Hookahs , E-Cigarettes,

Hookahs , E-Cigarettes, Hookahs , E-Cigarettes, - Start

2018-11-11 18K 18 0 0

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& Vapes…. Tobacco. In 2012, 6.7% of middle school and 23.3% of high school students . currently used . tobacco products, including cigarettes, cigars, hookahs, . snus. , smokeless tobacco, pipes, . ID: 728017 Download Presentation

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Hookahs , E-Cigarettes,




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Presentations text content in Hookahs , E-Cigarettes,

Slide1

Hookahs, E-Cigarettes, & Vapes…

Slide2

TobaccoIn 2012, 6.7% of middle school and 23.3% of high school students currently used

tobacco products, including cigarettes, cigars, hookahs,

snus

, smokeless tobacco, pipes, bidis, keteks, dissolvable tobacco, and electronic cigarettes

Slide3

Leading preventable death

Slide4

Remember when…

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Smokeless tobacco comes in a variety of candy flavors

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Begin new product slides

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HookahHookah- water pipes that are used to smoke specially made tobacco that comes in different flavors, such as apple, mint, cherry, chocolate, coconut, licorice, cappuccino, and watermelon

In the US it has become more popular among teens and young adults and in college towns, seen as a “popular social activity”

Slide9

Hookah

The hookah device consists of four parts:

A base, or smoke chamber, which is partially filled with water

A bowl, which contains tobacco and the heating source

A pipe that connects the bowl to the base and dips into the water in the base

A hose, a second tube in the pipe that does not dip into the water but opens into air in the base and allows users to inhale the hookah smoke

When a smoker inhales through the tube, a pressure difference forces air past the heating source and heats the tobacco, which gives off smoke. The smoke is pulled away from the tobacco and passes through the water and into the smoke chamber — from which it is inhaled by the smoker.

Slide10

The World Health Organization noted in its annual report that the smoke inhaled in a typical one-hour hookah session can equal 100 cigarettes or more.The WHO report also stated that even after it has been passed through water, the tobacco smoke in a hookah pipe contains

high levels of cancer-causing chemicals.

Slide11

Just like a cigarette? As with cigarette

smoking, hookah

smoking is linked

to lung and oral cancers, heart disease and other

serious illnesses. Hookah smoking delivers about the same amount of nicotine as cigarette smoking does, possibly leading to tobacco dependence.

Slide12

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E-Cigarettes &

Personal Vapes

Slide14

What is it? How does it work?

Electronic cigarette: smokeless, battery operated device used to deliver nicotine with flavorings or other chemicals to the lungs.

Vaporizer pen “vape pen”: hand-held device used to generate an inhalable vapor from a solid, semi-solid, or liquid substance.

Specifically designed to vaporize THC.

Both use the same technology, leave no detectable odor, and are similar in appearance.

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E-cigarettes have been around since the 1960s.

Started to

take off in the last decade with more than 250 brands and flavors like watermelon, pink bubble gum and Java.

Estimated

4 million Americans use them, according to the Tobacco Vapor Electronic Cigarette Association.

Researchers

compared e-cigarettes to nicotine patches and other smoking cessation methods and found them statistically comparable in helping smokers quit over a six-month

period

According to a CDC study: nearly

1.8 million young people

had tried e-cigarettes and the number of U.S. middle and high school students e-smokers doubled

in recent years

.

Slide19

The FDA warns…E-cigarettes can increase nicotine addiction among young people and may lead kids to try other tobacco products, including conventional cigarettes, which are known to cause disease and lead to premature death

The products may contain ingredients that are known to be toxic to humans

Conducted a preliminary analysis on some samples of electronic cigarettes and components from two leading brands.

Slide20

FDA Study RevealedDPA's analysis revealed

the

following:

Diethylene glycol was detected in one cartridge at approximately 1%.

An ingredient used in antifreeze and is toxic to humans.Certain tobacco-specific nitrosamines which are

human carcinogens

were detected in half of the samples tested.

Tobacco-specific

impurities

suspected of being harmful to

humans

The

electronic cigarette cartridges that were labeled as containing no nicotine

had low levels of nicotine present in all cartridges tested

,

except one

.Three different electronic cigarette cartridges with the same label were tested and each cartridge emitted a markedly

different amount of nicotine with each puff. The nicotine levels per puff ranged from 26.8 to 43.2 mcg nicotine/100 mL puff.One high-nicotine cartridge delivered twice as much nicotine to users when the vapor from that electronic cigarette brand was inhaled

Slide21

Propylene glycolFound in antifreeze, de-icing agents in cars, planes, and boats.

Slide22

Strong adverse effects

Pneumonia

Congestive heart failure

Disorientation

Seizure

Low blood pressure

Chest pain

Second degree burns to face

Loss of vision

Possible infant death from choking on EC

Physically ill

Poisoning

Slide23

Nicotine is nicotineWhere’s the disconnect?

Slide24

Nicotine causes a dopamine release in the brain’s limbic system

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Nicotine – a POISON!Large amounts of nicotine are lethal (60 mg adult, 6 mg children)

Is also an

insecticide

and toxicantThe number of poisoning cases linked to e-cigarettes liquids

is increasing According to the National Poison Data System, these number are on pace to

double

in future years.

Slide28

Why so many poisonings?

Can you find the candy?

Slide29

What do we know today is in the vapor?

E-cigarette users exhale – passive vaping like secondhand smoke does happen.

This chemical aerosol is not “just” water vapor.

Studies so far show it contains:

nicotinepropylene glycol

fine & ultrafine (UF) particles

low levels of toxins known to cause cancer

nanoparticles of chromium, nickel, tin

volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

Slide30

Possible RisksResearch has been so limited, but new trends are emerging

Slide31

Health EffectsA study examining the biological effects of e-cigarettes found

“strikingly similar”

gene mutations in lung cells exposed to e-cig

vapor as those found in smokers.This means that although e-cigarette vapor

is tobacco and tar-free and that the device does not require combustion, it could potentially increase a user’s risk of cancer.

Another study published in

Germany examined secondhand emissions from several e-cigarettes in a human exposure chamber. 

While

the e-cigarette produced

lower

levels of toxins in the air for nonsmokers to breathe than the conventional cigarette, there were still elevated levels of

acetic acid

,

acetone

,

isoprene

,

formaldehyde and acetaldehyde, averaging around 20% of what the conventional cigarette put into the air. Putting

detectable levels of several significant carcinogens and toxins in the air

Slide32

“Gateway Drug”Increased risk of addiction to cocaine and other drugs

Nicotine greatly enhanced the effect of cocaine in mice

Cocaine dependence greater in heavy smokers (>100 cigarettes before using cocaine)

Nicotine acts as a gateway drug with the effects of addiction, especially in adolescents

Slide33

Trends in AdvertisingWe’ve already fought this battle with Big Tobacco…

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What Works

Nicotine free school campuses- school policies

Keeping the price of nicotine products high

Restricting nicotine devices’ marketing and other activities

Mass media campaigns to reduce initiation

Reinforcing a tobacco/nicotine-free norm

Kids' perceptions of how many people are smoking is a major factor in whether they decide to smoke


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