Abrahamic- Judaism, Islam, Christianity. Eastern- Sikhism. Dying- Zoroastrianism. Monotheism- Definition. Worship of ‘One’ God. Some Religions are more monotheistic than others, EX: Duality, Angels, Demons, trinity, semi- divine prophets, Satan . ID: 617588
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Abrahamic- Judaism, Islam, ChristianityEastern- SikhismDying- ZoroastrianismSlide2
Worship of ‘One’ God
Some Religions are more monotheistic than others, EX: Duality, Angels, Demons, trinity, semi- divine prophets, Satan
Why did some religions become monotheistic?
What are some inevitable effects of a monotheistic faith on practitioners?
Consider throughout the presentation: As compared to polytheistic religions, what are some benefits and drawbacks to societies which practice monotheism?Slide3
Traits of Monotheism
Idealization of God (Platonic Forms)
Duality of good and evil in order to preserve the ‘ideal’ of God.*
Idea of Salvation, either in this world or the next
Typically more dogmatic/ structured in terms of beliefs, practice and moral codes
Loss of ‘feminine’ elements of
‘Revealed’ sacred texts- in a literal sense
*- Judaism is the exceptionSlide4
What does it mean?
What are the secondary effects of absolute belief, positive and negative?Slide5
Idealization of God
‘God’ loses his* anthropomorphic qualities
Transition in Judaism- not immediate, as the religion progressive over centuries, God (YHWH) becomes less ‘human’ and more revered.
Other deities lose importance
However, in Judaism, Satan is not used as a division of evil from God- Satan means “
”- viewed as aSlide6
Shift from Polytheism/ Anthropomorphism to Monotheism
- Plural article, singular noun
obviously anthropomorphic expression is found in Genesis:
("the image of God"), and there are references to actually "seeing" God (Ex. 24:10–12; Num. 12:8).
the mouth of the Lord" speaks to the prophets (both in Torah and Prophets); the heavens are the work of His fingers (Ps. 8:4), and the tablets of the covenant are written by the finger of God (Ex. 31:18).
times the personification is startlingly extreme: God (or His voice) "walks about in the garden" (Gen. 3:8); He "goes down" in order to see what is being done on the earth (Gen. 11:5; 18:21) or in order to reveal Himself there (Ex. 19:18; 34:5), and He "goes up again" (Gen. 17:22; 35:13); He goes through the land of Egypt and passes over the houses of the Israelites (Ex. 12:12–13); He sits on a throne (Isa. 6:1), causes His voice to be heard among the cherubim who are over the ark of the tabernacle (Num. 7:89), dwells in Zion and in Jerusalem (Ps. 132:13; 135:21); the hair of His head is as wool (Dan. 7:9); Moses sees "His back" (Ex. 33:23).
Read Genesis 6 in groups of 4 and cite at least 3 examples which illustrate this transition.Slide7
- The Hebrew
founded Judaism around
Founded by Jesus Christ
, who was crucified around A.D. 30 in Jerusalem. It was after his death when his followers came to believe in him as the
the Messiah from
, who is considered to be a prophet between
A.D. 610 and A.D.
Judaism is around
and is the
world's four major
monotheistic religions (religions with only one God). It's also the
, with only about
followers around the world.
The holy land is considered to be the promised land of Canaan, which includes modern day Israel, Palestine and portions of Lebanon, Jordan, Syria and Egypt.Slide9
Jews believe that there is a
who not only created the universe, but with whom every Jew can have an individual and personal relationship.
They await the Messiah
, who will be an earthly king. They believe in heaven, but that God determines where they go after life on earth.
They are bound to the 613 commandments of the Torah which command aspects of spiritual, cultural and physical life.Slide10
Judaism Holy Book
Torah, the first 5 books of the
- Prophets/ Prophecy
- Writings (Poetry, histories, and psalms)
include Judaism's oral tradition, the written form of which is known as the Talmud.
The Torah (
scroll of teachings
) contains the five books revealed to Moses by God on Mount Sinai.
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and
Judaism Place of Worship
Jews worship in Synagogues or temples. Men and women usually sit separately.Worship is led by a Rabbi.Friday evening is time for worship, Saturday is the ‘Sabbath’(Sun-down Friday to Sundown Saturday)
Stamford Hill, LondonSlide12
Major aspects of the faith
High levels of gender inequality in ‘traditional’ and ‘Orthodox’ Judaism. (no priestesses, God generally described in male pronouns, Torah disproportionately controls female behavior ect.)Afterlife is not a focus of the faith. Breif mentions throughout the Tanakh of ‘Sheol”, simply translating as ‘ the grave.’ Mentions of necromancing gives some indication of ideas of spiritual immortality.Humans have free will, and must choose between their own good and evil nature- personal responsibility
Life is to be lived according to God’s commandments in order to honor and keep the covenant
No rationalization of God’s commandments
Emphasis on community, equality and charity
Emphasis on otherness of gentiles/ segregation of Jewish from non-Jewish, led to preservation of culture throughout exile.
Non- missionary (unique for monotheism)Slide13
Adam and Eve and the fall from grace (2 contradictory versions back to back Genesis 1 and 2Noah and the Flood Genesis 6Abraham and the CovenantJacob and his sons
Moses and the
Examples of female centered stories:
Ruth and Naomi
Pick two of the stories to read in their entiretySlide15
Likely founded a couple centuries before Judaism in Persia (Modern day IranFirst (semi) monotheistic religion.Religious Syncretism throughout the Middle Eastern region resulted in Zoroastrian traits finding their way into the modern monotheistic religions.
Zoroastrianism is nearly a dead faith,
but is remembered for its
contributions to the foundations of all modern Monotheistic faiths
Declined after the rise of Islam in the Middle EastSlide16
Duality- Zoroastrianism and the Abrahamic faiths
Duality between Good/ Evil
Final judgment where good and evil realms will be entirely separated
First idea of judgment based on morality after death leading to heaven/ hell (Christianity) Paradise/ Hell (Islam)
First ‘Satan’ figure to further idealize god-’
as opposed to the idealized deity-
between Judaism and
-5 examples of syncretism between the
Zoroastrianism and the Abrahamic faiths
Write 3 specific attributes of the Zoroastrian faithSlide17
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