COLONIALISM PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

COLONIALISM PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

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North American. Example. France. 2) England. FRANCE. 1603-1635= Samuel de Champlain. “father of New France”. Made several trips to explore Canadian wilderness. Important ‘discovered’ places:. ID: 461073

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COLONIALISM

North American ExampleFrance2) England

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FRANCE

1603-1635= Samuel de Champlain

“father of New France”

Made several trips to explore Canadian wilderness

Important ‘discovered’ places:

St. Lawrence River

Niagara Falls

Lake Champlain

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First French settlement

1608Trading post called QuebecThis with St Lawrence helped France gain control of fur tradeSettlement grew slowlyMore interested in trade than in ‘settling’

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IN SEARCH OF FUR!

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ENGLAND’S FIRST CLAIM

1497= King Henry VII sent John Cabot and son Sebastian (Italians) to seek and claim land for England

Summer=explored Newfoundland

=sailed south along Atlantic coast

English not impressed=thought it was barren and rocky continent

Found fishing grounds and with invention of curing cod=mid-1500’s fishermen regularly travel there

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John Cabot

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Fishermen

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ENGLAND

FIRST PERMANENT SETTLEMENT2. JAMESTOWN 3.1607 3. Corporate colony 4. Sponsored by the London Company 4. group English merchants given charter by King James

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1. JAMESTOWN

2. Founding of 3. 1606 3. 120-140? men and boys cross Atlantic 3. three tiny ships but no real mishaps 3. May 1607 founded Jamestown on James River 4. in honor of King

King James

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2. FOOLISHNESS

3. Settled in swampy area

4. At water’s edge

4. Flat land good for defense

4. Disease prone

5. Mosquito’s with malaria

5. ‘toilets’ don’t drain

3. Failed to plant crops

3. Wasted time looking for gold

3. Mistreated Indians who had helped them

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BIG PROBLEM

“GENTLEMEN” don’t do manual labor summer illnesses= 32 people died natives saved those left by bringing food

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Pocahontas story

1 John Smith 2 became leader 2 got men to work 2 interacted with natives 3 lied to them 4 we will leave 2 was not in love with her

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Jamestown timeline

1608= women arrive1609= Smith injured & leaves colony1609-10= famine/”starving time”1610= spring only 60 alive1610= decide to abandon colony

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Pocahontas

John Smith

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SAVED

The survivors meet an in-coming ship carrying brand new settlers SO- they turned around and Jamestown continued

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STATISTICS

BETWEEN 1606-1622 London Co.

sent 10,000 colonists to Virginia

> 2,000 alive in 1622

Company tried

Head Right System:

50 acres of free land per person!

Indentured Servants:

poor promised to work for free passage to Americas (free after set # of years)

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2. TOBACCO

3. cash crop saved the colony3. Introduced by John Rolfe in 1612 4. Pocahontas’s real husband3. Could be grown among stumps of cut trees

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1624 King James disbands the company and takes control of colony himself

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The Puritan Era

THE PILGRIMSEarly 1600’s

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2. Characteristics

3. God centered lives 3. concerned with sin & salvation 3. God owns all things 3. man is bad by nature

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2. Who they were

3. Called Puritans

4. goal to purify the Church of England from elaborate rituals

3. Were Calvinists

4.people are sinners

4.predestination

4. must be vigilant about own behavior and that of neighbors

3. sins

4. Drunkenness

4. Swearing

4.theft

4.assault

4.idleness

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Why leave Europe ?

King James was determined to punish those who did not follow his church’s ritualsOne group of Puritans separated themselves from Church of England and moved to Holland to get away from King James I

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Why leave Europe?

2. The Dutch (Holland) 3. were tolerant2. Separatists (Puritans) discouraged 3. children seemed more Dutch than English SO…2. set up own religious community in New World ***WANTED TO PRACTICE THEIR RELIGION IN PEACE***

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1. How they got there.

2. The Mayflower! 3. 1620 set sail in 2 ships 4. 1 was leaky 3. All gathered on Mayflower(not all Pilgrims were separtists) **Landed on Cape Cod, Massachutes***

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1. How they will govern

2. The Mayflower Compact

3. 41 men gathered in the main cabin

3. All signed the ‘compact’=agreement

3. Set out type of government they wanted

4. laws approved by majority

4. authority is in the people

4. choose own governor

(no women or servants could vote)

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The Mayflower Compact

..”combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for our better ordering and preservation and…do enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the colony.”

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1. Thanksgiving

2. November 1621, one year after their arrival 3. Invited local Indians who had helped them all year to a feast 3. 3-day feast 4.sqash 4. beans 4.corn 4. turkey, 4. ducks, 4. geese 4. deerA time of thanksgiving to God

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2. Society

3. Simple, no frills3. Devoted to prayer3. Church & state the same thing 4. theocracy3. Laws based on Bible

Landing at Plymouth Rock

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2. NO-NO’S

3. NO MUSIC EXCEPT CHURCH HYMNS3. NO ART 4. IT’S FRIVOLOUS3. NO LITERATURE 4. EXCEPT Bible, history of life in New World and personal letters

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2. CLOTHING

3. Mostly Black and White3. Plain style3. No buttons, lace, adornments3. No silk, velvet or satin

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Extra credit literature

Primary Sources

*

John Smith, “The Founding of Jamestown”

*William Bradford, “The Mayflower Compact”

*Anne Bradstreet, “Upon the Burning of Our House”

*Jonathan Edwards, “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”

*

Cotton Mather, “Wonders of the Invisible World, Salem Witch Trials”

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THE END

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