Monotheistic Religions

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Judaism. Christianity. Islam. Video Links. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HybxZkMxZvQ. . World Religion. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H9TEiNaRx88. . Monotheistic Religion. 1/7/15 Monotheistic Religions . ID: 491614 Download Presentation

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Monotheistic Religions

Judaism. Christianity. Islam. Video Links. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HybxZkMxZvQ. . World Religion. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H9TEiNaRx88. . Monotheistic Religion. 1/7/15 Monotheistic Religions .

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Monotheistic Religions




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Presentation on theme: "Monotheistic Religions"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Monotheistic Religions

Judaism

Christianity

Islam

Slide2

Video Links

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HybxZkMxZvQ

World Religion

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H9TEiNaRx88

Monotheistic Religion

Slide3

1/7/15 Monotheistic Religions Yellow Green

Slide4

Monotheism

The belief in

one

all powerful God.

Judaism

Christianity

Islam

Slide5

Judaism

Background

Judaism

is the

oldest known

monotheistic religion

still practiced

in the world today. Its fundamental teachings have been influential.

The basis for more recently developed religions (Christianity and Islam)

Believe the Messiah is yet to come; Jesus was a prophet.

Slide6

Judaism

The Basics

Founder-Abraham is generally recognized as the founder of Judaism

due to his covenant with God. However, Moses is also considered a founder due to his role in the liberation of the Hebrews from Egypt, and his delivery of the Ten Commandments from Mount Sinai sometime around 2000 BCE.

Holidays Celebrated: Passover, Hanukah, Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur

Currently Practiced Worldwide, but the greatest majority of  Jews reside in Israel, the United States, and the former Soviet Union.

Important Writings: Torah and Talmud.

Places of Worship: Jews worship in synagogues

Important Religious People: Rabbis are Jewish scholars charged with conducting religious services,.

Slide7

Slide8

The Exodus from Egypt (Passover)

The

12 tribes of Israel

migrated to Egypt to escape famine.

Lived peacefully until Egyptians tried to enslave them.

1200 BC: Moses led his people out of Egypt to escape.

Every year during the feast of Passover, Jews celebrate the

exodus

from Egypt.

God renewed covenant made with Abraham during the exodus.

Israelites pledged loyalty to God and God

s laws

(The Ten Commandments);

God promised a safe return to Canaan.

Slide9

Slide10

Islam

Background

Islam, translated from Arabic, means "to submit to the will of Allah," is the youngest of the world's major religions

.

Worshippers are known as Muslims

, which means "one who submits to the will of Allah."  Islam is currently the second most practiced religion in the world, and experts predict that it will overtake

Christianity

as the most popular religion in the world sometime during the 21st century.

Slide11

The Basics

Founder

- founded by prophet Mohammed

Holidays Celebrated: Ramadan and Hajj.

Currently Practiced

- Islam is most dominant throughout the Middle East, including Southwest Asia and North Africa.

Significant Writings

- teachings of Islam collected in the

Qur'an

.

Place of Worship-

Muslims gather in Mosques

Significant Religious People

-The Caliph, or successor to the Prophet Mohammed; Imam, leader of prayers.

Slide12

5 Pillars of Islam

Under Mohammad's leadership, the basic teachings of Islam were established, which are known as the

Five Pillars of Islam

.

Muslims must follow these rules:

Confession of Faith:

"there is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is His prophet."

Prayer:

pray 5 times a day, facing Mecca.

Charity:

give alms to the poor, support local Mosque by donating a part of their income.

Fasting:

During the

Ramadan

, ninth month of the Muslim calendar, Muslims fast during daylight hours, except the very young or sick.

Pilgrimage:

If possible financially, each Muslim must make a

hajj

, holy pilgrimage, to Mecca

.

Slide13

Beliefs and Practices

Quran shows the basic moral values of Islam

Quran has specific rules guiding daily life: i.e. forbids gambling, eating pork

Church and state are unified under Islam.

Slide14

Slide15

Slide16

Slide17

Christianity

Currently the most popular religion in the world based on the number of worshippers

found throughout the world. While this

monotheistic religion

developed from Judaism, there are several key differences in its teachings.

Slide18

The Basics

Geographic Origin

-

Founder

-Jesus of Nazareth and his disciples

who helped spread his teachings

.

Currently Practiced

-Christianity is the dominant religion in North America, South America, Europe, and Russia.

Holidays: Christmas, Easter

Significant Writings

-The

Holy Bible

,

Old Testament

and

New Testament

.

Places of Worship

- practice in churches

.

Significant Religious People

-Priests and ministers are Christian holy men and women who are charged with conducting religious services

Slide19

Slide20

Teachings & Beliefs

Because Christianity evolved from Judaism, there are certain concepts that these two religions share. For example, both

Jews and Christians believe in the

Ten Commandments

found in the Book of

Exodus

. In addition,

prophecies of Jewish prophets contained in several books of the Old Testament stated that God would send a

savior

,

messiah

, to the people of Israel

While Judaism clearly states that this event has not yet occurred,

Christians believe that Jesus was the

Son of God

, sent to redeem the world of sin.

Attend church services regularly, usually on Sundays and holy days, like Christmas and Easter