Family Routines and Rituals
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Family Routines and Rituals

Mary . Spagnola. , PhD; Barbara . Fieses. , PhD. Family Routines and Rituals. Routines and rituals provide predictable structure that guides behavior and emotional structure that supports early development..

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Family Routines and Rituals




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Presentation on theme: "Family Routines and Rituals"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Family Routines and Rituals

Mary

Spagnola

, PhD; Barbara

Fieses

, PhD

Slide2

Family Routines and Rituals

Routines and rituals provide predictable structure that guides behavior and emotional structure that supports early development.

Variations in the practice of routines and the meanings connected to rituals are associated with variations in

socioemotional

, language, academic, and social skill development

Slide3

Family Routines and Rituals

Routines and Rituals- Both refer to specific, repeated practices that involve 2 or more family members.

Routines- Communication is instrumental, monetary time commitment involved, and are repeated regularly. They hold no special meaning.

Rituals- Communication has symbolic meaning, the time commitment and continuity of the ritual continues through generations.

Slide4

Dinnertime

Features of both routines and rituals

Some practices do not have special meaning

Distributing food, doing dishes, etc

.

Meaningful and symbolic elements

Saying grace, eating certain foods, telling

storiesRituals are distinct and unique to a particular family, reflecting family identity, culture, and shared values.

Slide5

Family Routines and Language

Routines are often rich with language, exposing children to a broad range of its use.

Narratives

Explanations

Meta- Language- draws the listener’s attention to language by using terms such as “say, ask, talk, and read”

Common at the dinner table

Clarifications

Cultural rules

Slide6

Academic Skill Development

Reading routines support development of early literacy skills.

Encourages continued enjoyment of reading into school years

Joint book reading

Routines with book reading

Family routines ease transition to

school by teaching what will be

culturally expected in school.

Slide7

Social Skill Development

Routines and Rituals provide a structure for the socialization of culturally acceptable behavior.

Preschool years- begin making choices about routines and practice new skills.

Cultural differences

Foster skill development and connections with others

Slide8

Family Routines, Rituals, and Relationships

Family rituals and relationship satisfaction during the transition to parenthood are associated

Variations in family interaction patterns at ritual gatherings are related to child

socioemotional

functioning.

Slide9

Marital Satisfaction and Family Stability

New parents must learn to integrate feeding, bathing, and naptime routines into their lives

These routines are established easier when the marital bond is stronger.

Routines and Rituals evolve over time.

Couplehood

” to “Parenthood”

Parents of infants report fewer rituals and less investment in them than parents of preschoolers

Slide10

Marital Satisfaction and Family Stability

Marital stability is associated with healthy child

socioemotional

adjustment.

Family routines and rituals are associated with the quality of the marital relationship.

Mothers of preschoolers reported less satisfaction in their marriage when little meaning was associated with their family rituals

Slide11

Divorce

Divorce disrupts family life

Less family stability and consistency

Routines and rules may be different in each home.

Parents who resolve their differences and agree on a set of rules and routines in both homes, provide the most stability for their child.

Meaningful rituals may protect children from the disruptions associated with divorce.

Slide12

Emotional Investments

Repeated family gatherings offer the opportunity to create strong emotional bonds.

Dinnertime conversations

Single Parents- more social interaction with children.

Married Parents- spend 25% of mealtime talking to each other

Routine gatherings form the foundation for rituals that are built on emotional connections.

Slide13

Family Transactions and Routines

Parent must adjust routines and rituals to particular child.

The child contributes to the regulation of family life.

It takes time to develop routines.

A pattern or routine that works for one child may not work for another child.

Dynamic

interplay of the individual characteristics of the children and the parents that form the collective routines of family life.

Slide14

Regular sleep cycle

Biological Rhythms Heart Beat

Worry & Concern Parent Style Observant

Calmed by back rub

Establish back rub routine

Settled to sleep

Parent feels confident

Parent

Child

Transaction Model Example

Slide15

Social skill impairment

Feeding difficulty

Intrusive interaction style

Disengage and food refusal

Persistence and coaxing

Tantrum

Gives up routine

Parent

Child

Transaction Model Example

Slide16

Mechanism of Effect

Three mechanism of effect are associated with the creation of predictable routines.

Parental efficacy

Behavior monitoring

Coherence of family

relationships

Predictable and regular routines mediate the effects of parental efficacy on positive child outcomes

Slide17

Parental Efficacy

Important for families with young children.

Mothers of infants felt more competent with their parenting role if they reported regular household routines.

Parents who engage in more daily caregiving routines

M

ore comfortable with the tasks

Greater sense of accomplishment

Routines more likely to continue over time

Slide18

Behavior Monitoring

Monitoring is an important part of family routines

More active monitoring decreases risky behaviors in children

Parents who feel competent in carrying out routines may be better equipped to track their children’s activities.

Slide19

Coherence and Family Relationships

The symbolic nature of family rituals and the emotional connections that are made over time.

Adaptive family functioning-rituals promote forming trustworthy and reliable relationships

Ritual Meaning Quality of Life

Slide20

Assessment for young children

Questionnaires

Advantages

Time and cost efficient

Stronger psychometrics

Comparisons across groups

Direct Observations

Observational methods can involve direct or videotaped observations of families carrying out daily routines.

Interviews

Families can clarify and expand on meaning of practices

Track across generations

Disadvantages

Not as useful for interventions

Slide21

Interventions

Remediation

Changes the way the child behaves toward the parent.

Redefinition

Changes the way the parent interprets the child’s behavior.

Reeducation

Changes the way the parent acts with the child through increased knowledge.

Slide22

Conclusion

Families

can identify activities that they regularly engage in, look forward to, and would miss if not regularly practiced as a group.

Routines and rituals ease transitions and foster a sense of autonomy while maintaining connections with the family.

Slide23

Crash in the Andes

The survivors became a family

Routines

Assigned tasks

Food Rationing

Sleep Assignments and Rotation

Rituals

Nightly Rosary

Slide24