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Presentation on theme: "Photographs"— Presentation transcript:



Using Photoshop to edit




Photograph Guidelines


Images for Editing

Making Selections in Photoshop

Magic Wand, Quick Selection, Marquee, and Lasso Tools

Coloring in Selections


Photograph Guidelines

When working with photographs – there are several concepts to remember if you are taking your own pictures.Just because you can google an image and save it, doesn’t mean it is ok to use it!Phone quality is catching up with what the high-end DSLRs (Digital Single Lens Reflex) are capable of.


Photograph Guidelines

Rule of Thirds:Assists with making the design/layout of a space more interestingNote our Goat– 1/3 of the left, 1/3 downWe call this location a Power Point


Photograph Guidelines

Leading Lines:Creates visual guides our eyes will followWe normally like to follow from the left to the right


Photograph Guidelines

Try to obtain an odd number of objects (3, 5, etc.)Keeps the design more interestingMake sure the layout of the frame makes it clear what the subject is.Example – What is the ‘subject’ of the image to the left?


Photograph Guidelines

Do NOT Crop on a Joint!It can ruin a good shot/photographAlso confuses our eyes and throws the viewer off when looking at your subject.


Opening Images for Editing

Working with Photographs in Photoshop


Opening Images for Editing

Download the ThreePix.psd document, if necessaryTwo methods for opening files:Double-Click the file (Photoshop will open and then open your document), orNavigate to the start menu and open Photoshop, then choose File > Open from the main menuBrowse to and select ThreePix.psd to open it.



Opening Images for Editing

Show the rulers and check the size of the Image:Show the rulers by either hitting Ctrl + R or by going to View > RulersTo change the rulers’ measurement values, hover your cursor over the ruler and right-click to see the measurement options (units)If your ruler is not set to Pixels, highlight and click Pixels (Do this for both rulers)


Opening Images for Editing

Notice the size of the image (3400 pixels by 1600 pixels (3400x1600))Select Image > Image Size to see the actual sizeView the pixelsClose the Image Size WindowNow Rotate the image by 90 degrees clockwise:Choose Image > Image Rotation > 90 Degrees Clockwise


Opening Images for Editing

Background Layers in Photoshop have limited capabilitiesNOTE: Every file you open or create in Photoshop, by default, will have a locked background layerWe can release the background layer and turn it into a standard layer when/if necessaryOpen the Layers panel (Window > Layers or F7) if it is not already open.To make a Background layer into a general layer there are two methods:Double-Click the background Layer, orRight-Click the background Layer and choose Layer from BackgroundRename the Layer to England


Opening Images for Editing

The Right

Click method from Previous Slide

to convert a background layer to a standard



Making Selections in Photoshop

The Marquees, Lassos & Magic Wand Tools


Making Selections

The first group of 9 tools are used to make selections.In Photoshop, selections are based upon pixels, not objects (i.e. Illustrator)Making Selections in Photoshop requires a selection tool to be used, then the selection is adjusted by adding additional selects or deleting selectionsThese tools can also create safe areas to be colored in as wellWhen you have a small arrow in the lower right corner of a tool, this means it is a collapsed icon. Click and hold over the tool to expand the toolAll Adobe Products work like this. They try and group the similar tools together.


Making Selections (Magic Wand Tool)

Zoom in or locate your Bath Photograph.Select the Magic Wand Tool (Collapsed under the Quick Selection Tool)

Click in the Bath sky area, up and to the right.Notice the Marching Ants


Making Selections (Magic Wand Tool)

The Magic Wand Tool relies on


, or the range of pixel contrasts to select.

By clicking on a spot (pixel), Photoshop looks for pixels darker and lighter than the one selected.

Larger the


number, the more pixels are selected.


add to a an existing selection


the sky to the left of the statue to add to the existing selection


Making Selections (Magic Wand Tool)

Notice the selection has “hard” edges, to soften the edges (aka Feather) choose Select > Modify > FeatherChange to about 50 pixels and notice what happens to the selected areaHit Cancel –Notice the marching ants are still on your imageTo get rid of the selection – Use Select > Deselect (CTRL+D) to clear the selection and work with the image as a whole again.


Making Selections (Quick Selection Tool)

Compared to its Magic Wand counterpart – uses a brush concept to ‘paint’ in the selection or ‘paint’ off the selection.Working with the Statue/Bath Picture, use the Quick Selection Tool to make a selection around the houseMake sure the brush is small, try 30 ptClick on the small top building.




Click and drag ,“paint”, his robe.


Making Selections (Quick Selection Tool)

Deselecting part of a Selection:Use Alt + Click to delete part of a selectionAdding to a Selection:Use Shift + Click to add to a selectionExample:If the sky was also selected when clicking the top portion of the building, click in the sky area and deselect it using Alt + ClickDeselect the buildingCtrl-D to deselect entire selection


Making Selections (Marquee Tool)

Four Marquee Tools (Rectangular, Elliptical, Single Row, Single Column)Main ones used: Rectangular & EllipticalTrying a Marquee ToolSelect the Rectangular Marquee ToolSelect the top of the HouseCtrl + D (Deselect)If you hold in the Shift key using the Rectangular or Elliptical Tool, it will force the tool to select in either a square or a circle


Making Selections (Lasso Tool)

Three Lasso Tool Types (Lasso, Polygonal Lasso & Magnetic Lasso)All three work in a similar manner:Click to set a start pointDrag away from the start point and begin to make your selectionClick to add additional anchor pointsClose the selection by bringing the lasso back around to the starting point and click the starting point to close the selection.


Making Selections (Lasso Tool)

Using the top of the House, try the Lasso ToolFree-hand selection tool, you control everythingCTRL + D (Deselect)Now try the Magnetic Lasso ToolClick to set a starting point – notice how the lasso follows along the edge of the pixelsUses tolerance and contrast to find the edgesDeselect when done practicing


Coloring in Selections

Using the selection tools to create protected areas



Specify brush properties


Coloring using Selections

Using the statue/bath house image, select the sky around the statueNavigate to the Toolbar and click the Set Foreground Color ToolSelect the swatch color from the Swatches color Panel (Window > Swatches)…a light blue…or color pickerThere are 3 methods for coloring in a selected Area:Using the Fill option from the Edit>Fill DropdownPainting in the SelectionUsing the Paint Bucket Tool


Coloring using Selections

Method # 1: Using the Foreground Color value for Contents dChoose Edit > Fill (Shift + F5)Select the Options as seen in the Screen Shot:(Note: Remember the Foreground Color was already set in the last slide)Hit OK, you should now see your color applied in the selected areasDo Edit > Undo (CTRL + Z) To try the next method



Ctrl Z


Coloring using Selections

Method #2 Using the Paint Bucket Tool (collapsed under the gradient toolClick in the selected areas to apply the foreground colorDo Edit > Undo (CTRL + Z) To try the next method


Coloring using Selections

Method # 3: Using the Brush Tool to color in SelectionsSelect the Brush Tool (fig. 1)Under the Properties Bar, set a Size and Hardness for the Brush (fig. 2)Make sure the Mode is set to Normal (Should be by default) (fig. 3)

Fig. 1

Fig. 2

Fig. 3


Coloring using Selections

Using the Brush Tool, begin to paint in the selected areaEven try painting over the soldier, notice it only applies the color to the selection area.An excellent method for ‘protecting’ the rest of an imageOK, painting a car is next .