Role of Emotion in Information Retrieval for Entertainment Position Paper Yashar - PDF document

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Role of Emotion in Information Retrieval for Entertainment Position Paper Yashar
Role of Emotion in Information Retrieval for Entertainment Position Paper Yashar

Role of Emotion in Information Retrieval for Entertainment Position Paper Yashar - Description


glaacuk Joemon M Jose School of Computing Science University of Glasgow Glasgow UK JoemonJoseglasgowacuk ABSTRACT The main objective of Information Retrieval IR systems is to satisfy searchers needs A great deal of research has been conducted in the ID: 3749 Download Pdf

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standtheIR&Sbehaviourbackedupbyanentertainmentaspect.Thepositionofthispaperisthatemotionisapri-marymotivation(eitherdirectlyorindirectly)behindanentertainment-basedIR&Sbehaviour.Therestofthepaperisorganisedasfollows:Section2discussesKuhlthau's[3]model,followedbyourapproachinSection3anddiscussionandconclusioninSection4.2.EMOTIONINIR/ISTherearemanytheoriesandmodelsthatattempttoex-plaintheinformationseekingbehaviour.Kuhlthau'sinfor-mationseekingprocessmodelisoneofthe rstandmostpopularmodelstoinvestigatethea ectivealongwithcog-nitiveandphysicalaspectsofasearcherinaninforma-tionseekingprocess.Sheproposesthatpeople'sfeelings,thoughtsandactionsinteractwithintheirinformationseek-ingprocess.Kuhlthau'sinformationseekingprocessmodeldescribesthesearchers'commonpatternsofseekingmean-ingfrominformation,toextendtheirknowledgestateonacomplexproblemortopicwhichhasadiscretebeginningandending[3].ThefundamentalprinciplebehindKuhlthau'sinformationseekingprocessistheuncertaintyprinciple[3].Thisreferstotheexistenceofacognitivestatewhichcausesfeelingsofanxietyandlackofcon dence.Feelingsofdoubt,anxietyandfrustrationareinassociationwithvagueandunclearthoughts.Themodelshowsthatduringatypicalinformationseekingprocess,thethoughtsofasearcherbe-comeclearandconsequentlytheircon denceincreasesandtheirfeelingofdoubt,anxietyandfrustrationdecrease.Althoughthismodelisanimportantsteptowardsunder-standingtheroleofemotioninIR/IS,itdoesnotencom-passmanyimportantaspectsofemotioninIR.Kuhlthauconsidersemotion/a ectasafactorin uencingtheinforma-tionseekingprocess,ratherthananeedinitself.Moreover,Kuhlthau'smodelislimitedbymakinguncertaintycentral,i.e.,asdrivingtheseekingprocesswhilewearguethatpos-itiveornegativeemotionstates,highorlowarousallevel,suchasstressorboredomrespectively,couldalsomotivateuserstoengageinaninformationseekingbehaviour.There-fore,akeylimitationliesinthefactthatthea ectivesideofsearchersisinterpretedasonlybeingasecondarymoti-vationalsourceforinformationneed.Inthispaper,wecon-sideremotionasaseparateneed.Thisisexploredfurtherinnextsection.3.APPROACHThegoalofthissectionistoarguethatemotionshouldbeconsideredastheprimaryfactorinentertainment-basedIR&Sbehaviour:emotioncanbeconsideredasanindivid-ualneedwhichcanmotivatesearcherstoengageinanIR&Sprocess.Thesecondaryfactorofemotionreferstothefactthatemotion(inrelationtocognition)in uenceseveryas-pectofthesearchers'IR&Sbehaviour,andcanthusin