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Citing Textual Evidence Explicit Textual Evidence

When we read, we are often asked to answer questions or express our ideas about the text.. Why use Explicit Textual Evidence. In order to let people know that we aren’t just making stuff up, we should always use Explicit Textual Evidence to support our answers, ideas, or opinions about texts we read..

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Citing Textual Evidence Explicit Textual Evidence






Presentation on theme: "Citing Textual Evidence Explicit Textual Evidence"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Citing Textual Evidence

Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide2

When we read, we are often asked to answer questions or express our ideas about the text.

Why use Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide3

In order to let people know that we aren’t just making stuff up, we should always use Explicit Textual Evidence to support our answers, ideas, or opinions about texts we read.

Why Use Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide4

In real life, people who can back up an opinion or idea with Explicit Textual Evidence are taken more seriously than people who can only give a reason of “just because.”

Why use Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide5

The name really says it all…

Explicit

= direct

Textual = from the text

Evidence

= support for your answer, idea, or opinion

What is Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide6

Giving Explicit Textual Evidence about your answers, ideas, or opinions regarding a text is pretty simple. You just have to do three things:

State your idea

Specify what in the text led you to that idea

Comment on the evidence

How to give Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide7

State your idea:

State the idea you had about the text. If you are responding to a specific question, be sure your idea addresses the question.

How to give Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide8

State your idea (continued)…

Your ideas concerning a text might be about…

what the text says directly

the author’s point of view or opinion on the topic

a writing technique the author used to emphasize or enhance part of the text

t

he author’s purpose for writing or intended audience

h

ow well the major supporting ideas and details of the text support the author’s main idea

a

nd much more!

How to Give Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide9

Specify what in the text led you to that idea

:

Pick out the part or parts of the text that led you to your idea. Give that evidence to your reader in the form of a

paraphrase

or

direct quote

from the text.

How to Give Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide10

Specify what in the text… (continued)

:

Paraphrasing

is when you describe something that the text said without copying directly from the text.

Example of paraphrasing:

The sentence above says that when you paraphrase you should not copy anything directly from the text.

How to Give Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide11

Specify what in the text… (continued)

:

Direct Quoting

is when you include a short part of the text that you

copied exactly from the text

in your own writing. Direct quotes need to have quotation marks around them.

- Example of direct quoting:

The sentence above says that when you quote

directly,

“you include a short part of the text that you

copied exactly from the

text

” (slide 11).

How to Give Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide12

Specify what in the text… (continued)

:

Here are some sentence starters for specifying what in the text led you to your idea:

In the first paragraph,

the

author says…

The text states…

The text describes… For example…

The author explains…

T

he author argues…

For instance…

How to Give Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide13

Comment on the Evidence

:

Explain how the quote(s) or paraphrase(s) you pointed out as evidence support your idea.

How to Give Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide14

Comment on the Evidence (continued)

:

Here are some sentence starters for commenting on the evidence:

This shows…

This is because…

This means…

This reveals…

This illustrates…

This highlights the difference between…

How to Give Explicit Textual EvidenceSlide15

Remember, you need to give Explicit Textual Evidence whenever you state an answer, idea or opinion you have about a text. To do so, you need to…

State your idea

Specify what in the text led you to that idea

Comment on the evidence

Conclusion