS into their daily routines and projects.

Owners/ executive management allocate a budget for training, hiring staff, software and tech updates. GIS is considered and accessed at the first stages of a project. Not brought in as a afterthought.

Owners/ executive management allocate a budget for training, hiring staff, software and tech updates. GIS is considered and accessed at the first stages of a project. Not brought in as a afterthought.

GIS Planning

No plan in place

Note the lack of organization, sudden shutdowns, unexpected data loss, disagreements over what to do and how to proceed.

Meet with owners and document profit loss due to duplication of software, procedures, data, and employee effort. Work with a committee to identify company needs.

Meet with Partners, Jr. Partners, & supervisors to learn about their expectations for a GIS Architecture. Begin establishing goals, standards, & procedures.

GIS Architecture is implemented. GIS staff, CVE engineers, & clients accessing data/information. Architecture has goals, standards, procedures, & a Review Board

GIS Architecture is expanded to include other departments and remote clients. Begins to shift into a true Enterprise Architecture for CVE departments and sister company.

GIS Architecture has grown into a fully functional enterprise system for all 14 client cities, MBIS (sister company). The architecture is overseen by a team of designer who report to a business & enterprise architect.

GIS Framework

There is no framework or support for the GIS architecture.

Note the lack of an organized methodology to prevent confusion among employees and duplication of project effors. Begin meeting with supervisors & partners to open lines of communication between projects.

Create the initial outline of procedures for displaying, sharing and incorporating GIS into engineering projects & CAD drawings. Begin laying out a chart for all GIS capabilities and what could be currently supported.

Implement the framework as part of the GIS architecture, map out software applications, map out what projects are being supported by which datasets.

Define the current framework and finish a complete map with inventory. Plan the future state of the framework.

The GIS Framework complements and supports the Enterprise architecture. New models can be

ceated

and capabilities added to the system.

GIS framework is trusted and used through out the company. Is considered a good template framework to follow when establishing GIS systems for client businessess and cities.

GIS

Intergration

GIS Stand alone machine & projects No intergration

GIS projects, data are isolated and not supporting CVE Engineering Projects.

GIS starts supporting wetland delineation projects, GIS support requested for highway and pavement maintanence projects.

CVE staff & partners trust GIS to provide quality maps, analysis for projects and grant proposals.

GIS support is expected and

soliticed

for all projects. GIS is considered a critical member of project teams.

GIS is requested to represent CVE at client conferences and seminars. GIS helps to sell services for CVE.

GIS actively brings in new projects and revenue for the company. It is considered a valuable department that is involved in all CVE projects and processes.

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Technology Inventory & Lifecycle

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Application Inventory & Lifecycle

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FROM CURRENT STATE TO FUTURE STATE

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EXERCISE 5

Each group should expand their goals to create

a current state to a future state chart.

(Just work with one goal and plan for 5 years)

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CONCLUSIONS:

I am not saying that everyone needs to become an Enterprise Architect!

Borrowing ideas from the field of Enterprise Architecture can help you create an Enterprise GIS that is a custom fit to your organization’s needs and goals.

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Thank you for your time!

Are there any questions?

John R. Woodard MS, GISP

Email:

jwoodard@kent.edu

or jrw.gisp@gmail.com

Linked-in:

John Woodard MS, GISP

https://

www.linkedin.com/profile/preview?vpa=pub&locale=en_US