u-encethesuccessorfailureofanIR&Sprocess.First,wewillelaborateonemotionasasecondaryfactorinIR&Sprocess.AsdiscussedinSection2,thesecondarynatureofemotioninIR&Sscenarioshasbeeninvestigatedforalongtime[3].Theresultsofsuchinvestigationsshowthat(i)participantsexperienceaburstofnegativefeelingsduetouncertaintyassociatedwithvaguethoughts,leadingthemtorecognisethattheyhaveaninformationneed;andthat(ii)thereisapositivecorrelationbetweenasuccessfulinformationseekingprocessandadecreaseinthesenegativefeelings[3].Fromthispointofview,notonlyisemotionafactorthatexiststhroughoutanIR&SprocesswhichaimstomeetanIN,butalsoitcanbeconsideredasaneed:theneedtochangenegativefeelingscausedbyuncertaintyduringtheinitiationphase(e.g.feelingsofdoubt,anxietyandfrustration)tofeelingsofsatisfactionandcomfort.Whentheemotionneedofthesearcheristodiminishthenegativefeelingsassociatedwithalackofknowledge(i.e.,anIN),theemotionneedwouldbesatis ediftheINassoci-atedwithitisresolved.However,inanentertainment-basedIR&Sprocess,theemotionneedofthesearcherisnotasso-ciatedwithaparticularIN,andisanautonomousneedbyitself.Anexampleofsuchneedsarethescenarioswherethesearchersarestressedandlookatsomeclipsthatcouldhelptorelievetheirstress,e.g.,whensearchersareseekingforfunnyclipsinYouTube.Ofcourse,onewayof ndingtheseclipsisbylookingatthepopular(mostviewed/highlyrec-ommended)videos.Insuchscenariothereisnoparticularinformationneedtoberesolved,butonlyanemotionneed.Fromtheabove,wecannowarguethatemotioninanentertainment-basedIR&Sprocessactsasaprimaryfactor,i.e.asanautonomousandimportantneed.4.CONCLUSIONSInthispaper,weexplainedtheroleofemotioninentertain-ment-basedIR&Sbehaviour.Weexplainedthatinthenor-mativeviewofIR/IS,thefocusisonthesatisfactionofsearchers'IN.Althoughtheroleofemotionisacknowledgedasafactorin uencingthewholeIR&Sbehaviour,itsrolewaslimitedtothestudyofitsin uenceontheprocessofsatisfyinganIN.However,emotioncanbeasourceofmo-tivationonitsownforasearchertoengageinanIR&Sprocess.SuchscenarioshavenotbeenconsideredintheIR/IScommunity,andthismotivatedthede nitionoftheemotionneedconcept.WearguedthatthereareemotionneedsthatcanmotivatesearcherstoengageinIR&Sbe-haviourwhichstrictlyspeakingdoesnothaveanIN.ThepervasivenessoftheuseofIRapplicationsforthepurposeofentertainmentandtheexistenceofemotionally-richdataonthewebprovidesevidencethatsomeinformationseekingbehaviourcanbecategorisedunderotherstrategiesthanin-formationneedthatcanleadtobettersatisfactionofthesearchers'needs.Givenalltheseevidences,theconclusionofthispaperisthatemotionactasaprimaryfactorbehindentertainment-basedIR&Sbehaviours.Finally,thereisnotmuchresearchaboutentertainment-basedIR&Sprocesses.Thisisduetothelimitationsassociatedwithit,suchaslackofdatasets,evaluationmethodology,metricsandprocedure.Anattempttosolvesuchlimitationsisapossibledirectionforfuturework.5.REFERENCES[1]I.Arapakis,Y.Moshfeghi,H.Joho,R.Ren,D.Hannah,andJ.M.Jose.Enrichinguserpro lingwitha ectivefeaturesfortheimprovementofamultimodalrecommendersystem.InCIVR,2009.[2]D.Elsweiler,S.Mandl,andB.KirkegaardLunn.Understandingcasual-leisureinformationneeds:adiarystudyinthecontextoftelevisionviewing.InIIiX'10,pages25{34,2010.[3]C.C.Kuhlthau.Aprincipleofuncertaintyforinformationseeking.JournalofDocumentation,49(4):339{355,1993.[4]I.Lopatovska.Emotionalcorrelatesofinformationretrievalbehaviors.InWACI'11,pages1{7,april2011.[5]Y.Mosheghi.RoleofEmotinoinInformationRetrieval.PhDthesis,UniversityofGlasgow,2012.[6]T.A.Wilson.Onuserstudiesandinformationneeds.JournalofDocumentation,37(1):3{15,1993.

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