Presentations text content in A Perspective on Ageing People with Sensory Disabilities
A Perspective on Ageing People with Sensory Disabilities
Jeign CraigVice President HIPENSlide2
10 million people in the UK ( 1 in 6 of the population)
The most common type of hearing loss is called ‘
’ or ‘age-related hearing loss’.
% of people aged over
than 90% of people aged over
80 have a hearing loss
living in sheltered
and nursing homes for older people will have a hearing
They may not have
recognised it or sought help.
is vital that these people are supported to manage their hearing loss
the impact on their quality of life.Slide4
Staff in the care homes should be trained,
so they can:
1 Intervene early
in hearing loss
hearing aid use and management.Slide5
Hearing loss is usually described in terms of severity:
loss will mean some
difficulty following speech, especially in noisy environments.
may wear hearing aids – if their hearing loss has been diagnosed – and find
will nearly always use speech to communicate.Slide6
means the person will
find it difficult to follow speech, especially in noisy environments.
will probably wear hearing aids
means the person may
have difficulty following speech, even with hearing aids.
and/or use British Sign Language (BSL) and communication supportSlide7
means a person may
use BSL as their first or preferred
People who use BSL often consider themselves to be part of the Deaf community.
people in the UK
have a combined hearing and sight loss. Many people who are
have some hearing and vision.
will be totally deaf and/or totally blind.Slide8
The Impact of Hearing loss
are not supported to manage their hearing loss effectively
• social isolation
• anger and frustration
• low confidence, especially in social settings
• stress and anxiety
people with age-related hearing loss
their life will lead to
not be sure
Recent research has
that there is a link between
hearing loss and dementia
People with mild hearing loss have nearly twice the chance of
three times for people
moderate hearing loss,
Hearing and sight loss
As people get older, their sight, as well as their
with a combined
hearing and sight loss
will be very challenging
Problems with reading
Problems getting around
out simple tasks without
may not answer questions
appropriately – this can be
misinterpreted as an early sign of
Older people with hearing and sight loss may easily
Their isolation may
have a negative
effect on their relationships with family
Communication - lipreading
a suitable environment with good lighting, away from noise and distractions
or stand at the same level
about 1m away
the light, or your face will be in shadow
is looking at you before you speak
the topic of conversation
clearly at a moderate pace, without raising your
natural body language.
your face visible
is following you.
patient and take time to communicate.Slide12
Communication – Write key words
can’t make yourself understood, write down key words (not everything) and then continue the conversation.
the person has sight problems, use a thicker pen or a different colour pen or paper, and make your writing bigger. Work together to find out what will help the most
Don’t use CAPITAL
LETTERS. It’s the written equivalent of shouting and doesn’t actually make things clearer.Slide13
Communication – body language
to objects, pictures or people that you are talking about.
to show how you feel.
people, things or activities.
object in the person’s hand so they can feel or smell it.
is often a good method for communicating with
people, or people with learning disabilities or dementia.
cup in their hand for “Would you like some tea
Communication – professional support
(although mainly used in educational environments)
Communication Support Workers
Cued Speech TransliteratorsSlide15
Communication - the environment
helps to absorb noise.
reduce sound reverberation and echo.
or bold patterns on can
any glare or shadows
cutlery and crockery.
Round dining tables
so everyone can see each other.Slide16
Recognising the signs of age-related hearing loss
A person who is losing their hearing will:
about others mumbling
• need to have things repeated several times
• complain that they cannot hear as well as they used to
react to you
• struggle to hear on the telephone
• have the TV or radio
conversation in noisy
more withdrawn or stop taking part in conversation and activities
Many people with hearing loss find hearing aids very helpful.
can take some time for people to adjust to their hearing aids and it’s important that they get
Digital hearing aids
(UK provide these free
can also be bought privately
Digital means that the audiologist can fine-tune them to match a person’s hearing loss and needs.Slide18
Behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing aidSlide19
In-the-ear (ITE) hearing aidSlide20
Body worn hearing aidSlide21
Managing a hearing aid
Daily check to see if it is working
Adjusting the settings
Changing the batteries
All of the above may be difficult for elderly people (using fine manual skills/ understanding)Slide22
Aids to hearing
with a hearing loop or are specially designed for people with hearing
hearing loop or infrared
system for the TV, radio, music system
systems (vibrating or flashing doorbell)
lighting in all
quiet environment (minimise background noise)
arrangement that is helpful for
on Hearing Loss
of Teachers of
British Deaf Association (BDA)
British Tinnitus Association (BTA
Hearing Dogs for Deaf People
National Association for Deafened
Key points – a summary
Age of onset of deafness
Type of deafness
Worsening sight, mobility etc
Other health issues
Varying situations – home, care home, hospital
Achieving Independence – support neededSlide26
Give information of what is available to people suffering from hearing lossGive information of what is available to people caring for elderly peopleGive training to people who have a hearing lossGive training for people who are caring for elderly people with a hearing loss – ProDeafToolKit
How can we help?