Unit 1 Canada the Turn of the 20 th Century 19001914 Introduction As we have discovered at the beginning of the 20 th century Canada was very much a young country Following the emergence of Wilfred Laurier as our Prime Minister in 1896 new immigration policies appeared that wou ID: 568305 Download Presentation
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Unit 1: Canada @ the Turn of the . 20. th. Century (1900-1914) . Introduction. As we have discovered, at the beginning of the 20. th. century, Canada was very much a young country. Following the emergence of Wilfred Laurier as our Prime Minister in 1896, new immigration policies appeared that would transform Canada forever.
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Presentation on theme: "1.1: Immigration"— Presentation transcript:
Unit 1: Canada @ the Turn of the
Century (1900-1914) Slide2
As we have discovered, at the beginning of the 20
century, Canada was very much a young country
Following the emergence of Wilfred Laurier as our Prime Minister in 1896, new immigration policies appeared that would transform Canada forever
While the Laurier government began targeting select groups to encourage settlement & growth, particularly in Western Canada, simultaneously, it discouraged others from moving here Slide3
Sir Wilfred Laurier
Laurier served as our Prime Minister from 1896 – 1911 during a period of growth & prosperity
French-Canadian PM, he came to power as a world-wide economic depression was ending
“The nineteenth century was the century of the United States. I think that we can claim that it is Canada that shall fill the twentieth century”Slide4
One of Laurier’s greatest achievement was increasing immigration
Between 1901-1914, Canada’s population jumped from 5,370,000 to 8,000,000 with many people originating from areas other than Great Britain & the USA
The foundation was laid then for the cultural mosaic that we currently haveSlide5
On the following slides are images associated with the Last Best West immigration advertising campaign that was launched by Clifford Sifton & the Laurier government
As we view, make note of the various pull factors contained within them that was intended to showcase Canada as an attract place to live for the prospective immigrantsSlide24Slide25Slide26Slide27Slide28
While Sifton advertised that settlers could claim up to 160 acres of free land in Canada, this claim wasn't entirely true.
Settlers still had to pay a land registration fee of $10 - or roughly $150 in modern-day currency once inflation is factored in - under the
Dominion Lands Act
This also didn't cover the cost of equipment and animals for the land, not to mention the cost of building shelter.
Many settlers during their first year would build sod houses (soddies), as they simply couldn't afford to build their own homes out of lumber.Slide30
A Changing Canada
While the majority of immigrants in the years 1900-1914 came to farm the West, many Europeans also settled in other parts of Canada
Immigrants found work on the expanding railways and mines, in lumber camps of Northern Ontario & the Maritime, or in factories of growing citiesSlide31Slide32
A Changing Canada
By 1905, enough people were living in the Northwest Territories that the federal government decided to create two new provinces, Alberta and Saskatchewan.Slide33
When Frank Oliver favoured immigrants to Canada's West from certain regions believed to have the settlers best suited to life on the Prairies.
He tended to support the immigration of those who came from the following regions in this exact order of preference:
nearby Canadian provinces
the United Statesnorthwestern Europe Slide34
Legislation was passed in 1908 requiring all immigrants to come to Canada directly from their country of origin.
This shut off immigration from India, since there was no direct steamship line.
On May 23, 1914, 376 prospective East Indian immigrants arrived in Vancouver Harbour on board the Komagatu Maru. Slide35
It stayed there with its human cargo for two months while the legality of an exclusion order was tested.
The order was upheld and the vessel and passengers were sent back to sea cheered on by local residents. Slide36