Making Thinking Visible
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Making Thinking Visible

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Making Thinking Visible

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Presentation on theme: "Making Thinking Visible"— Presentation transcript:


Making Thinking Visible

Going Deeper with Students via


Acquire vs. Understand

Observing closely and describing what’s there

Building explanations and interpretations

Reasoning with evidence

Making connections

Considering different viewpoints and perspectives

Capturing the heart and forming conclusions


Categories of Thinking Routines

Routines for Introducing and Exploring Ideas

Routines for Synthesizing and Organizing Ideas

Routines for Digging Deeper into Ideas


Introducing and Exploring Ideas

Routines for


Zoom In


Zoom In


Zoom In

Look closely at a small bit of an imageWhat do you see or notice?Why is your hypothesis/interpretation of what this might be?Reveal more of imageWhat new things do you see?How does this change your hypothesis?What are you wondering about?Repeat reveal and questioningWhat lingering questions remain?


Balance of Documenting and Discourse





What do you THINK you know about this topic?What questions or PUZZLES do you have about this topic?How might you EXPLORE the puzzles we have around this topic?

Moves beyond a simple KWL

chart to create a less fact-driven and more process and inquiry oriented activity

Helps teacher locate misconceptions

Encourages ownership of learning


Synthesizing and Organizing Ideas

Routines for


I Used to Think…Now I Think

Takes end-of-unit reflection to a deeper levelMoves focus from activities to thinkingUnderstanding comes from not just getting new information but results in changes in thinkingDevelops reasoning abilitiesHelps students recognize cause and effect relationshipsPromotes metacognition



GENERATE a list of ideas/initial thoughts on a topic or issueSORT the ideasCONNECT the ideas by drawing lines between the ideas that have something in commonELABORATE on those ideas by adding new ideas that expand and extend your initial thinking

Why it works?

Goes beyond a basic concept map

Organizes our thinking

Illuminates how ideas relate to each other

Solidifies thinking as well as reveals it to others




Digging Deeper into Ideas

Routines for


What Makes You Say That?

Helps students identify the basis for their thinking by asking them to elaborate on the thinking that lies behind a response.Fosters reasoning with EVIDENCEDeepens a discussionCorrectness of a response doesn’t lie with the authority, but in evidence

Can be woven into discussions at any level and any point

Look for moments when:

An assertion is made

Explanations are given

Interpretations are provided

Opinions offered



Notes from the Field

The routines move from scripted to natural

Repeated use of a few routines leads to deeper thinking

Students begin to utilize the routines and language without prompting

Don’t bite off more than you can chew

Documenting thinking is


from writing on a worksheet

The role of intellectual discourse is essential to success