AIR TRAVEL GEOGRAPHY

AIR TRAVEL GEOGRAPHY AIR TRAVEL GEOGRAPHY - Start

2016-08-16 76K 76 0 0

AIR TRAVEL GEOGRAPHY - Description

INTERNATIONAL. TRAVEL AND TOURISM. OBJECTIVES:. 2.1 DISCUSS 8 FREEDOMS OF THE AIR. 2.2 DESCRIBE THE INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION (IATA). 2.3 DEFINE INTERLINE TRAVEL. 2.4. DEFINE CITY, AIRPORT & AIRLINE CODES. ID: 449591 Download Presentation

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AIR TRAVEL GEOGRAPHY




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Presentations text content in AIR TRAVEL GEOGRAPHY

Slide1

AIR TRAVEL GEOGRAPHY

INTERNATIONALTRAVEL AND TOURISM

Slide2

OBJECTIVES:

2.1 DISCUSS 8 FREEDOMS OF THE AIR2.2 DESCRIBE THE INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION (IATA)2.3 DEFINE INTERLINE TRAVEL2.4. DEFINE CITY, AIRPORT & AIRLINE CODES2.5 CALCULATE INTERNTIONAL TIME

Slide3

Traveling out of your country

Border: line that separates countries

each country owns the land, ocean, and airspace within its borders

An airline must have the country’s permission to fly in its airspace

International air traffic agreements specify frequency of flights & number of air routes

These regulations were established by the United Nations in 1944 (UN)

Slide4

8 Freedoms of the Air

Fly through the airspace of another country without landingLand in another country for technical reasons ( emergency, refuel, repairs)Fly from one country to another country to drop off passengers and cargoPick up passengers and cargo from one country and fly them back to the originating country

Slide5

8 Freedoms of the Air

Fly from Country A to pick up passengers and cargo in Country B and drop them off in Country CFly between two countries other than the country of origin and make stop over in the country of originFly between 2 countries other than the country of origin with no stopover in the country of originFly solely within another country

Slide6

NATIONAL AIRLINES

Many countries have a national airlineThese carry the colors of their countries’ flags on the tail sections or fuselage of the planeThese airlines are called Flag CarriersEXAMPLE: Lufthansa is from GermanyEgyptair is the flag carrier of Egypt

Slide7

INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION

IATA

: founded in 1945

Principal governing body of worldwide airline operations

Regulates international air traffic

Sets safety standards

Sets flight schedules

Sets reservation, passenger and baggage regulations

Investigates accidents

Slide8

ENGLISH LANGUAGE

English

is the universal language of the travel industry

The

universal aviation code

is written in English and is used by travel agents and aviation workers to minimize errors when spelling names of passengers

Slide9

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UNIVERSAL AVIATION CODE

A

-Alpha

H

-Hotel

O

-Oslo

V

-Victor

B

-Bravo

I

-India

P

-Papa

W

-Whiskey

C

-Charlie

J

-Juliet

Q

-Quebec

X

-X ray

D

-Delta

K

-Kilo

R

-Romeo

Y

-Yankee

E

-Echo

L

-Lima

S

-Sierra

Z

-Zulu

F

-Foxtrot

M

-Mike

T

-Tango

G

-Golf

N

-November

U

-Uniform

Slide11

INTERLINE TRAVEL

Interline travel

: where passengers are able to fly on different carriers during their trip

Interline agreement

means two or more airlines have agreed to transport the other’s passengers and baggage at connecting points

Airlines accept tickets of other airlines

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IATA AREAS OF TRAVEL

3 AREAS OF TRAVEL

Areas are called

Traffic Conferences

Used to establish airfare prices and flying zones

Slide14

TRAFFIC CONFERENCES

Area 1 or

TC 1

:

Western Hemisphere

or

WH

includes:

North America

Central America (excluding Panama)

South America ( including Panama)

The Caribbean

Greenland

Bermuda

Slide15

TRAFFIC CONFERENCES

Area 2 or

TC 2

:

Europe and Africa

which includes:

Europe (including Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Russia west of the Ural Mountains)

The Middle East ( including Egypt and Sudan)

Africa (Excluding Egypt, Sudan, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia)

Slide16

TRAFFIC CONFERENCES

Area 3 or

TC 3

:

Australasia

which includes:

Asia (including Russia east of the Ural Mountains)

Australia

New Zealand

The South Pacific

Slide17

CITY, AIRPORT, & AIRLINE CODES

IATA assigns codes to distinguish cities, airports, and airlines around the world

A three-letter location code identifies a city or an airport

example: BUE=Buenos Aires, Argentina

CAI= Cairo, Egypt

LON= London, England

PAR= Paris, France

SIN= Singapore, Singapore

Slide18

CITY AND AIRPORT CODES

Some city and airport codes are formed by using three letters from the city’s name

Example: BKK=Bangkok, Thailand

HKG=Hong Kong, Hong Kong

NBO=Nairobi, Kenya

TYO=Tokyo, Japan

ZRH=Zurich, Switzerland

Slide19

AIRLINE CODES

Airline codes are often difficult to recognize

Example: AT=Royal Air Moroc

AZ=Alitalia

BA=British Airways

JL=Japan Air Lines

MS=Egypt Air

LA=Lan Chile

Slide20

Slide21

AIR FARES & ROUTES

Fares differ depending on air routes

All directions of travel have a 2-letter code

Example:

AF=via Africa

AP=via the Atlantic & Pacific

AT=via the Atlantic

EH=Eastern Hemisphere

EU=via Europe

PO=via North Pole

WH=Western Hemisphere

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